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    The Navy’s New Torpedo Will Send Russian and Chinese Subs Running

    ey point: As more countries build submarines, anti-submarine warfare will become a bigger deal.

     The U.S. Navy is now engineering a new, longer range and more lethal submarine-launched heavyweight Mk 48 that can better destroy enemy ships, subs and incoming weapons at longer ranges, service officials said.

    Many details of the new weapon, which include newer propulsion mechanisms and multiple kinds of warheads, are secret and not publically available. However, senior Navy leaders have previously talked to Scout Warrior about the development of the weapon in a general sense.

    Naturally, having a functional and more high-tech lethal torpedo affords the Navy an opportunity to hit enemies at further standoff ranges and better compete with more fully emerging undersea rivals such as Russia and China.

    Progress with new torpedo technologies is happening alongside a concurrent effort to upgrade the existing arsenal and re-start production of the Mk 48, which had been on hiatus for several years.

     Navy officials did add that some of the improvements to the torpedo relate to letting more water into the bottom of the torpedo as opposed to letting air out the top.

    The earlier version, the Mk 48 Mod 6, has been operational since 1997 – and the more recent Mod 7 has been in service since 2006.

    Lockheed has been working on upgrades to the Mk 48 torpedo Mod 6 and Mod 7 – which consists of adjustments to the guidance control box, broadband sonar acoustic receiver and amplifier components.

    Lockheed developers told Scout Warrior last year that Lockheed is now delivering 20-upgrade kits per month to the Navy.

    Part of the effort, which involves a five-year deal between the Navy and Lockheed, includes upgrading existing Mod 6 torpedoes to Mod 7 as well as buying brand new Mod 7 guidance control sections.

    The new Mod 7 is also resistant to advanced enemy countermeasures.

    Modifications to the weapon improves the acoustic receiver, replaces the guidance-and-control hardware with updated technology, increases memory, and improves processor throughput to handle the expanded software demands required to improve torpedo performance against evolving threats, according to Navy information on the weapon.The Mod also provides a significant reduction in torpedo radiated-noise signatures, a Navy statement said.Alongside Lockheed’s work to upgrade the guidance technology on the torpedo, the Navy is also preparing to to build new Mk 48s.

    Upgrades to the guidance control section in includes the integration of a system called Common Broadband Advanced Sonar System, or CBASS – electronics to go into the nose of the weapon as part of the guidance section, Lockheed developers explained.

    This technology provides streamlined targeting and allows the torpedo to transmit and receive over a wider frequency band, Lockheed engineers said.

    The new technology involves adjustments to the electronic circuitry in order to make the acoustic signals that are received from the system that allow the torpedo to better operate in its undersea environment.

    Upgrades also consist of movement to what’s called an “Otto fuel propulsion system,” Lockheed officials added.

    Lockheed will deliver about 250 torpedoes over the next five years. The Mk 48, which is a heavy weapon launched under the surface, is quite different than surface launched, lightweight Mk 54 torpedo fired from helicopters, aircraft and surface ships.

    The Navy’s Mk 48 torpedo is also in service with Australia, Canada, Brazil and The Netherlands.

    A Mk 48 torpedo is 21 inches in diameter and weighs 3,520 pounds; it can destroy targets at ranges out to five miles and travels at speeds greater than 28 knots. The weapon can operate at depths greater than 1,200 feet and fires a 650-pound high-explosive warhead.

    2 IAF officers face court-martial, 4 others administrative action for shooting down of Mi-17 chopper

    Two Indian Air Force (IAF) officers will face court-martial for the Mi-17 chopper crash in which six of its personnel were killed due to friendly fire by own missile system on February 27 over Srinagar. As many as four other officers will also face administrative action in the case which includes two Air Commodores (equivalent to Army Brigadiers) and two Flight Lieutenants (Captain equivalents in Army) for their respective roles in the entire case. “Two officers including a Group Captain and a Wing Commander would be tried by a court-martial for their lapses in the case due to which six IAF personnel were killed in friendly fire,” defence sources told news agency ANI. On the morning of February 27, when Pakistan counter-attacked in response to the Balakot airstrike, an IAF Mi-17 chopper crashed over Budgam area near Srinagar killing all six of its occupants. It was revealed that the chopper was hit by its own air defence system SPYDER deployed in Srinagar. The chopper of the Srinagar-based 154 Helicopter Unit crashed within 10 minutes of taking off even as a dogfight raged over 100 kilometres away between intruding Pakistani jets and the IAF, in which Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman was also involved. Six IAF personnel onboard and a civilian on the ground had lost their lives in the crash. Soon after taking over, newly-appointed IAF chief RKS Bhadauria had stated that the Mi-17 chopper crash on February 27 was a “big mistake” on part of the Air Force. Earlier, Bhadauria had said, “Court of Inquiry has completed and it was our mistake as our missile had hit our own chopper.” The fateful Mi-17 helicopter was shot down by an Indian missile when Indian air defences were on high alert following the February 26 Balakot airstrike that targetted a terrorist camp in Pakistan. The helicopter crashed near Budgam, killing all six Indian Air Force personnel on board. The helicopter was flown by squadron leader Siddharth Vashisht with other members squadron leader Ninad Mandvgane, Kumar Pandey, sergeant Vikrant Sehrawat, corporals Deepak Pandey and Pankaj Kumar. .Read more at India No 1 Defence News Website .

    Pakistan claims it can defend itself against Indian Air Force Rafale fighters

    Pakistan claims it can defend itself against Indian Air Force Rafale fighters

    According to Pakistani media, Pakistan Foreign Office Spokesperson Muhammad Faisal said the whole world had witnessed what happened on February 27 when the Pakistani Air Force launched air raids against Indian military targets and claimed to have hit targets in Jammu and Kashmir.

    Pakistan has once again boasted about its defence capabilities two days after the Indian Air Force (IAF) formally received its first Rafale fighter from France. Pakistan Foreign Office Spokesperson Muhammad Faisal on Thursday claimed that his country can defend itself against the Rafale or any other fighter jet.

    According to Pakistani media, Faisal said the whole world had witnessed what happened on February 27 when the Pakistani Air Force launched air raids against Indian military targets and claimed to have hit targets in Jammu and Kashmir. However, the air raid was successfully repulsed by the IAF and during the aerial skirmish Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman piloting a MiG-21 Bison shot down a PAF F-16.

    The aerial battle took place a day after IAF Mirage 2000 jets bombed a Jaish-e-Mohammad terror camp in Pakistan’s Balakot for its role in the suicide bombing of a Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) convoy in Jammu and Kashmir’s Pulwama in which at least 40 security personnel were killed.

    Rafale combat aircraft joining the IAF come with the world’s best Beyond Visual Range Air-to-Air Missile (BVRAAM) Meteor which can shoot down an enemy plane, missile or unarmed aerial vehicle (UAV) more than 150 kilometres away. Meteor missile ensures that the Rafale need not come near the international border or the Line of Control to hit a Pakistani jet flying in its own airspace.

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    Indian Army TGC 131 and TES 43 Notification: Online Application started for Technical Entry Scheme Course, Apply Online

    Indian Army TGC TEC Short Notification Released

    Indian Army TGC 131 and TES 43 Notification & Apply Online: Indian Army has started the online application for TES 43. A total of 90 vacancies are available under 10+2 Technical Entry Scheme Course (TES – 43). The last date for submitting Indian Army TES course application is 13 November 2019.

    Indian Army has invited online application for TGC and TES course on its official website i.e. Army TES online application has been already started, today, 15 October 2019. Indian Army TGT Online application will start from 16 October and will end on 14 November 2019.

    Job Summary

    Notification Indian Army TGC 131 and TES 43 Notification Released, Apply Online for Technical Graduate Course & Technical Entry Scheme Course
    Notification Date Oct 12, 2019
    Last Date of Submission Nov 14, 2019
    Official URL
    City new delhi
    State Delhi
    Country India
    Education Qual Graduate, Secondary
    Functional Engineering

    Indian Army released the recruitment notification for Technical Graduate Course (TGC-131) commencing in July 2020 and 10+2 Technical Entry Scheme Course (TES – 43) commencing in July 2020 for Officer posts.

    Candidates can check more details on Indian Army TGC TES such as eligibility, selection process on the basis previous notifications:  

    Indian Army TGC 131 and TES 43 Important Dates

    • Application Dates for Technical Graduate Course (TGC-131): 16 October to 14 November 2019
    • Applications for 10 + 2 Technical Entry Scheme Course (TES-43): 15 October to 13 November 2018

    Indian Army TGC 131 and TES 43 Courses Details

    • Technical Graduate Course (TGC-131)
    • 10 + 2 Technical Entry Scheme Course (TES-43) – 90 Posts

    Indian Army TGC TES Eligibility Criteria

    Educational Qualification:

    • Technical Graduate Course – BE/B.Tech from a recognized University.
    • 10 + 2 Technical Entry Scheme Course – 12th passed from a recognized board or equivalent qualification.

    Age Limit:

    TES –  16½ years to 19½ years

    How to apply for Indian Army TGC 131 and TES 43 2019?

    Eligible candidates can apply online on Indian army official website. Candidates are advised to keep the printout of the online application submitted for future reference.

    Indian Army TGC TES Short Notification PDF

    Indian Army TES 43 Notification

    Online Application (Application from 15/16 October 2019)

    Official Website

    IAF wants new MiG-29s coupled with indigenous weapons

    Representative Reuters image

    According to an ANI report, the proposal for the acquisition will soon be placed in front of the Defence Acquisition Council. The IAF has three squadrons of MiG-29 and they are looking to arm them with indigenous weapons. Air Chief Marshal RKS Bhadu…

    Read more at:

    Air Chief Bhadauria’s focus on homegrown AMCA shows IAF learnt nothing from Tejas failure

    Air Marshal Rakesh Kumar Singh Bhadauria, the new Chief of Air Staff, claimed in a press conference that the days of importing jets were over and that the Indian Air Force will now throw its entire weight behind the fifth generation Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft. This seemingly innocuous statement reveals the deep malaise in our defence thinking, born from a lack of institutional handover of knowledge. To understand what could go wrong with the Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA), we need to look at what went wrong with the Light Combat Aircraft (LCA), the homegrown Tejas. After all, the only reason we still fly the “flying coffin” MiG 21s is because of the inordinate delay in the induction of the fourth generation Tejas – the aircraft whose maiden flight took place in 2001 but which is yet to be operationalised 18 years later. This is when the US, Russia, and China have started fielding fifth generation fighters with the US operationalising the F22 back in 2005. Misplaced priorities To start with, both “light” and “indigenous” had become anachronistic even before the Tejas took its first flight. When the aircraft was conceived in an era before fly by wire (fbw) system was introduced, “light” denoted manoeuvrability. Recall how the original Maruti 800 was once considered much easier to drive than the bulky Ambassador, but the entry of electronic steering made even a huge BMW 7 Series just as easy to drive as a minuscule Tata Nano. This obsession with “light” meant that when, within the 4th generation, the emphasis shifted from kinetics to electronics, sometime in the mid-1990s, Tejas had neither the extra power nor the space to accommodate the additional electronics such as data boxes, secure network devices, built-in countermeasures and associated wiring. Moreover, it became painfully obvious that India, still a third world pre-industrial country, did not possess either the industrial depth or width to produce the entire gamut of electronics required to facilitate this change of focus in fourth generation aircraft. Additionally, the need to be “indigenous” was born in an era before the collapse of the USSR, when India was subject to severe technology transfer restrictions, which were rapidly and progressively lifted after US President Bill Clinton’s visit in 1999. In short, by the time the very first Tejas flight came around in 2001, the rationale to be light and indigenous had both evaporated. More significantly, 18 years on, we still haven’t internalised these changes or learnt from our mistakes. Rooting for a ‘deeply flawed’ AMCA While Britain is moving forward with a sixth-generation aircraft, India is pondering rudimentary and deeply flawed designs for a fifth generation Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft, despite being so far behind the technology curve. Why is AMCA flawed? For starters, much like the Tejas, the AMCA seems to focus on paradigms of combat that have long since been bypassed. Defence and foreign policy expert Pushan Das and I had written about this extensively in 2015. A summary of the findings from our analysis are as follows: 1) Too much emphasis on engine thrust and thrust vectoring despite close-range air combat having moved away from G force manoeuvring to get into an attack position to Angle of Attack, which emphasises maintaining power and recovery from a steep manoeuvre. 2) A continuing emphasis on kinetics as opposed to understanding that a fifth generation aircraft is essentially a computer in the air, able to cut short the processing time, and reduce the ‘detect to kill chain’ (the time taken between detecting and killing an aircraft – essentially the ability to detect first and shoot first, and in the case of stealth, hopefully avoid being detected) by several tens of seconds (the difference between life and death). 3) The lack of emphasis on deep networking with other detection and attack assets, which form the basis of the fifth generation combat that allow it to hand over time-critical information to assets that may be better positioned or equipped to fire the first shot. 4) No thought was given to a new range of smaller but long-range weapons to be carried in sufficient numbers concealed within the body of the aircraft. 5) No thought was given to conformal sensors that blended into the aircraft’s body or new materials like cockpit canopies that allow the pilot to look outside but prevent radars from detecting the cockpit (which is a major problem as it is not stealthed up like the rest of the aircraft’s body) or frequency selective radome materials that perform the same function for the radar (allow the radar to function unimpeded, while preventing the radar’s flat surface from being detected by other radars). 6) A range chart that seemed horrendously muddled, implying that the twin-engine AMCA would cover the same range in twice the amount of fuel that an F-35 would with half the fuel. Given these serious conceptualisation flaws that do not bode well from a project and risk management point of view, besides the industrial supply chain problems inherent in the Tejas, we now run a very high risk of chasing another white elephant. It’s one thing that the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) did not learn anything from its failures — natural given it is a public sector undertaking with no accountability or risk. But the Indian Air Force’s failure to internalise these lessons after so many crashes and deaths and capability shortages is simply appalling. .Read more at India No 1 Defence News Website .

    Postpaid mobiles active in Valley, no Net for now


    Tribune News Service

    Srinagar, October 14

    After 70 days of communication blockade, postpaid mobile services were restored in the Valley today. People were seen calling up friends and relatives as the service was reactivated around 11.45 am.

    “I finally managed to call my sister in Delhi after 70 days. She broke down on hearing my voice,” said Imtiyaz Ahmad, a local.

    Chaos was witnessed at offices of mobile operators where people queued up for new connections or clearing bills. On October 12, government spokesperson Rohit Kansal had said services would resume on Monday noon, adding there were 40 lakh postpaid subscribers.

    There is, however, no word on restoration of prepaid services. The Internet blockade imposed on August 5 remains.

    To tackle UAV threat, BSF to buy anti-drone system

    To tackle UAV threat, BSF to buy anti-drone system

    The BSF has started sensitising the border residents about the need to identify drones.

    Anirudh Gupta

    Ferozepur, October 14

    In order to combat the threat posed by unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) from across the border, the BSF will soon purchase a ground-based anti-drone system with a 360-degree surveillance mode equipped with radio frequency receiver, electronic-optical sensor and a jammer.

    Sources said the tenders for the system would be floated soon. The easily deployable anti-drone equipment will be able to work day and night and able to detect multiple drones simultaneously.

    In addition to procuring the state-of-the-art system, the BSF has also stepped up vigil and devised several other counter measures to deal with air intrusions in future.

    “We had fired on the drones when these were sighted last time. Since then, no drone has been seen,” said a BSF official, adding that the troops manning the border had been directed to scan the skies regularly.

    Rubbishing recent reports of the force ‘getting a nod’ to bring down the drones, the official said the option of opening fire in any such exigency was already available to them and was being exercised.

    The sources said in places like Ferozepur and Amritsar where the cantonment was located close to the border, the drones were also used for tactical surveillance.

    Apart from boosting its technological prowess, the BSF has also started sensitising the border residents about the need to identify drones or flying objects.

    According to information, the Central and state security and intelligence agencies have also evolved a joint strategy to deal with any such misadventure along the border.

    Though there have been no sightings of drones in the past few days, the security agencies are working out a strategy to prevent any possibility of arms and drug smuggling through the UAVs.

    Last week, Punjab DGP Dinkar Gupta had also convened a meeting of various security establishments, including the Air Force, Military Intelligence, BSF, Intelligence Bureau, NIA besides other intelligence agencies.

    The meeting was called following the seizure of a huge cache of arms, satellite phones and grenades from the modules backed by Pakistan-based handlers of Khalistan Zindabad Force which were dropped by drones.


    Guru Nanak: Teachings transcend time



    Roopinder Singh

    “All are creatures of God and His creation.” This kernal from Guru Nanak Dev’s composition comes to mind again and again as we see a world divided by man-made divisions, even as we, the people of the world, fail to recognise and identify with the essential unity that is the very core of our being. By failing to acknowledge the oneness of creating, we seek to carve out distinctions that exist only in the corners of our minds dominated by avarice and ignorance.

    The sub-continent, as it existed five-and-a-half centuries ago, was ridden with strife. It was divided into two distinct and mutually antagonistic religious persuasions — pan-Hinduism and Islam. These were by no means homogenous: within each group were separate strands and various shades of persuasion.

    When the fight was between “my way to my God” is better than “your way to your God,” the Guru declared that there was only one God, though there were many ways to reach Him.

    Yet, the world continues to build walls to keep out fellow beings. Tribalism toxically combines itself with nationalism to deny succour to those who need it the most. We forget our humanity during the times  that we really need it. People continue to be discriminated against, persecuted, and even killed in the name of religion.

    It is time to reiterate what the Guru said: “There is no Hindu, no Mussalman,” all are creatures of God.

    Spreading the Word

    Guru Nanak travelled far and wide, met people and had discourses and discussions with the learned and the lay. The wide interaction that he had with them allowed him to spread the Word, to get across his point of view. The Janamsakhis refer to an incident in Multan. The local religious leaders came to him with a bowl full of milk, signifying that their cup of spiritual masters was full. The Guru placed a flower on it, which floated, spreading fragrance without displacing the milk.

    Much of what we know about the Guru comes from the Janamsakhis, written long after he had left the world, but very much the oral tradition till then, and even after. It is these life-stories that illustrate the life of the Guru.  We marvel at how much he travelled in over two decades — to Tibet in the north, to Sri Lanka in the south, Saudi Arabia in the west and Bangladesh in the east.

    The local religious leaders came to him with a bowl full of milk, signifying that their cup of spiritual masters was full. The Guru placed a flower on it, which floated, spreading fragrance without displacing the milk.
    Families became the building blocks of the new agricultural commune in which people prayed together and attended to their worldly duties during the day. Kartarpur became the concrete expression of the application of the Guru’s teachings.
    Guru Nanak was unsparing in his criticism of those who lost their bearings due to a feeling of power. Disgusted with the society around him, he described it as one in which the rulers were like lions, with their officials behaving like dogs.

    On equality

    Even as we look at the chasm between the haves and have-nots that has given rise to the 2011 Occupy movements highlighting the wealth gap and advocating social and economic justice, it might be easy to believe that this is something new. Not really. Such a situation existed for centuries, only the two categories were the rulers and the ruled. At that time the Guru spoke of equality and showed how people could live together.

    In Eminabad, Gujranwala, now in Pakistan, he chose to identify with the poor, as is illustrated in the instance where he decided to partake of the hospitality of a carpenter called Laloo, rather than the local grandee, Malik Bhago. The latter was riled, until the Guru showed the importance of honest labour as contrasted with exploitative accumulation. Gurdwara Khuhi Bhai Lalo marks the place.

    The concept of vand chakna, of sharing what you have, is central to the Sikh ethos. The stress on sharing rather than hoarding has withstood continuing attacks from avarice and greed.

    On women

    The Guru was at odds with what was a prevalent notion of the position of women in society at the time — he maintained that women are worthy of praise and equal to men. His compositions highlight the role of women in families. He strongly disapproves of the practice of sutak, or impurity, attributed to women due to their physiological differences, as a result of which they were banned from participating in family and religious functions during such times. The Guru encouraged the active participation of women as equals in the worship of God. And in society, he created space for them within the prevalent patriarchal system.

    Sangat and pangat

    Families became the building blocks of the new agricultural commune in which people prayed together and attended to their worldly duties during the day. Kartarpur became the concrete expression of the application of the Guru’s teachings.

    Guru Nanak came out strongly against all artificially created divisions and all discrimination, both in word and deed. “The caste of a person is what he does,” he maintained and set out to dissolve differences through the institutions of sangat and pangat.

    You don’t have to imagine a world where everyone is welcome; it exists in the sangat. Equality and egalitarianism are visible as everyone sits down together in a pangat for the langar. Guru Nanak’s mother, Mata Tripta, and his wife, Mata Sulakhni, were active in the seva of langar. The role of Mata Khivi, the wife of Guru Nanak’s successor, Guru Angad Dev, who lived with him at Kartarpur, has been recorded by the bards, Rai Baiwant and Satta.

    Resisting autocrats

    How easy it is for those conferred with responsibility to devolve into autocrats. Guru Nanak was unsparing in his criticism of those who lost their bearings due to a feeling of power. Disgusted with the society around him, he described it as one in which the rulers were like lions, with their officials behaving like dogs. Human behaviour seldom changes markedly.

    What Guru Nanak said then about the rulers and the ruled, unfortunately, applies too often in today’s world as well: “Greed and sin have become the king and the minister. Falsehood is the local governor. Lust is the deputy with whom consultations are held.”

    How does one protect oneself from adopting such an attitude? The antidote to hubris is seva, serving strangers. This is a significant concept in the Sikh way of life. Seva gives life some meaning and adds to the core moral strength of a person. We see people performing seva at gurdwaras, and at various social occasions. Inculcating that attitude in one’s life, however, is another matter.

    Guru’s compositions

    In Guru Granth Sahib, we find Guru Nanak’s bani — 974 shabads composed in 19 ragas. The most popular one is, of course, Japji. The first stanzas comprise what is popularly called the Mulmantra.

    “There is one God,
    Eternal Truth is His Name,
    He is the Sole Creator.
    He knoweth no fear;
    Is at enmity with no one.
    His being is timeless and formless.
    He is not incarnate.
    He is self-existent. Attainable
    He is through the grace,
    Of the Guru, the Enlightener.” 

    The Mulmantra forms the creedal or formal statement of Sikh religious thought, its essence. Other popular banis include Asa di Var, Bara Mah, Sidh Gosht and Aarti. Here are the opening stanzas of the Aarti, written at Jagannath Puri:

    “The sky is the salver
    And the sun and the moon the lamps
    The luminous stars on the heavens are the pearls.
    Scented air from the sandal-clad hills is the incense
    The winds make a whisk for you,
    And the vast forests wreaths of flowers.
    The unstuck music is the trumpet.
    Thus goes on the Aarti for you,
    O you dispeller of doubt and fear.”

    The Guru’s compositions contain truths that pertain not only to the religious aspect of our lives, but also social and family matters, things that have been ordinarily considered outside the purview of religion.

    The 550 years since the birth of Guru Nanak have been eventful. Even as we look at how much the world has changed materially, the spiritual evolution of mankind still lacks the moral and ethical underpinnings of a true utopia. Thus, the need for a religious, ethical and moral compass that the Guru’s bani provides us.

    Religion for the Guru embraced the worldly aspects of human existence. More than ever, at times like this we need his teachings. The founder of Sikhism set out to give a message of universal unity. He waged a battle against ignorance by appealing to the fundamentally good nature of human beings. Guru Nanak travelled far and wide in search of interaction with like-minded people, and to spread the Word. No wonder that his followers span the world, and are getting ready to gather at Kartarpur to celebrate 550 years of his birth.

    Post ‘protests’, BSF may get nod to participate in R-Day parade

    Post ‘protests’, BSF may get nod to participate in R-Day parade

    Participating in R-Day parade is a matter of pride for the forces.

    New Delhi, October 14

    Following “protests” by the Border Security Force (BSF) against non-inclusion of its marching contingent in the Republic Day parade event next year, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) today indicated it was re-considering its order.

    Sources said the MHA, in its order earlier this month, had said that only the marching and band contingents of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) and Delhi Police would be part of the Republic Day parade next year. It asked the BSF to send only its camel contingent and camel-mounted band team.

    Sources in the MHA said after the order was issued, the BSF took up the matter with the ministry, “which was now being reviewed”. 

    Sources in the BSF said despite all preparations, the force’s marching contingent was not given a slot in this year’s parade too. The Republic Day parade is an esteemed event and troops and officers of various uniformed forces take pride in showcasing their ceremonial best at the event that showcases the defence, security, development and cultural prowess of the country.

    The about 2.5 lakh personnel strong BSF is tasked to guard India’s terror and infiltration-prone border with Pakistan, the crime-sensitive frontier with Bangladesh and is also deployed to render a number of tasks in the internal security domain of the country. — TNS