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    BSF proposes Wagah-like shows at two BOPs in Meghalaya

    BSF proposes Wagah-like shows at two BOPs in Meghalaya
    File photo

    Shillong, February 24

    The BSF have proposed to set up shows similar to that performed at the Wagah border along the Indo-Pak border, albeit, a more friendly one with the BGB of Bangladesh at two BOPs in Meghalaya, an official said.

    Two border out posts (BOPs) along the Indo-Bangla border have been identified and a proposal of Rs 2 crore was sent to the Tourism ministry, Meghalaya Frontier BSF IG P.K. Dubey said.

    “We have selected two BOPs – Dawki in West Jaintia Hills and Kilapara in West Garo Hills for border tourism in Meghalaya,” he said.

    A proposal of Rs 1 crore each for developing these two BOPs along the Indo-Bangla border as tourist spots have been submitted and approval is awaited, he said.

    The BSF here has plans to develop a similar show of that at the Wagah border but in a more friendly way.

    “We will try some joint retreat ceremony in the evening where flag hoisting will be done jointly by the border security force (BSF) and border guards of Bangladesh (BGB),” Dubey said.

    “The idea is to showcase the BOPs where tourists can visit and have first-hand information about the border,” he said.

    Photo exhibition, arms display and documentary are on the cards, he said adding that they have also proposed new items like games on the border.

    A war memorial at Kilapara was built as a tribute to nine BSF soldiers who lost their lives during the 1971 Indo- Pak war.

    The BSF IG, who had just returned from the BSF-BGB meet at Dhaka, also informed that a proposal was put forth for a expedition – cycling, rock climbing besides joint training for better coordination between the BSF and BGB.

    “BGB personnel can be trained here in border management so that they also understand the problem of Indo – Bangla border. Courses will be conducted for them here in Shillong or Siliguri,” he said.

    With regards to the border haats, he said that four border haats have been approved by the government but they are yet to be constructed by the state.

    “The MoU on this has expired and now it is expected to be signed once after the PM visit and they (border haats) will be activated in the next one year,” Dubey added.

    He further informed that Indian government has decided to provide medical facilities in case of emergency to BGB in places where their medical facility does not exist.

    “The MHA has approved this and whatever medical facility we are having on the border will be extended to BGB personnel in case of emergency,” he said. — PTI

    AFT upholds 3-yr jail term for Major

    Vijay Mohan

    Tribune News Service

    Chandigarh, February 24

    The Armed Forces Tribunal (AFT) has upheld sentence of a Major who was cashiered from service and awarded three years rigorous imprisonment by a general court martial (GCM) on charges that included abetting a soldier to set a Captain’s house afire, stealing his car, encouraging the soldier to desert and improperly borrowing money from a subordinate.In his petition, the officer had contended that false charges had been levelled against him and the trial by the GCM was without jurisdiction as his trial had commenced and concluded before the trial of the main accused had started. He said he could not have been tried as an abettor until the charges against the main accused in the case had been established in a legal proceeding.The petitioner, ex-Major Om Prakash, had been tried on seven charges under various provisions of the Army Act and the GCM had held him guilty on five of the charges. The AFT, later, absolved him of a charge and finally, upheld the conviction on four charges.The GCM, convened by the General Officer Commanding, 24 Infantry Division, had tried him for abetting the jawan to set a Captain’s official accommodation on fire at the Suratgarh military station, thereby causing a loss of Rs 4.08 lakh to the victim and of Rs 2.01 lakh to the government.He was also tried for abetting the jawan to steal the Captain’s Santro car; inciting the jawan to desert, which he did the same day; improperly granting excess casual leave to the jawan; failing to pay transportation cost to a private contractor for transporting goods to his village and borrowing Rs 35,000 and Rs 5,000 from two soldiers in contravention of rules.

    Rare night ambush leaves 3 jawans dead in Shopian Lt Col, Maj among 5 hurt | Army Chief rushes to Valley

    Majid Jahangir

    Tribune News Service

    Srinagar, February 23

    Three Army men were killed and five others, including two officers, wounded in a militant attack in south Kashmir’s Shopian district last night. A woman was also killed in the exchange of gunfire.The attack prompted Army Chief General Bipin Rawat to rush to Srinagar to assess the situation. In less than two weeks, nine Army men, including an officer, have been killed and 15 injured.

    The high casualty level in the Army is being seen with concern by the security establishment.In the latest attack, personnel of 44 Rashtriya Rifles  were ambushed at Mulu Chitragam, 60 km from here, while they were returning after a search operation at Kungnoo village. Incidents of militants laying a night ambush are rare. This incident clearly indicates that the militants are now adopting offensive strategies to counter anti-insurgency operations by the Army and other security agencies.

    Sources said the militants suddenly appeared from narrow alleys and targeted Army vehicles with automatic weapons. An Army vehicle came to a halt after a bullet hit its driver. The militants then fired volleys of bullets on the vehicle, injuring eight soldiers, including a Lt Colonel and a Major. Three soldiers, including one from south Kashmir, succumbed to their injuries at the Army’s 92 base hospital in Badamibagh, Srinagar.The troops travelling in other vehicles fired at the militants, but they managed to escape taking advantage of darkness.

    “The condition of the injured Major is stated to be critical,” an official said.A woman was also killed in the crossfire. “She was hit by a stray bullet inside her house,” he said. Hizbul Mujahideen has claimed responsibility for the attack.A police officer said they were trying to ascertain whether the forces were given false information about militants’ presence at Kungnoo. 

    Terror trail in Valley

    • Feb 12: Two soldiers, four militants and a civilian killed in a gunfight in south Kashmir’s Kulgam district, igniting clashes in the area that left another civilian dead and over 20 injured
    • Feb 14: Three soldiers and a Pak commander of LeT killed and 12, including two officers, wounded in Bandipore
    • Feb 14: Army Major and three Pakistani Lashkar militants killed in Handwara gunfight
    • Feb 23: Three Army jawans killed and five injured in a militant attack in south Kashmir’s Shopian district

    Attacks on Army worrisome

    Attacks on Army worrisome
    Army men in Shopian after the militant attack on Thursday. Tribune Photo: Amin War

    Arun Joshi

    Tribune News Service

    Wednesday morning’s ambush of the Army patrol, which claimed lives of three soldiers and injured five others, including two officers, has yet again put the spotlight on the increasing dangers for the Army. It is a siege-like situation for the Army, where its operations, movements and camps are increasingly coming under terror attacks.More worrying is the intensity and frequency of such attacks and the mounting public support for the militants who have been inflicting casualties on soldiers.Shopian incident is to be read as the peaking of such attacks on the Army. These worries deepen when militants get away with such audacious attacks with the help of the support of their overground sympathisers who cordon off the encounter site.The way Indian soldiers are losing their lives in ambushes and encounters with militants is simply inexplicable. Something is definitely wrong somewhere, which the Army has not been able to correct despite the vow of Army Chief General Bipin Rawat that ruthless measures would be taken against the terrorists and their sympathisers who have deadly and disruptive intentions.There has been no tangible improvement in the situation. In fact, it has stirred more anger and deepened feelings to take revenge on the forces by the crowds, apparently the risk-taking supporters of the militants.The militants have come to rest in the core of the psyche of sections of people who thrive on anti-India sentiment. They want to shield militants at huge costs. The risks in such situations are very high but they also are aware that the security forces cannot fire at them with guns because that would embarrass India at the international fora. That has emboldened them.Already the global human rights watch groups have accused the security forces of using “excessive force” against the stone-throwing protesters.The frequency with which the militants have appeared to have gained an upper hand as far the casualty ratio is concerned is a highly disturbing scenario. It is disturbing because it sends an alarming message that the militants are invincible and the Army is vulnerable in Kashmir.In the same line, it is also read that militants enjoy this advantage because of the public support that has been demonstrated when the stone-throwing crowds have not only disrupted the anti-terror operations but have also forced the Army to abandon their operations.Equally dismaying is the point that people have turned visibly hostile to the Army and are unafraid of taking on the soldiers. This speaks of their love for militants and hatred for India, for they believe that India has sent its “occupational forces” to rule the state. This narrative is at the heart of the whole trouble in which the Army is increasingly becoming a target.

    CM condemns killing of three Army men, civilian at Shopian

    Tribune News Service

    Jammu, February 23

    Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti condemned the killing of three Army personnel in a militant attack at Shopian in the wee hours today.The Chief Minister said violence had never been and could never be a mean to address issues. She said the unending cycle of violence in the state had brought untold miseries to the people and collective efforts were needed to get the state out of the morass of death and destruction.Mehbooba Mufti also expressed deep grief and anguish over the death of a civilian in the incident.She conveyed her sympathies with the bereaved families of the soldiers and the civilian.

    Naval war room leak case: Supreme Court upholds sacking of two officers

    NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court on Thursday upheld the Centre’s decision to sack two senior naval officers — Commander Vijendra Rana and Commander V K Jha — for alleged involvement in the Navy war room leak case.

    The officers were removed from service after a board of inquiry (BoI) held that they were involved in providing sensitive information regarding defence forces to outside agencies. The 2005 case involved leak of over 7,000 pages of sensitive defence information from the Navy War Room and the Air Headquarters, with a direct bearing on national security.

    The leak of sensitive information came to light in May 2005 when an officer was found in possession of an unauthorised pen drive containing secrets of defence forces. An informal inquiry was held and Rana and Jha were found to be likely conduits. An BoI was convened and it was held that the officers had become undesirable and their sacking was recommended. The Centre accepted the recommendation and dismissed them on October 26, 2005.

     The officers challenged the Centre’s decision before the Armed Forces Tribunal which dismissed their plea on June 30, 2010. They then approached the SC.

    A bench of Justices Dipak Misra, A M Khanwilkar and M M Shantanagoudar, however, found no merit in their petition and upheld the Centre’s decision.

     Advocate R Balasubramanian, appearing for the Centre, said the two officers used to provide sensitive information to unauthorised agencies and endangered the country’s security. He said Rana and Jha were arrested along with other officers involved in the case.
    Apart form Rana and Jha, former naval officer Kulbhushan Prashar, former IAF Wing Commander Sambha Jee L Surve and alleged arms dealer Abhishek Verma are facing trial in the case for criminal conspiracy under IPC and under various provisions of Official Secrets Act.


    Kashmiri soldier’s death benumbs Anantnag village

    Kashmiri soldier’s death benumbs Anantnag village
    Villagers at the funeral of Jana Begum, who was killed in crossfire in Shopian on Thursday. Tribune Photo: Amin War

    Majid Jahangir

    Tribune News Service

    Srinagar, February 23

    After the news of killing of Lance Naik Ghulam Mohiuddin Rather in the Shopian ambush reached his village, relatives and neighbours started converging at Punchpora, Anantnag.Outside Lance Naik Rather’s house, a group of women were inconsolable. Some offered water to the wife of the slain soldier, others tried to cuddle his minor son. Small groups of men assembled en route Lance Naik Rather’s home.Lance Naik Rather was among the three soldiers of 44 Rashtriya Rifles who were killed in the militant ambush at Mulu Chitragam village in Shopian district of south Kashmir. An old woman was also killed in crossfire. Five other soldiers, including two officers, were injured in the incident.Lance Naik Rather’s family members came to know about his death around 9 am through social media. Hours later they were formally informed by the Army about his martyrdom.A pall of gloom descended on the family which was readying to marry his sister next month. “His sister was getting married next month and the family was gearing up for it. We wonder what will happen now,” said a family member of the soldier over phone from the village. “He was the only bread-winner in the family,” he said.The residents of the area said Mohiuddin used to visit his home as he was posted in nearby Shopian. “He would send medicines for his ailing parents whenever he could not come home,” said a neighbour.The Army said Lance Naik Rather’s mortal remains would be sent to his village for the last rites on Friday after a wreath-laying ceremony at 15 Corps Headquarters.

    Woman’s killing sparks protests in ShopianSeventy-year-old Jana Begum, who was killed in Shopian, was hit by a stray bullet inside her house. She was probably trying to figure out what was going on outside when the bullet hit her, a police officer said. The woman was found dead by her family soon after. She is survived by husband and five children. Jana was known in the locality as a pious woman. Her killing sparked protests and large number of people attended her funeral. — TNS

    ‘Cross-LoC raids tactical rather than strategic success’

    New Delhi, February 23The cross-LoC raids were a tactical rather than a strategic success since the old rules stood, says a new book.“Defeat Is an Orphan: How Pakistan Lost the Great South Asian War” by Myra MacDonald tracks the defining episodes in the relationship between India and Pakistan from 1998, from bitter conflict in the mountains to military confrontation in the plains, from the hijacking of a plane to the Mumbai attacks.India has come a long way from the lonely humiliation of the Kathmandu to Kandahar hijacking in 1999 to the public announcement of cross-LoC raids into Pakistan-held territory in 2016, says MacDonald, a journalist and author specialising in South Asian politics and security.“The cross-LoC raids were a tactical rather than strategic success, since the old rules stood. Pakistan was unlikely to abandon its strategy of supporting some jihadis while fighting others — the ideology of confrontation with India had become too deeply embedded to be uprooted. Nor had India escaped the requirements of ‘strategic restraint’.“Beyond skirmishes on the LoC, more significant Indian military action still faced the risk of escalation into a nuclear exchange. Inside the Kashmir valley, India still needed to find the political means of addressing Kashmiri resentment. In the event of further attacks from Pakistan, moreover, India’s options for further unpredictable retaliation remained limited,” the author says.“If it had international support for its cross-LoC raids, it was precisely because Indian responses to attacks by jihadis from Pakistan had been so carefully controlled since 1998, thanks to Prime Minister Modi’s predecessors,” the book, published by Penguin Random House, says.“It could not continue seeking ever more forceful retaliation without putting that at risk. Nor could it rely on international impatience with Pakistan —- it was too useful a country for China and too worrying for the United States to abandon.”According to MacDonald, Pakistan’s defeat in the Great South Asian War contained a warning for India too.“Pakistan had been brought low by hubris, a chauvinist nationalism and an unhealthy obsession with its neighbour. As it emerged as the far stronger power, India needed to be wary of succumbing to similar sentiments, lest it neglect the need to tend to the domestic stability and restraint that had served it so well,” she says. — PTI

    Capt: Violence likely if canal constructed

    Tribune News Service

    Chandigarh, February 23

    State Congress chief Capt Amarinder Singh today warned of a serious law and order problem in the “old Naxalite and hardliners’ belt of southern Punjab” if the SYL canal was completed without taking into account the ground realities. Pointing to the huge infrastructural cost involved in the construction, which would all come to naught if there was no water found subsequently to share with the neighbouring states, Amarinder urged the Supreme Court to take cognisance of the situation in terms of water availability and quantum in Punjab. Reacting to Abhay Chautala’s threat not to allow any Punjab leader to enter Haryana, Amarinder termed it a desperate bid to revive the INLD following today’s “flop show”.He welcomed the apex court’s directive on maintaining law and order.

    SYL march ends in symbolic dig

    20 INLD lawmakers held after border halt by Punjab cops, sent to Patiala jai

    Naveen S Garewal & Jupinderjit Singh
    Tribune News Service

    Chandigarh, February 23

    The Indian National Lok Dal’s (INLD) attempt to dig the defunct Sutlej-Yamuna Link (SYL) Canal ended in the arrest of two party MPs, 18 MLAs and 73 workers as they tried to cross over into Punjab via the Shambhu barrier today.The “Jal Yudh Sammelan”, planned for over a month, ended without any violence with half-a-dozen INLD workers performing symbolic digging at the Punjab-Haryana border (instead of the canal), after the Punjab Police effectively sealed all routes to the canal.Following a Supreme Court directive to both states to maintain law and order, the security agencies in Haryana repeatedly announced on loudspeakers asking INLD workers not to breach the law and return.Unwilling to relent, the INLD workers broke three cordons, manned by a handful of personnel, of the Haryana Police. They were, however, stopped in their tracks by the Punjab Police before they could cross the barricading.(Follow The Tribune on Facebook; and Twitter @thetribunechd)To prevent any untoward incident, the Punjab Police told Haryana Leader of the Opposition Abhay Chautala, INLD chief Ashok Arora and other leaders to cooperate.The police told the INLD rank and file that unless they vacated the area within 10 minutes, they would be arrested as failure to leave the area would amount to violation of Section 144 (prohibiting assembly of five or more at one place) of the Criminal Procedure Code.All through it was apparent the Shiromani Akali Dal-led coalition government in Punjab had instructed the state police not to use force.The Punjab Police personnel offered bottled drinking water to the protesters even as they minded them not to get close to the sharp iron barricading.The INLD first held a rally at the Sabzi Mandi in Ambala and then marched towards the Shambhu barrier, 2 km east of the rally site. On the way, the Haryana Police had set up three lines of defence. Each was easily breached by the protesters, though warnings were issued by the civil administration of Ambala. The protesters stopped only when they reached Punjab’s first line of defence. Punjab Police asked the protesters to leave the area within 10 minutes or face arrest.Chautala, while addressing supporters in front of the barricading, asked them to turn away after symbolic digging with spades. He soon made a U-turn and requested the Punjab Police to let them march into the neighbouring territory peacefully. He asked his party workers to climb down from the barricading. While some workers turned around, Chautala persisted with his request for allowing senior party leaders to enter Punjab peacefully.The police then arrested 93 protesters — two party MPs, 18 MLAs and 73 workers — and made arrangements for early resumption of traffic on the Ludhiana-Ambala highway. Traffic remained suspended on the highway for around 12 hours. While traffic was diverted, many stranded commuters were seen walking across the Ghaggar bridge carrying their luggage.Those arrested were taken away in two private buses and produced in the court of Rajpura Sub-Divisional Magistrate, who remanded them in judicial custody till February 27. All those arrested have been sent to the Patiala Central Jail.The Punjab Police monitored the situation using modern equipment, including drones fitted with cameras. Aerial surveillance was conducted every few minutes. Besides, 10 companies of paramilitary forces and nearly 5,000 policemen were deployed.The dispute between Punjab and Haryana is currently pending adjudication in the Supreme Court, which has directed both states and the Government of India to ensure peace. Punjab has been maintaining it has no water to spare.Traffic hit for 12 hrsTraffic remained suspended on the Ludhiana-Ambala stretch of the national highway for around 12 hours. The movement of traffic was restored around 9 pm after remaining suspended since 9 am. While traffic was diverted to alternative routes, many commuters were seen walking across the Ghaggar bridge, carrying their luggage over to the other side 

    The personnel of the anti-riot police rehearse at the Shambu barrier on Thursday

    Avoid confrontation

    SYL requires a cooling down and rethink

    The immediate challenge before the governments in Punjab and Haryana is to maintain law and order in view of the INLD’s call for a march to the Punjab border to dig the controversial SYL link canal. The Supreme Court has asserted that the canal cannot be delayed further. The INLD posturing is political, aimed at preserving its shrinking political base with the Chautala father-son duo in jail. The Punjab Police has wisely averted a possible showdown by not letting All-India Sikh Student Federation activists reach the site of the INLD protest. Though the Haryana government has allowed Chautala men to gather and stage their political drama, it cannot afford to let them cross the line for a peaceful democratic protest.The more difficult challenge is for Punjab to implement the stern Supreme Court directive: build the canal whether or not there is water to carry. There is almost a political consensus in the state as was reflected in the Assembly resolution and the Congress resignations that Punjab has not a drop of additional river water to spare for Haryana. Over the years all the ruling political parties have failed to put up a convincing case for the state either in court or outside. A politically acceptable and saleable solution was possible with the BJP in power at the Centre, in Haryana and in a coalition with the Akali Dal but electorally milking the water issue seemed more important than finding a lasting solution.  The past aggressive political posturing on the SYL would make the new government in Punjab less flexible and possibly pit it against the apex court. Already the Centre has taken a pro-Haryana stance in the Supreme Court and it is expected to be less cooperative if Punjab gets a non-Akali Dal government. Punjab will have to rebuild and reposition its case, based on sound legal facts rather than adopt the path of confrontation or cry victimhood. Courts or tribunals rule on the issue at hand on the basis of legal arguments backed by evidence. In the long run the larger issue for both states is how to cut waste and manage efficiently the existing water resources.




    SYL march: Abhay Chautala, 72 other INLD leaders jailed

    INLD bid to dig SYL Canal foiled; Haryana opposition party’s 18 MLAs, 2 MPs booked for violating prohibitory orders, sent to jail till Feb 27

    PATIALA/AMBALA: Top leaders of the Indian National Lok Dal (INLD), including Abhay Chautala, 18 other MLAs and two MPs, were arrested by Punjab Police at Shambhu barrier on the Punjab-Haryana border on Thursday after they, along with several supporters, entered the state to undertake digging of the Sutlej-Yamuna Link (SYL) Canal.

    ANIL DAYAL/HT Punjab Police taking INLD leader Abhay Chautala in custody during a protest at Shambhu barrier on the Punjab­Haryana border in Patiala district on Thursday.

    They were rounded up for violating prohibitory orders and were sent to Patiala jail in judicial custody till February 27. A case under Section 188 (Disobedience to order duly promulgated by public servant) of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) was registered against Abhay and 72 other party leaders, who courted arrest, after the police refused to allow them to enter the state.

    The INLD leaders had threatened to march into Punjab along with their shovel-carrying supporters towards the contentious canal, but heavy force was deployed to thwart their attempt. Punjab Police responded by constructing a 10-feet high wall of iron barricades and deployed about 5,000 armed personnel to stop the protesters from marching into the state. When the INLD workers reached the Punjab-Haryana border at the Shambhu barrier, they were clearly outnumbered by the police. They first tried to climb up the barricades to cross into Punjab, but failed and symbolically started the digging work of the SYL Canal right there. As slogans of SYL being their legal right rent the air, Abhay delivered a short speech. He accused the Centre of being biased against Haryana, saying that Prime Minister Narendra Modi is not implementing the court decision on the SYL canal. After his speech was over, Abhay and his supporters turned to go back, but suddenly stopped to have a brief consultation with party leaders.

    He then changed his mind and decided to court arrest by entering Punjab.

    Police officials held brief parleys with the protesters before making an announcement on loudspeaker that whosoever enters Punjab will be arrested for breaching the prohibitory orders.

    Abhay and other party leaders did not resist the arrest and were taken to the Shambhu Serai where a temporary control room of Punjab Police had been set up.

    After his arrest, Abhay warned that his party would not allow any Punjab leader who is opposed to the SYL Canal to travel through Haryana.

    Earlier in the morning, INLD supporters started gathering at the new grain market in Ambala City for the “Jal Yudh Sammelan”. Though the number of workers at the venue was modest at the start, it began to swell rapidly after 12.30pm.

    The venue was packed by the time Abhay arrived. After a quick round of speeches, they started marching on National Highway-1 (also known as GT Road) towards the Punjab border, about 2km from the rally spot.

    The party leaders were ferried in tractor-trailers.

    Though Haryana Police had made heavy bandobust, they did little to stop protesters from entering Punjab.

    No traffic was allowed on the highway from Rajpura onwards and traffic to Ambala was diverted through Sirhind via Landran.

    They were stopped by Punjab Police which had deployed 10 companies of paramilitary, antiriot squads at all entry points, besides using a helicopter and drones to keep vigil to avert any untoward situation, director general of police (DGP law and order) Hardeep Dhillon, along with inspector general, Patiala, B Chandra Sekhar, was in command of the operation.

    Meanwhile, Punjab Police also didn’t allow All India Sikh Students Federation and Bains brothers’-led Lok Insaaf Party workers to reach the Punjab-Haryana border as they had announced to take the INLD head-on.

    IAF’s Super Hercules damaged in Ladakh’s Thoise airfield

    IAF's Super Hercules damaged in Ladakh's Thoise airfield
    C-130J Super Hercules aircraft. — File photo

    New Delhi, February 23

    A C-130J Super Hercules aircraft of the Indian Air Force suffered damage while taxiing at high altitude Thoise airfield in Ladakh and a Court of Inquiry (CoI) is currently underway.One of the four engines of the aircraft was damaged in the “ground incident” on December 13 and it was brought back to Hindon airbase on the outskirts of Delhi two weeks after the incident, IAF sources said.A high-level CoI is currently underway to investigate “every possible aspect” of the incident which came nearly three years after the crash of a C-130J Super Hercules transport aircraft.Sources, however, did not confirm reports that the commander of the aircraft has been relieved of duties. “Action will be taken based on the findings of the Court of Inquiry,” they said.”The aircraft flew back to home base Hindon from Thoise two weeks after the ground incident,” the sources said.The transport aircraft had taken off from Hindon and the ground incident took place while taxiing at Thoise, one of the highest airfields in the world.The IAF had inducted six aircraft of that variety bought from the US at a cost of around Rs 6,000 crore ($1 billion) in 2010.India has already ordered six additional aircraft.In August last year, the Defence Ministry had approved buying one C-130 J Super Hercules aircraft to replace the one that had crashed in 2014 in which five crew members were killed. — PT