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    New PAN card rules come into effect from next month: 5 things to know

    The new Income Tax department notification says that individuals like the managing director, director, partner, trustee, author, founder, karta, CEO or office-bearer of such entities should also apply for a PAN card, in case they don’t have one, within 31 May of the next financial year.

    Now resident entities shall have to obtain PAN even if the total sales or turnover or gross receipts are not or are not likely to exceed Rs 5 lakh in a financial year. Photo: Pradeep Gaur/Mint

    Now resident entities shall have to obtain PAN even if the total sales or turnover or gross receipts are not or are not likely to exceed Rs 5 lakh in a financial year. Photo: Pradeep Gaur/Mint

    New Delhi: To prevent tax evasion, the Income Tax department has changed PAN card rules with effect from 5 December making it mandatory for all entities doing business worth over Rs 2.5 lakh in a financial year to have a Permanent Account Number. According to a new notification issued by the Central Board of Direct Taxes, all entities which made financial transactions of at least Rs 2.5 lakh in a financial year must apply for a PAN card till May 31 of the next financial year.

    5 things to know about new PAN card rules:

    1. “In the case of a person, being a resident, other than an individual, which enters into a financial transaction of an amount aggregating to two lakh fifty thousand rupees or more in a financial year and which has not been allotted any permanent account number, on or before the 31st day of May immediately following such financial year,” says the new amendment in Income Tax Rules, 1962.

    2. The new income tax rule is not meant for individual taxpayers who are not associated with such entities.

    3. The new I-T department notification also says that individuals like the managing director, director, partner, trustee, author, founder, karta, chief executive officer or office-bearer of such entities should also apply for a PAN card, in case they don’t have one, within 31 May of the next financial year.

    4. “In the case of a person, who is the managing director, director, partner, trustee, author, founder, karta, chief executive officer, principal officer or office-bearer of the person referred to in clause (v) or any person competent to act on behalf of the person referred to in clause (v) and who has not been allotted any permanent account number, on or before the 31st day of May immediately following the financial year in which the person referred to in clause (v) enters into financial transaction specified therein,” reads the amendment.

    5. Nangia Advisors LLP Partner Suraj Nangia said that now resident entities shall have to obtain PAN even if the total sales or turnover or gross receipts are not or are not likely to exceed Rs 5 lakh in a financial year. “This will help the income tax department track financial transactions, broaden the tax base and prevent tax evasion,” said the tax expert.

    Read: How to apply for PAN card online using Aadhaar

    In another development, the Income Tax authorities have made it optional for individual tax payers to give their father’s name in PAN card application forms for those with single parents. If a PAN applicant’s father is deceased or separated, he or she can chose not to mention father’s name at all in the form.


    Illegal migrants need to be deported, says Army chief

    Highlights
    • Army chief General Bipin Rawat said he supported deportation of those who have entered the country illegally
    • He also defended the Army’s record on human rights and called for investigations against individuals and organisations “filing false cases against soldiers with an intent to malign the institution”

    With just three weeks to go for the closure of claims for inclusion in the National Register of Citizens in Assam, Army chief General Bipin Rawat has said that he supports NRC, and that parties opposed to it are undermining national security. In an interview to Times Now, the chief of Army staff also said that most of the accusations of fake encounters and human rights abuses by the army were false.

    Rawat said he supported deportation of those who have entered the country illegally. “If they are illegal, they need to be deported. If they are legal, they need to be amalgamated. But then that amalgamation must happen in a manner that benefits everybody. Let it not go the political way,” he said.

    He suggested that political parties were helping illegal migrants stay on. “There are some organisations which have amalgamated them into the system. There are others who have come in illegally who do not have citizenship, but there are some people who are trying to get them citizenship,” he said.

    In February, Rawat had spoken of the growth of All-India United Democratic Front, led by MP Badruddin Ajmal, in Assam. Rawat had said: “There is a party called AIUDF. They have grown in a faster timeframe than BJP.”

    Army chief General Bipin Rawat said, “When we talk of Jan Sangh, with two members of Parliament and where they have reached, AIUDF is moving at a faster pace in Assam. Finally, what will be the state of Assam, we have to take a call.”

    Speaking to Times Now, the Army chief also defended the Army’s record on human rights and called for investigations against individuals and organisations “filing false cases against soldiers with an intent to malign the institution”.

    “The time has come to probe these people who have come out with these cases,” he said. Rawat gave the example of a case in the National Human Rights Commission when he was in the Eastern Command. “The case was that one of the units had killed a terrorist and the body was missing. We started the probe, and found that the lad was alive. They closed the case. But what about the person who made this allegation, should that not be investigated?” he said.

    Where the Army found that encounters were staged, it has taken strict action, he said. “Where we felt encounters, I won’t say were fake, but could have been better conducted, we have punished people,” he said. Rawat said complaints about fake encounters were being filed by “third parties”. “To say it was a fake encounter or that it was not conducted in a way the Army is supposed to conduct an encounter, the complaint should come from near and dear ones. In most of the cases, the allegation has come from a third party. It could be an NGO that has been created.


    Joint Planning Among Army, Navy, IAF Key to Win Any War in Shortest Time, Says Dhanoa

    The IAF chief said all the three services will have to adopt a coherent approach to effectively deal with all possible security threats facing the country, asserting that his force strongly stands for “jointness”.

     

     

    New Delhi: Chief of Air Staff B S Dhanoa has strongly pitched for institutionalised structure for joint planning among the Indian Air Force, Navy and Army so that the country wins any war in future in the “shortest possible” time.

    The IAF chief said all the three services will have to adopt a coherent approach to effectively deal with all possible security threats facing the country, asserting that his force strongly stands for “jointness”.
    “No single service can win the war solely on its own inherent organic capabilities given the variety of threats which nations are capable of inflicting upon each other,” he said.
    “Thus it is imperative that the three services promote joint planning and exploit the strengths of sister services to help win a war in the shortest possible time. India by itself is one theatre,” he told PTI.

    There have been deliberations within the government and the three forces on whether India should go for integrated theatre commands where all the manpower and assets of the three services will be under the command of one officer. The US as well as several western countries follow this model.

    There were voices within the defence establishment who were in favour of setting up at least two theatre commands — one in western sector for dealing with Pakistan and other in eastern sector for dealing with any eventuality along the frontier with China.

    Though there is no clear indication of whether the government was serious about setting up theatre commands, in April, it formed a Defence Planning Committee (DPC) headed by National Security Advisor (NSA) Ajit Doval to prepare a national security strategy with a focus on ensuring convergence among the three forces.

    “What we require is an institutionalised structure for joint planning. Incidentally, IAF is the only service that deputes senior officers who serve alongside principal fighting formations of the other two services so as to improve and enhance their combat potential in achieving desired outcomes,” said Air Chief Marshal Dhanoa.

    He said the IAF enables the Army and the Navy to achieve laid down objectives set by the political leadership.
    At present, India has 17 single-service commands. The country’s only tri-services command was set up in 2001 in the strategically located Andaman and Nicobar.

    Nearly two years back, China reorganised its military into five theatre commands to enhance the overall capabilities of the forces.

    Asked about the IAF’s long-pending modernisation initiative, Air Chief Marshal Dhanoa said his force has a capability-driven modernisation plan with an aim to achieve full spectrum capabilities.

    “It is the IAF’s endeavour to achieve self-sufficiency through a focused, sustained and evolved indigenisation programmes by supporting the Make in India’ initiative. Rest assured, IAF is prepared to respond to future challenges and safeguard the Indian skies,” he said.

    The IAF chief said the government was pursuing multiple initiatives to achieve higher levels of indigenisation and self-reliance in the defence sector.

    This, he said, was sought to be achieved by harnessing the capabilities of both the public and the private sector industries, thus increasing the defence industrial base in the country.

    “Self-reliance is a major cornerstone on which the military capability of any nation must rest. Our country has immense potential to leverage the manpower and engineering capability within the country for attaining self-reliance in design, development & manufacturing in defence sector,” he said


    India: The Forgotten Army

    In 1914, India sent nearly 1.5 million men to fight alongside the British in World War I. When Britain denied the colony greater autonomy at the end of the war, the men were swiftly forgotten.

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     Over 100 years ago, nearly two million men in Asia were recruited to fight in the greatest war humanity has ever witnessed.

    Read more at https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/video-on-demand/asia-in-the-great-war/india-the-forgotten-army-10909062


    In Radical Restructuring Plan, Army Brigadiers, Major Generals To Have Same Rank, Pay

    The Indian Army plans to implement several significant steps “to meet futuristic challenges keeping budgetary prudence in mind”.

    In Radical Restructuring Plan, Army Brigadiers, Major Generals To Have Same Rank, Pay

    NEW DELHI: 

    HIGHLIGHTS

    1. Indian Army plans major restructuring of force over the next two years
    2. These steps will help army meet “futuristic challenges”, save resources
    3. Measures will be tested next year, sent to Defence Ministry for approval
    4. Within two years, the ranks of Brigadier and Major General in the Indian Army could be merged, a move that is part of the most comprehensive plan ever to re-organise the force. The plans would, however, need to be approved by the Defence Ministry before they can be implemented on the ground.

    According to Army sources, “an officer commanding a brigade will be designated a Brigadier, but when that officer comes for a staff position, he will be designated a Major General and will not need to go through any Board.” A brigade in the Indian Army is composed of approximately three thousand men and women.

    In other words, there will be no separate assessment (or ‘Board’) of an officer to be designated Major General, a rank which will be granted entirely on the roles and responsibilities that are assigned. “The Brigadier and Major General level will be merged. Financially, they will be in the same grade” said senior officers to NDTV. The merger of the two ranks will also give 80 more officers in every batch the opportunity to make it to the much sought-after position of Major General. Presently, the pyramidal system of promotions within the army mean that very few among even the most deserving candidates rise beyond the rank of Colonel.

    There are other significant steps that the army plans to implement “to meet futuristic challenges keeping budgetary prudence in mind”. Army Headquarters in Delhi will now be primarily staffed by officers of the rank of Colonel and above while the majority of younger officers including Majors and Lieutenant Colonels will be posted out to increase the strength of field formations. In carrying out these changes, the authorised size of the Army Headquarters will come down from 1,450 to 1,250 officers. However, in an effort to draw on the best experience available, a hundred retired officers or specialists will be recruited as “re-employed officers.”

    Some new posts will also be created to deal with emerging threats while some others may be removed. The army will now have a Lieutenant General heading up the post of Director General (Information Warfare) while various branches of the army looking at the training of officers and jawans will be rationalised. The Vice Chief of the army, and the Director General (Training) will no longer be involved in the training process. Instead, the Army Training Command (ARTRAC) will be looking after this function in its entirety. A Major General will now be appointed the head of the Army’s Vigilance Cell and will report directly to the Army Chief while the Lieutenant General who heads Financial Planning will report to the Vice Chief.

    The changes being proposed in the army will be tested at select formations across the country through 2019 before a proposal is sent to the Defence Ministry to take a final call. Sources tell NDTV that the goal of the entire exercise is to “reduce duplication, ensure shorter decision making time, and work towards higher synergy in various verticals while ensuring greater accountability and more efficiency.”

    Fresh details have also emerged on the army plans to base its operations around the concept of Integrated Battle Groups (IBG). Sources have indicated to NDTV, that each IBG will be bigger than a brigade (3,000 men and women) but smaller than a division (9,000-10,000 men and women). Each IBG will be designed in a manner that it can be quickly deployed in the event of tension on the borders. Each IBG will have integral infantry, armour, artillery, reconnaissance and support units. Presently, it takes the army several weeks to re-position, stock and deploy major fighting formations which are expected to battle Pakistan or China. IBGs are meant to be “lean and agile groupings with elements of all arms all of which are trained together.”

    18 COMMENTS

    Between 1975 and 2016, there have been 13 studies looking at reorganising the army. The changes being proposed now are based on four separates studies which are taking place concurrently. These include ‘Reorganisation and optimisation of the Indian Army,’ ‘Reorganisation of Army Headquarters, ‘Officer Cadre Review’ and ‘Terms of Engagement of Junior Commissioned Officers and Other Ranks including minimum service for pension.’ Each study is being supervised by a Lieutenant General.


    Indian Army will have to wait some more, fresh RfP to be issued for replacement of outdated Insas by close-quarter carbines

    Despite efforts of the Indian Army to fast-track the procurement of small arms, the Ministry of Defence (MoD) is considering to issue a fresh request for proposal (RfP) for the procurement of 93,895 close-quarter-battle carbines (CQB), a deal worth $553.33 mn.

    The procurement of 93,895 CQB for the Indian Army had run into rough weather.

    Despite efforts of the Indian Army to fast track the procurement of small arms, the Ministry of Defence (MoD) is considering to issue a fresh request for proposal (RfP) for the procurement of 93,895 close-quarter-battle carbines (CQB), a deal worth $553.33 mn.

    The Indian Army which has been trying for long time to replace age-old ‘INSAS’ rifles which has reliability issues, has so far failed in finding the right replacement either from foreign OEMs or from the Ordnance Factory Board (OFB).

    After receiving a series of complaints against Caracal of the UAE which was shortlisted as the lowest bidders for the CQBs, from the other bidders including French Company Thales and S&T Motiv of South Korea, the MoD is mulling on cancelling the previous RfP.

    Read | Procurement of 93,895 close-quarter-battle carbines for Indian Army, a deal worth $553.33 mn runs into rough weather

    As has been reported earlier by FE, a nine-member committee headed by an Army brigadier has been receiving complaints regarding non compliance of Caracal of UAE.

    The UAE Company has failed to submit its response as per the format of the commercial bid and the amount of Rs 70 crore was not reflected in the bid format which is used for determination of L1 vendor.

    Concerns have also been expressed to the nine member committee about the ability of Caracal to supply 96,000 weapons within a period of 12 months as required under the RfP.

    Officials confirmed that the UAE based company started its commercial production in 2014 and till date does not have a lot of orders to indicate that it has the capacity to produce 93,895 CQBs.

    Adding, “This, in turn will also impact the life cycle of the weapon as the company has no previous data to establish the reliability of the CQB.”

    As has been reported earlier, the procurement of 93,895 CQB for the Indian Army had run into rough weather, when after stiff evaluations two companies — Caracal of the UAE and S&T Motiv of South Korea —had been declared non-compliant by a nine-member committee headed by an Army brigadier.

    This left Sig Sauer of the US, Kanpur-based MKU with French company Thales in the race.

    Caracal of the UAE and Reliance Armaments with S&T Motiv of South Korea were competing for this deal. It may be recalled that the Embassy of South Korea in New Delhi had protested against being declared non compliant in spite of meeting all the requirements laid down in the request for proposal.

    The nine member team had gone to facilities of the competing companies before being invited for the extensive trials in India for testing with the Indian ammunition and in different terrains and temperature.

    Representatives of the S&T Motiv, producers of small arms for the last four decades were part of the delegation when South Korean President Moon Jae-in had visited India in July. The company had offered to transfer technology to produce the CQBs under Make in India initiative when the defence minister of that country had visited close on the heels of President Moon Jae-in.

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    Captain Snubs Kejriwal in turn Punjab Roadways’ Volvo buses to IGI airport banned:: Nt Bann on Badals

    Order passed by Delhi govt under SC guidelines; restricts their access up to ISBTs at Kashmere Gate, Sarai Kale Khan and Anand Vihar; DTA had impounded three buses last week

    LUDHIANA: Passengers travelling in Punjab Roadways Volvo buses to Indira Gandhi International (IGI) Airport in Delhi will now be put to inconvenience as the Delhi Transport Authority (DTA) has banned entry of stage-carriage vehicles into the airport for allegedly lacking the required permits.

    The DTA passed an order on Monday, saying these buses can ply only up to inter-state bus terminals (ISBTs) in Delhi, including those located at Kashmere Gate, Sarai Kale Khan and Anand Vihar.

    From Kashmere Gate, the distance to the airport is 19.4km, from Sarai Kale Khan 18.5km and from Anand Vihar around 30km.

    The DTA had impounded three buses of Jalandhar depot of Punjab Roadways last week. The roadways had to pay a fine of ₹5,000 per bus to the DTA to get its buses released. It was stated that as roadways buses do not have specific permits, they will not be allowed to enter the IGI airport.

    There are more than 40 luxury buses plying towards Delhi from various roadways depots in the state, including Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Hoshiarpur, Nawanshahr, Muktsar, Ropar and Pathankot.

    DELHI GOVT ORDER When contacted, general manager (GM), Punjab Roadways, Jalandhar, Parneet Minhas said, “The order passed by the Delhi government under the Supreme Court guidelines states that stage-carriage buses will be allowed to stop at only three bus stands in Delhi — Kashmere Gate, Sarai Kale Khan and Anand Vihar. Our buses were also picking up the passengers from the airport. Now, the authorities have told us that the airport is not your station (sic), so our buses cannot drop or pick up passengers from there.”

    However, he added, “It’s a temporary issue which is expected to be resolved within a few weeks.”

    A roadway official, seeking anonymity, said, “The Jalandhar depot was earning ₹75 to ₹80 lakh from its nine buses plying to the IGI Airport and the Ludhiana depot was earning around ₹9 lakh per month from just one Volvo bus.”

    Following this, the Ludhiana and Jalandhar depots of Punjab Roadways had even announced to shut down their bus services to the IGI airport.

    Confirming the development, GM, Punjab Roadways Ludhiana, Gursewak Rajpal said, “The services were shut down from Monday as some buses of Jalandhar depot were impounded by the Delhi government. I held a meeting with GM Jalandhar regarding the matter on Monday.

    On Tuesday, we had a meeting at Chandigarh with state officials. I hope the matter could be solved soon.”

    PERMIT CONDITIONS

    As per the norms mentioned on the official website of Delhi government, permits shall be subject to conditions laid down in the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 and rules made thereunder and also subject to the conditions laid down by the state transport authority (STA), Delhi, from time to time.

    It also mentioned that a bus shall be used only on the route specified in the permit or as changed from time to time by the STA in consideration of traffic pattern, commuter patterns or other factors considered relevant.

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    Victims of mass genocide can’t be left in lurch: Judge

    A Delhi court pronounces death sentence on one and life term on another for killing two people during mob violence in the aftermath of the assassination of ex­PM Indira Gandhi

    NEWDELHI: Victims of ‘mass genocide could not be left in the lurch and that their allegations should also be given a fair hearing, a Delhi court observed on Tuesday while sentencing two convicts in a 1984 anti-Sikh riots case.

    Additional Sessions Judge Ajay Pandey noted that for 33 years the two men had escaped the process of law and said that it is time for the court to rise upon the cry of the victims and the demand of the society. The court awarded death penalty to convict Yashpal Singh for killing two men during the riots — the first capital punishment in the case. Co-convict Naresh Sehrawat was given life term.

    Judge Pandey said from the testimony of the eyewitnesses, it is clear that Yashpal had come to the spot in the bus on November 1, 1984 and that he was actively involved in the burning of shops of the deceased and the eye witnesses. The court also pointed that there was sufficient material and allegations in the affidavit given by one of the eyewitnesses, Santokh Singh, who is also the complainant.

    The judge said there is no material before it to consider that convict Yashpal had reformed himself. “He appears to be playing gimmick with the court and victims to date. He appears to be purposely hiding his income and properties,” the court said.

    “The court is of the opinion that if he did not repent for 34 years and his mentality did not reform when he was at large in society for such a long period. He attempted to mislead the court in order to escape his liability, his chances for reformation now are almost negligible,” the judge said.

    While convicting the duo, the court has said that ‘fair trial should not be fair to only the accused persons. It also said that the accused had never been even arrested till the pronouncement of their conviction on November 14. “The court recalls the feelings of the victims when the eyewitnesses appeared before the court on November 5 and expressed their grief that the convicts were roaming at large,” the judge said.

    Stressing on the need for justice in such cases, the judge said such incidents break the trust between communities which, once broken, cannot be restored, even after decades. “Incidents of this kind breaks entire fabric of trust and harmony against communities, severely affecting the knitting and assimilation of different religious and social groups,” the court said.

    The verdict was pronounced in Tihar Jail after the local police moved a petition in the high court citing security reasons and possibility of attack on the convicts on the premises of the Delhi court, said a senior police officer.

    Timeline of the Mahipalpur case

    November 1, 1984: Two men were killed, three others injured after a mob armed with sticks and other weapons attacked them and threw them down from the first floor of a building in Delhi’s Mahipalpur. FIR (406/84) was registered at the Mehrauli police station the same day.

    February 23, 1985: Chargesheet filed against Jai Pal Singh.

    September 9, 1985: Santokh Singh, brother of three victims, filed an affidavit before Justice Rangnath Justice Ranganath Misra Commission that was formed to probe the killings for filing a separate case.

    December 20, 1986: Sessions court acquitted Jai Pal Singh of all the charges. The other two accused Naresh Sehrawat and Yashpal Singh did not face trial.

    1993: Fresh FIR was filed on Santokh’s affidavit on the recommendation of Justice JD Jain and DK Aggarwal committee

    February 9, 1994: Metropolitan Magistrate TS Kashyap accepted the untraced (closure) report filed in the case by the Delhi Police, saying the police could not gather evidence to prosecute Sehrawat and Singh

    February 12, 2015: Central government constituted Special Investigation Team (SIT) to reopen and further investigate anti-Sikh riots cases, which were either cancelled or closed for want of evidence.

    July 8, 2016: The SIT intimated the Patiala House Court about re-opening and further investigation of the case

    January 31, 2017: The SIT filed the chargesheet against Sehrawat and Singh.

    November 14, 2018: The court convicted the two men.

    November 15, 2018: Sehrawat was assaulted by Delhi’s Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) legislator Manjinder Singh Sirsa outside the courtroom moments after the court reserved its order on the quantum of punishment.

    November 20, 2018: The court pronounced death sentence for Singh and life term for Sehrawat.


    Amritsar grenade attack: One held; Capt says act of terror No communal motive behind the attack, grenades were from Pakistan ordnance factory

    Amritsar grenade attack: One held; Capt says act of terror

    CM Capt Amarinder Singh showing to the media a photo of the person arrested in Nirankari Bhavan attack case, in Chandigarh on Wednesday. — ANI

    Tribune News Service
    Chandigarh, November 21

    Claiming to have cracked the Amritsar Nirankari Bhavan grenade attack case within 72 hours, Punjab Chief Minister Capt Amarinder Singh on Wednesday said one person has been arrested while the hunt is on for another.

    “One Bikramjit Singh has been arrested and search for another accused, Avtar Singh, is on,” Amarinder told the media here.

    Pakistan’s ISI very active to cause trouble in Punjab, Amarinder Singh said, adding, “The grenades were dumped from across the fence by Pakistan’s ISI. These were made by Pakistan ordnance factory.”

    Ruling out any communal angle behind the attack, the CM said it was just an act of terror.

    Maintaining that the state police have busted 17 terror modules since March 2017, Capt Amarinder said, “Harmeet Phd is just a tout like others of the ISI. Harmeet was said to be the handler,” Amarinder said. Harmeet alias Happy Phd is a Pakistan-based Khalistan Zindabad Force militant. Last month, the Punjab police had busted a terror module allegedly being operated by Harmeet Phd.

    Three people including a preacher were killed and over 20 injured when two-motorcycle borne men threw a grenade on a religious congregation on the outskirts of Amritsar on Sunday.

    Amritsar blast: Posters of Zakir Musa put up at railway station

    LUDHIANA : As intelligence agencies are linking the recent Amritsar blast with Zakir Musa, chief commander of the Ansar Ghazwat-ul-Hind terror outfit, the Government Railway Police (GRP) have pasted posters of the terrorist at the railway station here. Posters have been pasted at the main entrance to platform number 1 for the notice of a maximum number of people coming to the station.

    HT PHOTO■ A poster of terrorist Zakir Musa pasted at the railway station in Ludhiana on Tuesday.

    Sub-inspector Inderjeet Singh, SHO, GRP, said that cops of ranks have been told to store images of the terrorist in their mobile phones. The surveillance in and around the station premises has also been increased.

    Singh said that a few days ago, high alert was sounded in the state when intelligence released a letter stating the presence of members of the Jaish-e-Mohammad terrorist group in the state. Musa was seen in Amritsar. “After the grenade attack in Amritsar, surveillance has been intensified. Passengers should inform the police if they suspect anything unusual,” he said.