Sanjha Morcha

What’s New

Click the heading to open detailed news
  • Current Events :

    Print Media Defence Related News

    Outrage over mutilation, gloom in Haryana village

    Kurukshetra/Jammu, Oct 29

    It was his (Mandeep’s) duty, he has done it. He sacrificed his life. We should give a befitting reply to Pakistan. — Mandeep’s father

    The barbaric incident at the Line of Control in Kashmir in which the body of an Army jawan was mutilated after being killed by terrorists, aided by the cover fire by Pakistan army, sparked an outrage today even as a pall of gloom descended on his native village in Haryana.Union Minister Jitendra Singh condemned the mutilation of the soldier’s body as “atrocious”, while senior Congress leader Manish Tewari called it “depraved behaviour”.At Sepoy Mandeep Singh’s Antehri village in Kurukshetra, his family demanded that Pakistan be taught a lesson for harbouring terrorists while former Army officers expressed their sadness. His brother Sandeep Singh demanded  10 Pakistani heads for the price of one.(Follow The Tribune on Facebook; and Twitter @thetribunechd)“These are acts of cowardice and are happening at a time of desperation on the part of the Pakistan army as well as Islamabad,” minister Jitendra Singh said.“I am very sad being a soldier. It is a very sad mentality to take your anger on an injured or dead person,” said Maj Gen BC Khanduri (retd).Former Army Chief General JJ Singh (retd) said it reflected the “barbarism” of the Pakistan army. “India should tell the whole world what Pakistan is doing. Particularly with India, we honoured their fallen soldiers who they had abandoned. They should be grateful to us forever. How uncivilised they are…” he said. — Agencies

    Army says 4 Pak posts destroyed in massive assault

    SRINAGAR/NEW DELHI: The Army said on Saturday it destroyed four Pakistani posts in a “massive” assault across the Line of Control in north Kashmir’s Kupwara district amid mounting tension over the mutilation of an Indian soldier’s body by militants.

    “Four Pakistani posts were destroyed in a massive fire assault in Keran sector,” an army official said. Heavy casualties have been inflicted on the Pakistani side, he said, without elaborating. The Indian strike is seen as a retaliation to ceasefire violations by Pakistani troops in the Keran sector earlier in the day.

    The de-facto border with Pakistan has remained tense since a militant attack on an army camp at Uri in Jammu and Kashmir in September left 19 soldiers dead. India retaliated by carrying out “surgical strikes” across the LoC to destroy several militant launch pads in Pakistanoccupied Kashmir. NEW DELHI: Amid continuing ceasefire violations by Pakistani troops along the LoC, home minister Rajnath Singh on Saturday assured the nation that security forces were giving “befitting reply” to firing from across the border and that the country will not bow down before anyone. “I want to assure the nation that the security forces are giving befitting reply to the firing from Pakistan. We will not bow down before anyone,” he told reporters here.

    JeM backed by Pak army may be behind jawan’s mutilation

    NEW DELHI: Intelligence agencies suspect Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) militants, backed by Pakistani Army, to be behind the killing and mutilation of 17 Sikh battalion sepoy Mandeep Singh at Machhil sector on Friday evening, even as high alert has been sounded along the Line of Control (LoC) for more BAT action by terrorists for the remaining of 2016.

    Sepoy Singh of 53 Independent Brigade was part of a patrol that left its base in Machhil sector at 4pm on Friday and was ambushed around 7.45pm by the JeM terrorists with Pakistani army providing fire cover for nearly four hours, sources said.

    The Pakistani army pounded Indian positions from 4pm and continued till 8pm to facilitate BAT action by JeM terrorists. A Pakistani terrorist was gunned down by the Indian forces in retaliation but his body has not been recovered.

    Top government sources said some 250-300 terrorists of both JeM and largely Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) are waiting deep beyond the launching pads to infiltrate across the LoC.

    Indian security establishment has discussed the possibility of a BAT action by Pakistani terrorists along the LoC after September 28-29 surgical strikes by Indian special forces in PakistanOccupied Kashmir (PoK).

    Indian army chief Gen Dalbir Singh had alerted the Northern Command on the possibility of such action.

    Post the surgical strikes, one army trooper, three BSF soldiers and three civilians have been killed in cross border and LoC firing and mortar shelling by Pakistani Army.

    Nineteen personnel of the security forces and 41 civilians have been injured in the unprovoked firing and shelling that has affected more than 150 villages along the international border in Jammu.

    The Pakistani focus on 125 Hindu-dominated villages in Jammu has killed one person and injured another nine from the minority community.

    Home ministry reports indicate all the 101 BSF/army posts have been targeted by Pakistani army since September 28-29 with Uri and Machhil sector being pounded by enemy mortars since the surgical strikes. The Pakistani army is firing across the IB and LoC with heavy machine guns and 82-inch mortars to facilitate infiltration by pinning down Indian security forces.

    Do You Know Your Defense Forces? FAQs: On the Constitutional Status of Defense Forces?

    Do You Know Your Defense Forces? FAQs: On the Constitutional Status of Defense Forces?

     Question No 1. Military veterans seems to be always agitated on issues like pay, pension and allowances. Why is it? Are they depressed or greedy? 
    Military veterans vocal on electronic, print and social media or agitating on Jantar Mantar airing their concerns on many issues concerning military, are neither depressed nor greedy. Soldiers of Indian army give more preference to service to nation and democracy than money. There are certain pressure points which govts after govts have not only ignored since 1973, but are creating more reasons for agitations.
    As for as public is concerned, in independent India it is happening for the first time, that in last 5-6 years military veterans have taken the course of agitation on key issues in public domain creating ripples in minds of common man creating such false impressions. The issues are pending with govt since 1973 and now the patience of soldiers is at breaking point.
    Question No 2. But why shall Govt show such apathetic attitude towards soldiers? Soldiers defend nation and render great service and politicians, babus and govt are surely aware of it? 
    It puzzles solders too. Why such apathetic attitude towards soldiers? Serving soldiers do not have unions or lobbies like civilians. They always had blind trust in govt but in 1973 they were delivered a serious blow when their status, pay, pensions and allowances were reduced drastically by 3rd pay commission and that of civilians raised.  It created serious imbalance and that too once soldiers had delivered an unprecedented and historic military victory in 1971 war.  Instead of award, soldiers were punished. It never happens like that. It is a sure way of killing the high moral of a victorious army setting a wrong precedence.
    Soldiers have a system of reporting their problems to their commanding officers, who then report the matter to services HQ at Delhi. Military Chiefs then take up matter with the govt. Soldiers followed the same system and had trust in the ability of their chiefs and Govt. Naturally such serious imbalance created by 3rd pay commission were reported to Govt through proper channels. Then PM Indra Gandhi assured Military Chiefs of resolution of their problems but it never happened.
    Since 1973. chiefs after chiefs have kept reporting the matter to Govt. Govts after Govts have kept assuring soldiers about resolution of their problems but without any solution in sight. Rather various political parties have used frustration of soldiers for petty vote bank politics. It has now created a situation wherein soldiers have lost trust in ability of military chiefs to get solution and started doubting the intentions and seriousness of Govts to deliver justice forcing them to came on street and social media bringing matters into the notice of public. After in all in democracy people are supreme. It is surely not a healthy sign for the democracy. It has also created problem within military where abilities of top leaderships to effectively communicate with govt are now being questioned?
    Question 3. Still why is Govt not serious? Soldiers on street in democracy is a frightening scene? 
    It is surprising for soldiers too. Why is govt not serious? Why are political parties only interested in using frustration of soldiers for votes? Ignoring the problem without giving any justification is like adding the fuel to fire. Unfortunately, such apathy is creating impressions that corrupt politician- babu nexus has no time for serious issues of the nation and soldiers demand for justice is no exception. Look around, justice system has collapsed, govt administration is totally rusted, corruption rules everywhere, parliament has become defunct, proxy govts rule, no political party has internal democracy, funding channels are kept secret, banking is overburdened with NPAs, gap between poor and rich are widening, farmers are committing suicide. A situation of hopelessness exists. It looks politics has become a profession of employment for failed people who are only interested in loot and plunder. Babus, banks, judiciary, some crony businessmen and temple priests, have joined hands with corrupt politicians to create a mafia. Naturally such mafia has no time and sensitivity for soldiers and justice or what else could be the reason?
    Indian soldiers are sensitive, committed to constitution and responsible people. Soldiers know that in the given situation of hopelessness, if they also come on street, as it happens in other countries, it will deliver a death blow to the nation. Naturally so, military veterans have taken the responsibility to communicate with “we the people” who are supreme in democracy, keeping the threshold of agitation well below acceptable limits so that the situation doesn’t explode.
    Questions 4. What are the major demands of soldiers? 
    The major demands of soldiers are:
    1. Status of soldiers as given in the constitution be respected.

    2. Accordingly, serious imbalances and disparities between compensation model of soldiers and other govt civil employees be removed based on best HR practices taking into account the average career earnings including pension  benefits.

    Question 5.  What are the constitutional provisions for the executive authority of the military? 
    Constitutional military executive authority of the soldiers comes out of the following articles:
    1. Article 18;- respects the “Title of Ranks” of Soldiers even after his death. Soldiers never retire. Title of Ranks never die.
    2. Article 34:- Gives military a political executive authority to intervene by declaring martial law only to restore democracy.  In India parliamentary democracy is supreme. This article makes Indian military as soldiers totally committed to democracy and “we the people”. There may be situation where state fails to govern as per constitution or parliament is unable to function due to any reasons or rise of a civilian dictator endangers democracy or external/ internal aggression endangers it . In such situations constitution makes obligatory on military authorities to intervene to protect and restore democracy. Baba Saheb Ambedkar was a very wise man. He could sense that in independent India, probability of rise of civilian dictators are more than rise of a military dictator. He therefore under this article, entrusted military a role of silent and invisible custodian of Indian democracy.  History of independent India is testimony to the fact that Baba Saheb was right. Military has been loyal to constitution and we the people whereas Indra tried to become dictator declaring unconstitutional emergency. Military did play its role to protect democracy, when then Army Chief cautioned Indra to remain within limits of constitution. In fact emergency was lifted as all three chiefs wrote a top secret letter to Indra Gandhi advising her to lift emergency and call for elections. Probably this is right time the content of this letter shall be disclosed to public.
    3. Article 52 read clubbed with Article 74:- The sovereign authority of govt is vested in the President who wears two distinct hats. One of being head of civil political govt and other of supreme commander of defense forces. These two roles of the president are independent. Under this article the hard and soft national powers are identified and constitutionally divided. While the democracy under the pre-dominance of soft power functions under the leadership of Prime Minister and his cabinet, the total command authority over the hard power of military is denied to him/her. Baba Saheb was a visionary and had deep knowledge of Indian history. He wisely so separated national hard power from the national soft power. Baba Saheb knew if PM or defense minister are given total command authority over military it will give rise to many civilian dictators.  Therefore under this article if read clubbed with article 74, the political direction to military comes from cabinet headed by PM, administrative support comes from ministry of defense and military retains the authority and freedom to take military executive decisions and that is the reason precisely military is an attached organisation to the political govt. Constitutionally, military can not be subordinate to PM and his cabinet as President who is senior to PM is its head and also PM is not given command of military. In Indian democracy where PM exercises executive political authority and President is constitutional head of military, services HQ can only be integrated with civil govt and can not be merged as is the case in USA.

    4. Co-relation of Article 34 on Article 52 and 74. Articles 52 and 74 do not take away the authority as vested in supreme commander of defense forces and military commanders as Silent and Invisible Custodians of Indian Democracy. There could be situation where advice of PM (aspiring to become a dictator) and his cabinet to President could be detrimental to democracy. Under article 52 and article 74, president is left with no choice except to accept their advice after one review however under article 34 supreme commander of defense forces or military commanders can exercise military authority as vested in them only to defend constitution and democracy.

    Question 6. Constitutionally, what are the roles of the defense forces? 


    If seen in the backdrop of above constitutional provisions, the roles of Indian Defense Forces are:

    1. Primary Role. To defend Indian Constitution and democracy against any of the following threats:

    a. Any external aggression or threat in any form on the geo-political and economic interests of India, territories under the political control of Indian Govt and Indian constitution. The external threat may not be always in form of military invasions. It may appear in form of externally abetted political assassinations,  cyber or economic wars, threatening geo-poltical alliances or posturing etc.

    b. Any internal threat endangering functioning of the constitution and democracy which may be in forms of armed rebellion or political takeover by a civilian dictator.

    2. Secondary Role. To assist civil administration in maintenance of law and order and in case of natural calamities, disasters and disturbances only when requisitioned.

    Please note that defenses forces can act in their secondary roles only when requisitioned. However for preforming their primary roles, no such orders or requisition are required. However as long as an elected political govt under parliamentary democracy is functioning, defense forces will always seek their political directions before any action. In case such govt seize to exist or nuke attacks have obliterated such govt or a civilian dictator has taken over violating constitution or any state govt has rebelled or any armed rebellion has seized any part of territory/ govt administration, defense forces will act under the military authority as vested in them to protect constitution and shall not wait for any political directions.

    Question 7. What are the constitutional provisions for the status and service conditions of the Defense forces?

    Chapter 14 of the constitution deals with “Services of the Union and States”. Though defense forces are created under articles 34 and 52, but their service conditions are constitutionally governed under this chapter. Relevant article are as under:
    1. Article 309 empowers parliament to make legislation for the service conditions of various public services including defense forces.
     2. Article 310 Makes provisions for the tenure of all commissioned officers of the defense forces personals and civilian gazetted officers to be at pleasure of president. This article mentions various govt services in order of their seniority in terms of constitutional status. Officers of the defense forces are first in the seniority even ahead of civil services of the union (discontinued after independence) and All India Services (IAS, IPS, IRS, IFS etc).
    Articles 311- 323 under the chapter deal with various safeguards provided to civil services and forming of Public Service Commissions.
    Legal provisions for withdrawal of Pleasure of President in respect to officers of the  defense forces differ from the civil officers which  for defenses forces are further given in respective services acts, rules and also regulations.
    Under article 309, various civil services acts for giving various service conditions in details like IAS acts and rules or IPS acts and rules have been framed. However in relation to defense services Govt and Parliament has chosen to remain silent and adhocism has been created. Absence of act and rules for service conditions of defense forces in detail as mandated under article 309, is the root cause of soldiers grievances. Present Defense Acts and Rules deal more with the discipline aspect of forces. The defense regulations are customs of Monarchy. India is a democracy and defense forces shall not be administered under adhoc regulations.
    Question 8.  How are officers in defense forces appointed and how does their oath differ from a civil servant?

    Officers of the defense forces in addition to being gazetted, are also commissioned officers. The word “commission” is mentioned in the parchment given to them at the time of their commissioning wherein they take oath of allegiance not only to the constitution as taken by civil officers but also to obey lawful command of their superior officer up in the chain of command after due observations to it being a lawful in accordance with laws of regular army.

    Under this observed obedience of lawful command, duty to defend the constitution is inherent. Civilians including PM and Govt Ministers take oath of allegiance to the constitution and not to defend constitution? Few key aspect which shall be noted in appointments of defense officers are :

    1. The parchment of commission is given under the printed signatures of the President authenticated by a Military General and not by any civil officer.
    2. In parchment of commission, the President uses the word “ME” and not “MY GOVT” as he uses in Parliament, because the authority of military command is absolute in nature and is vested in him as supreme commander of the defense forces. Such power legally can not be delegated to any other authority. Provisions of article 74, therefore do not apply on military authority and chain of command. Army laws make nature of command legally very clear.  In case of confusion of political directions for military between President and PM, defense forces are obliged to follow orders of supreme commanders of defense forces and not PM.
    3. Officers of defense forces take oath to serve anywhere in world and space, where ever they could be send by land, air and sea beyond the territories of India and where even the Indian laws do not apply? They enforce the sovereign authority of the state not only within national territories but beyond.
    4. Officers are suppose to follow such orders of command which are lawful in nature. Legal validity of orders are decided by officer himself interpreting these under the law. Commissioned officers are therefore expected to use their judgment to decide legality of the orders and all illegal orders he is expected to disobey. In case commissioned officers obey illegal orders, they carry liability of criminal prosecution.
    5. Officers of the defense forces by virtue of being commissioned officers, are vested with following powers
    a. Military executive authority not only to impose its will using military force on any entity but also to the extend of forming govts. Military Govt in India were formed in Hyderabad, Goa and Junagarh once these were liberated and also in Bangaldesh and Jaffna Sri Lanka.
    b. Judicial powers to not only give punishments to the extend of death sentence, but in certain situations confirm and execute it without any reference to any court, govt and president.
    c. Powers of Magistrates are exercised by defense forces in aid to civil authority. Officers of the rank of NCOs and above  exercise such powers. Whereas in case of civil these are not below gazetted officers.
    d Military Authority to command troops. Military functions based on unique concept of command.
    e. Administrative powers like any civilian officers.
    It could be seen from above that all functions of state for which a civil govt has different organs, in case of military are vested in commissioned officers.
    Question 9. It seems somewhat confusing? General Impressions are that constitutionally IAS officers are Masters of Indian Destiny and they are even superior than other sister services like IPS, IRS and IFS? 

    AnswerIf seen in backdrop of article 310, that is not correct. Over a period of time IAS officers have taken advantage of their certain appointments and closeness to politicians. Corrupt, greedy and insecure politicians have obliged them, as in elections IAS officers are appointed returning officers responsible to check validity of their nomination papers, their election canvassing activities and spending of funds. In fact it is this appointment which makes them a kind of masters of Indian Elections. It is the IAS officer as DM, who announces results of vote counting. When in multi corner elections where victory margins are thin, such officers naturally can oblige politicians. It is this relationship between politicians and IAS officers which has given unjustified advantage to IAS. In most of the democracy. No civil servant is given the responsibility of being a returning officer. In US, civil servants only oversee checks over political spending, in Pakistan, these are judicial officers who are nominated as returning officers. The present practice is harmful to Indian Democracy and parliament must take note of it? 

    Nevertheless constitutionally, following shall answer the question about the correct position on the standing of officers of defense forces with officers of IAS and other All India Services :

    Comparison of Constitutional Status of Defense Officers and IAS including Officers  of All India Services

    1. Sovereign Executive Military Authority is an exclusive domain of military officers exercised through powers and chain of command. Under such authority nations are destroyed or made. Political directions for military actions at macro levels are given by elected govt in a functional democracy. Under article 34 defense forces have been made silent and invisible custodian of Indian democracy with a responsibility to keep it intact. No such powers in civil domain to any civil officer.

    2. Authority to form political Govt is an exclusive domain of political civil Govt in a functional democracy on mandate of ‘we the people’. However in certain situations with approval of elected civil political authorities and if it doesn’t exist then own its own, officers of the defense officers form a political govt in any external captured territory and anywhere within the country. Examples are when military formed Govts in Haydrabad, Goa and Junagarh within the country and in Bangladesh and Jaffna; Sri Lanka abroad. Such govt can be led by any military officer or any other person so authorized by responsible military commander.  Adjutant General of the Army HQ is responsible for the subject. Only officers of the rank of Brigadier and above are authorized to declare formation of such govt. That is the reason rank of Brigadier was and should be equated with the appointment of secretary of Govt of India. Same is the practice world over in most democracies. No such authority is vested in any of the officers of all India services. All civil officers serve under the command of military commanders under the military govts.

    3. Judicial Powers Any commissioned officer can be nominated to the military court as a Judge. Military officers of the rank of Captain and above exercise judicial powers of a session judge and can give death sentences.  In case of SGCM, an officer of the rank of Captain and above can nominate himself as judge and can give death sentence in a summary trial. He in this case can also confirm the sentence given by himself on behalf of president and give orders for its execution without reference to any court and civil authority. No right of appeal is given to the accused. Military Laws can be made applicable to civilians either by notification by central govt or under martial laws. Legal validity of the courts formed under martial laws has the sanction of Supreme Court. No such powers or authority is held by any officer of the all India services.

    4. Powers of Magistrate.   Powers of magistrate is more of a civilian concept when a civilian officer is given part of executive authority of the state by virtue of he/her holding an appointment or given for a period. Military works on the concept of command where executive powers of state are inherent in powers of command of Military officers by virtue of holding commission or authority to exercise such powers. In case of military, powers of command are given down to NCO levels. In aid to civil authority military Non Commissioned Officers, has the powers to order fire.  Such orders in case of civil can only be given by a Civil magistrate. These powers are not inherent as is the case of military officers. IAS officers exercise powers of magistrate as returning officers for an election. It is this appointment which gives advantage to them to illegally oblige politicians and makes them powerful over others.

    5. Administrative Powers   Exercised as authorized by defense officers as well as officers of all India services.

    Please note,  IAS officers or other officers of all India services exercise executive powers of state only when they have powers of magistrate or holding a specified appointment where as executive authority of the state are inherent to all commissioned officers by virtue of they holding  commission on behalf of President. Nature of job of officers of all India services is more as administrative whereas in case of defense officers it is pre-dominantly executive. That is the reason article 310, puts officers of defense forces in senior most order than officers of all India services and other civil services. Yes it is also true constitutionally that IAS officer have no legal standing to claim seniority or preference over IPS, IRS or IFS. They present superior status is illegal and has been created with help of politicians as they are the only one who can become returning officers to conduct elections.

    Question 10. The word defending the constitution are neither mentioned in Oath and Nor in commission parchment, then how are officers of the defense forces responsible for the defending the constitution?

    Oath of President of India has two key words. One “upholding the constitutions” and other defending it?  President takes the oath to defend constitution as supreme commander of the defense forces and the only means to defend constitution, he has are the defense forces. He therefore passes his authority to officers of the defense forces in form of commission. It is through this commission the officers of defense forces become responsible for defending the constitution by military force following lawful command. Article 34 also makes it obligatory on part of the defense forces to defend constitution.
    Question 10. Civil Political Govt has authority and freedom to decide what shall be status of the defense officers and how shall they be paid? Why shall defense officers and soldiers crib?
    Govt of the day is formed and functions under the broad constitutional framework. No govt or babu is above constitution and they are expected to work within the space as provided. Since 1973 govt are taking certain unconstitutional decisions and downgrading status and compensations of the the defense forces. The same is highly objectionable. Defense forces have been so far maintaining the decorum and trying to argue reason with the govt. Unfortunately the same is not yielding the result and no answers are coming from the govt?  That is main reason military veterans have taken to social media and streets.
    Questions 11. Why shall Govt give answers to the military? It is communicating its decisions? Where is the problem in it? 
    India is a democracy and not autocracy. Govts are answerable to the people and parliament. In case of military they need to explain reasons as by law military is not expected to obey unlawful orders. Soldiers have certain of their fundamental rights restricted it doesn’t mean they lose all other rights of a being Indian citizens? Govt carry a responsibility to reason out their grievances? It is demand of democracy.
    Question 12. Why is military not going to court? After all it is an attached organisation to the govt and maintains its own identity? 
    Defense forces surly have such options open but not exercising showing respect to democracy and hoping  that some day wisdom will prevail. After all military going against an elected govt in court might cause serious problems to the democracy. Yes some serving officers and military veterans are taking some lead but the same is also not a healthy sign.
    Question 13. What are the main grievances? Can same be elaborated? 
    Same were explained above in answer to question 4. The same is again elaborated here:
    1. Considering various articles 18, 34, 52, 309 and 310 of the constitution and their authority, powers of command, roles and functions, officers of defense forces have a constitutional status and the same is superior to the senior most civil services that is IAS. Article 310 makes it very clear. Equating commissioned officers inferior to police and higher than homewards is surely humiliating. Since 1973 defense forces are actually under systematic attack from political establishment for marginalizing them. The same is likely to create a serious imbalance in power structure of the country in total violation of constitution which is fraught with serious consequences.
    2. On the eve of Independence, first Govt under PM Nehru in fact had realized the problem and on recommendations of a committee, respecting constitutional status of the defense officers, certain principle of parity were laid down. The same were:
    a. The status of officers of defense forces will be superior to civil services; IAS.
    b. Seniority protocol between commissioned officers and IAS shall be decided based on length of service and not on the basis of rank of defense officers.
    c. Compensation packages in terms of total average career take home including pension of defense forces shall be higher than civil. In case of defense officers more than IAS.
    3. The above thumb rule as made under Nehru govt, respected the constitution. It was in 1973, in lust to be a dictator, Indra Gandhi tweaked above policy and cut their status and compensation drastically. The process which she started is still continuing? Now the situation is that in terms of status, defense forces are being equated to Grade B civil officers and their average career take homes are less than police and above home guard?
    4. The real unrest is not OROP or some allowances here or there. Real issue is question of disparity and serious imbalances in total disregard to constitutional status of the soldiers. If a MP is respected as MP, if president is respected as president, if judges are respected as judges all as per status given in constitution than why are soldiers not being respected their constitutional status? Degrading soldiers in total disregards to constitution is nothing but direct attack on Constitution.
    Question 14. PM Modi seems to be serious in resolving the issues, then why are soldiers still agitating?
    Soldiers had lots of hope in Sh N Modi as he looked sincere but actions of his govt doesn’t speak the same story. Following may please be noted:
    1. BJP promised a white paper on the problems and also formation of a military commission. In last 2 years nothing has happened on it?
    2. After BJP formed govt, their defense minister clearly said “OROP” can not be given. Soldiers are asking salary for life. That triggered agitation. Then their Home Minister tried to break the agitation using force. A RSS leader in their first ever political darbar in Delhi, in fact as reported passed instructions to present Defense Minister in a very derogatory manner “Give them something and make them quite’?   It further aggravated problem.
    3. Govt has accepted recommendations of the VII pay commission which has given a very humiliating treatment to soldiers, cutting them further in status and compensations. There are issue pending since IV, V and VI pay commissions. Nothing was addressed, rather more cuts have been implemented. It has happened for the second time, while the civilians have been given their dues, soldiers are still struggling. It is the first time in the history of India, where three services chiefs have polity declined implementation of VII pay commission till major anomalies are resolved.
    4. On issue of disability govt has created yet another controversy.
    5. Now fresh controversy over status parity has erupted in MOD, where civil officers of the Grade B are being treated much superior than commissioned officers.
    6. On all these issues, one can notice deliberate leaks and motivated article  to defame soldiers? In VII pay commission report, an attempt has been made to put down soldiers and show them as greedy.
    7. A new fund has been created for public to donate money giving and impression that as govt has no money for soldiers as nation is poor, public must pitch in donations.
    Question 15. India is poor country surly she cant not pay soldiers lavishly? 
    Who is asking that? India is a poor country then why to pay civilian govt employees so lavishly? Soldiers are asking to remove imbalances and restore their status maintaining the principle of parity in line  of constitutional status. Nehru Govt did make the rules.
    Question 16. If govt doesn’t address the problem as seen by soldiers and tries to resolve its own way then what are the consequences? 
    At first place govt shall not do that. The constitution is supreme. If govt still wishes to go ahead then better amend constitution. Make defense minister as supreme commander of defense forces, abolish article 34 and article 52 II. Amend article 310 to make defense forces junior to police forces. Make NSA as Chief of Defense Staff and stop giving commission to defense officers. Where is the problem? We live in a democracy where constitution and will of people are supreme.
    But if not done, then respect the present constitution. In any case, since independence a situation has been created now where trust of soldiers in govt as the its lowest. It is a dangerous situation. A soldier who is low in his self esteem and doesn’t trust govt will have no trust in cause of his mission and moreover he will be more worried about future, safety and security of his family? Such soldiers can only deliver defeat.  Choice is of the govt and we the people.
    Question 17. What is the way out? 
    Well the way out is known to the govt. BJP did promise a white paper and standing military commission. In fact Supreme Court has been suggesting same to govt. Twice it has happened that SC has ordered Govt to form a standing commission and then withdrawn its orders on promise of the govt. Let this commission first publish a white paper and then take a comprehensive approach to restructure the whole model keeping constitution in mind. The real issues are only two. 1. Treating soldiers as per their constitutional status and 2. accordingly structuring a compensation model.


    3,000 youth appear for Army exam

    Tribune News Service

    Srinagar, October 23

    The Army said today that more than 3,000 local youths appeared for the common entrance examination (CEE) for recruitment in the Army, thus defying the separatists’ protest calls.According to an Army statement : “After successful recruitment rallies in south Kashmir’s Anantnag and north Kashmir’s Bandipora districts from September 21 to October 3 in which 3,000 candidates appeared, the last phase of the CEE was held at Anantnag in south Kashmir today in which 412 candidates from different parts of Kashmir and Ladakh appeared.”The Army said the youths had proved that they wanted to serve the nation. The Army had assisted the aspirants to prepare for the CEE by conducting their pre-recruitment training across many parts of Kashmir.

    CBI registers FIR against NRI arms dealer in Embraer deal

    CBI registers FIR against NRI arms dealer in Embraer deal
    It is alleged that payoffs were routed through Austria and Switzerland

    New Delhi, October 21

    The CBI has registered an FIR against a UK-based arms dealer for allegedly taking kickbacks worth over USD 5.7 million from Brazilian company Embraer in the 2008 three-aircraft deal.CBI sources said a case had been registered against a UK-based NRI whose name had also figured in another defence deal probed by the agency.They said the kickbacks were allegedly paid in 2009 through subsidiaries of Embraer via a Singapore-based company owned by the middleman.

    (Follow The Tribune on Facebook; and Twitter @thetribunechd)

    It is alleged that payoffs were routed through Austria and Switzerland.They said the agency, which had registered a preliminary inquiry in September, had converted it into a regular FIR as enough prima facie material had been found by it to proceed in the case.The deal for three aircraft, which were to be used by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) for air-borne radar systems, was inked in 2008 with Embraer. A Brazilian newspaper had alleged that that the company had taken the services of middlemen to clinch deals in Saudi Arabia and India.According to defence procurement rules of India, middlemen are strictly barred in such deals.Leading Brazilian newspaper ‘Folha de Sao Paulo’ had reported that the company allegedly paid commissions to a UK-based defence agent to finalise the deal with India.The DRDO had purchased three aircraft from the company in 2008 and customised them for serving air-borne radar system known as airborne early-warning and control systems or AWACS for the Indian Air Force.The company has been under investigation by the US Justice Department since 2010 when a contract with the Dominican Republic raised the Americans’ suspicions, the report said.Since then, the investigation has widened to examine business dealings with eight more countries.After the PE was registered, Embraer had issued a statement saying, “Since 2011, Embraer has publicly reported that it has been conducting an extensive internal investigation and cooperating with the authorities on investigations regarding alleged violations of the FCPA.“The company voluntarily expanded the scope of the investigation, systematically reporting the progress of the case to the market.”“The company is not party of the legal proceedings in Brazil. Therefore, it does not have access to the information contained therein,” it had said. PTI

    Post-strike excitement Invocation of Israel may fritter away gains

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been unsparing in his efforts to imbed in the country’s consciousness political ownership of the army’s action to avenge the Uri strikes. As part of that drive, the government and the BJP have shouted down any suggestions to the contrary despite occasional spanners like the Foreign Secretary’s reported admission to a Parliamentary Committee of such strikes having been carried out before.  A clarification skirted the Foreign Secretary’s main assertion and emphasises on India’s first-ever admission of such an operation. No government can pass up the opportunity to capitalise on a military operation on its watch. But the Modi government has moved on two fronts.Political appropriation of the strike is a work-in-progress but it is time to examine the government’s channeling of vast amounts of energy and resources to internationally isolate Pakistan. It didn’t require a Chinese report to mention what has been obvious. Instead of inviting SAARC to the BRICS summit, India opted for BIMSTEC that doesn’t have Pakistan.  But Modi may have queered the pitch by giving an Israel-like spin to the Indian army attack. Israel’s ways and methods of security management have always held the political Hindutva devotees in thrall. But large sections of the world see Israeli tactics as an impermanent solution that it is fated to repeat over and over again.Surely the Prime Minister’s intention was not to equate the Indian armed forces with the trigger-happy Israeli army. Israel’s military actions have created a permanent sore the world over and motivate generations of Palestinians to settle scores with a much superior enemy. It has also provided the fuel for faith-based mobilisation that we today know as political terrorism. Bangladesh, despite its overt political reliance on India, may have started feeling queasy over the Israel comparison.  As the BRICS joint declaration showed, in an era of ultra-violence, the world doesn’t really pay heed to border skirmishes.  The domestic dividend of the surgical strikes will be known in the coming assembly elections. But intemperate statements have already started diminishing the efficacy of the efforts to isolate Pakistan.

    Memorials sans upkeep futile: Capt

    Memorials sans upkeep futile: Capt
    Pradesh Congress Committee president Capt Amarinder Singh joins party workers in cleaning the statue of Subedar Nand Singh at Fauji Chowk in Bathinda on Wednesday. PTI

    Tribune News Service

    Bathinda, October 19

    Punjab Congress chief Capt Amarinder, whose book “Lest We Forget” has a detained mention of Subedar Nand Singh, lambasted the Badal government for “failing” to maintain his statue here.He along with party workers and leaders took upon himself the task of cleaning the statue of Victoria Cross and Maha Vir Chakra decorated Subedar Nand Singh of the 1st Sikh Regiment.He expressed anguish over the pitiable condition of the statue installed at Fauji (Shaheed) Chowk. He said there was no point in setting up memorials and installing statues if the government could not ensure their proper maintenance. He urged the Indian Army to take over the upkeep of such properties to prevent their degradation. “Our martyrs deserve no less,” he said.Himself hailing from the 1st Sikh Regiment, Amarinder described the condition of the statue as “yet another glaring instance of how little the Badals care for martyrs and their memorials.”Amarinder today met farmers at Gidderbaha, Muktsar, Bathinda and Faridkot on the third and last day of the Kisan Rath Yatra. Meanwhile, the PPCC chief claimed that there was no plan yet to enter into an alliance with the CPI.‘Will resign as MP after poll’Gidderbaha: PCC chief Capt Amarinder Singh today made it clear that he would not resign as MP for contesting the state assembly elections. “I will resign only after the results of the elections. This is the convention and I had even contested the Lok Sabha elections from Amritsar while being the MLA Patiala,” he said.


    Former Northern Army commander Lt Gen HS Panag (retd) named his farmhouse near Fatehgarh Sahib, ‘Teetar Lodge’, due to fond memories of partridge shooting. That sport is outlawed but the analogy of a ‘’partridge hunt’ persists and is used in discourses on contemporary military matters. I queried Lt Gen S Ata Hasnain (retd), the authoritative commentator and former 15 Corps Commander, after he embellished his latest essay in the ‘Swarajya’ magazine with this intriguing analogy. The essay’s thrust is to decipher the Pakistan Army’s stratagem of launching terrorist attacks in quick succession at Baramulla/Langate/ Pampore and invites comparison to fidayeen attacks launched after the Kargil War by a humiliated Pakistan Army. But first, a tidbit on Lt Gen Hasnain’s family history of traditional shikar.

    ‘’My hunting days started in 1957 at Jammu in the company of my father who was the Brigade Major of the Damana Brigade under Brig Harbaksh Singh (the Western Army Commander during the 1965 War). My father had a BSA .12 bore shotgun and would take me and my brother hunting for ‘Tilyer’ (Common starling). We did family shoots every winter as one grew up in our home town of Allahabad and sometimes in areas around Meerut. We used to do beating in sugarcane and partridges flew at lightning speed. The beat was with a rope which was dragged by two men holding both ends and passing it over the sugarcane. The number of partridges flying out was very high but not to our ability to down them in flight mode. Difficult shooting indeed!’’ Lt Gen Hasnain told this writer.

    Decades later, posted as Colonel (GS) at the Victor Force HQs, Awantipur, Lt Gen Hasnain tasted rich success with ‘’partridges’’ of another kind: those that could also peck pretty hard! His definition of the other hunt: ‘’The analogy of partridge hunt in the Army usually applies to the ease of multiple contacts because in such operations if you get a contact once in a month and that, too, on your own terms it is a big advantage. Units (battalions) go without contacts with terrorists for months. It is also used when an environment is created for multiple contacts and success at a relatively better rate.’’

    Such favourable conditions arose after Kargil. ‘’The term partridge hunt was related to the situation of winter 1999-2000. Our one full division was employed (prewinter) for extensive operations in the upper reaches, rural and jungle terrain and we destroyed many hideouts and captured lots of rations and logistics material stocked by terrorists. This forced them to spend winter in the villages of South Kashmir. When we got wind of the situation, we did not await intelligence as there were so many terrorists all over. We started search and destroy operations by beating through villages with some intelligence sources. It is not as if terrorists came flying out like partridges but we started to pick up more intelligence and firefights commenced almost daily. There was a time when as the Colonel (GS), I was handling seven firefights in our area of responsibility. We killed a very large number through DecemberJanuary 1999,’’ he recounted.

    To avoid casualty, offensive fierce but slow in pace

    To avoid casualty, offensive fierce but slow in pace
    Security men look towards the building where militants remained holed up for the second day of the gunfight in Pampore on Tuesday. Tribune Photo: Amin War

    Azhar Qadri

    Tribune News Service

    Sempora, October 11

    After intervals of absolute silence, loud thuds echoed through Sempora locality outside Srinagar city on Tuesday as the security forces continued to bombard the seven-storeyed building of Entrepreneurship Development Institute, turned into a secure bunker by a fidayeen squad.Few blasts were so powerful that shock waves could be felt even at a distance of 500 metres from ground zero. The offensive to kill the militants, which entered the second day today, was fierce but slow paced as the security forces ruled out the effective but risky “room-to-room intervention”.Here at the entrance of Sempora, where the limits of Srinagar city end and the highway enters Pampore town, the security forces were attempting to end the battle with a fierce fury of firepower, without suffering any casualty. An Army officer said the priority was to avoid casualty to the security forces. “Time is no consideration,” the officer told The Tribune.As the second day came to a close, the exact number of militants was not known even though there was confirmation about the killing of one militant. Since Monday morning, when the fidayeen squad took position inside the building, the security forces have fired several hundred 84-mm rockets, often with randomness as the exact location of militants remained unknown.The attack began at dawn on Monday when militants sneaked into the EDI building from its rear side bordering the Jhelum river. The police officials said the militants blocked the staircase with chairs and tables, and then drew the attention by lighting a fire.The militants appear to have carefully selected the multi-storey building as its concrete structure, which has so far remained resistant to a fierce barrage of rocket fire.It is for a second time this year that the EDI complex has become the site of a gun battle between militants and the security forces. In February, militants ambushed a convoy of the CRPF on the highway and later positioned themselves inside the EDI complex for three days. Two CRPF personnel, three Army commandos, including two captains, a civilian and three militants were killed in the February attack.The latest attack has come at a time when the region is in the midst of the unrest sparked by the killing of militant commander Burhan Wani in July, and amid heightened tension after the Army’s surgical strike targeted militants across the Line of Control last month.In the afternoon of the second day, a police official near the encounter site said the militants had not fired any shot since 11 am yesterday, which has made it difficult to assess their precise location. The building was being bombarded, the official said, to make it “dead sure” that militants had been neutralised.The security forces pounded the sprawling building with rocket fire and improvised explosive devices (IED) throughout the second day. “There are reports that at least two militants have been seen moving down the staircase,” the police official said.“It is difficult for the militants to have survived 100 kg of IED blast detonated last night, but we have to be dead sure that they are dead. Otherwise there is no use of firing so much ammunition,” the official said.

    Long wait amid fury of rocket fire

    • As the second day came to a close, the exact number of militants was not known even though there was confirmation about the killing of one militant. Since Monday morning, when the fidayeen squad took position inside the building, the security forces have fired several hundred 84-mm rockets, often with randomness as the exact location of militants remained unknown.

    Remove 7th pay panel anomalies to honour armed forces: Capt

    Remove 7th pay panel anomalies to honour armed forces: Capt
    Punjab Congress chief Capt Amarinder Singh during the ex-servicemen’s rally in Jalandhar on Saturday. Tribune Photo: Malkiat Singh

    Rachna Khaira

    Tribune News Service

    Jalandhar, october 8

    Training guns at Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar over the Seventh Pay Commission anomalies, PPCC president Capt Amarinder Singh today said the Modi government should remove them to show its true solidarity to the armed forces.He was in the city to attend a meeting with ex-servicemen of Doaba, organised by Shahkot constituency ticket probable Capt Harminder Singh. “When the nation is praising the armed forces for the surgical strikes, what is stopping Modi from removing the anomalies highlighted by the ex-servicemen?” asked Capt.Welcoming Deputy Chief Minister Sukhbir Badal’s proposal to raise five armed battalions to be deployed as the second line of defence along the international border in Punjab, Amarinder said he had also raised one such battalion of ex-servicemen in 2004 during his tenure as Chief Minister.On the third list of AAP candidates, the PPCC chief said he only knew two persons — Sukhpal Khaira and Kanwar Sandhu. “We will defeat Sandhu by a huge margin,” he added.Show-cause notice over Nakodar rowCongress leader Nimisha Mehta has been served a show-cause notice for alleged indiscipline during the Punjab Congress Express yatra in Nakodar recently. Party leaders, including former minister Amarjit Singh Samra and ex-MLA Gurbinder Singh Atwal, have already been issued show-cause notices over the incident. “The party has adopted a zero tolerance policy on indiscipline,” said Amarinder.

    Make it unsustainable for Pak ::::::By Maj Gen (retd) Prof GG Dwivedi

    Make it unsustainable for Pak

    After repeated unsuccessful attempts to take on India in conventional conflicts, Pakistan shifted to waging a ‘proxy war’. The mainstay of its doctrine has been to employ irregulars, non-state actors (NSAs) to bleed India in a ‘low intensity war’. Pakistan mastered this art in Afghanistan where it supported the Mujahedeen to defeat the Soviets at the behest of the US. 

    Proxy War

    Since 1989, Pakistan has been actively involved in fuelling militancy in Kashmir. Ironically, Indian retaliation to terrorist actions has been incidence-specific, and has lacked a holistic approach. September 29, 2016, marked the first time when Indian military response became a part of a well thought-out national strategy in the form of surgical strikes across the LoC.Surgical strikes are well-planned, bold military actions against specific target(s), executed with precision, by specialised forces, to inflict maximum destruction, with minimal collateral damage. Such tactical actions have strategic ramifications; may be executed from ground, air or sea. These military responses require careful selection of objectives aligned with overall strategy, accurate real-time intelligence, seamless coordination amongst various agencies and fine timing. Surprise is most crucial element, a vital prerequisite for success.The destruction of Iraqi Osirak reactor by Israeli air raid in 1981, employment of Tomahawk cruise missiles in the Gulf wars, the use of armed drones and elimination of Osama Bin Laden in 2011 by the US Navy Seals in Abbottabad are classic examples of surgical strikes.The recent operations undertaken by the Army should be viewed as the military component of calibrated national response; which includes politico-diplomatic- economic dimensions. Some salient aspects with regards above surgical strike are:

    • The selected targets were known terrorist launch pads in POK. Located in the close proximity of the Pak Army posts astride the LoC, these act as staging areas where terrorists in small groups wait for a short period before crossing over. Launch pads are makeshift shelters and can relocate at a short notice. These were kept under close surveillance both from ground and air, to facilitate accurate target analysis.
    • The planning for such operations is done simultaneously at both strategic and operational levels. While it is a political decision to assign the task, the prerogative is of the field commanders to work out the plans and execute the mission. This was the format followed by the government in the run-up to the recent operation.
    • The troops selected for execution of the task were from the Special Forces who are attached to the Northern Theatre. They are highly trained, well-rehearsed and equipped with state-of the-art weapons, with capability to operate in all-weather conditions at a short notice. They operate in teams, with strength varying according to a task. For the above operations, a team was tasked for each target, with strength around of 30.
    • Execution of the surgical strike by the ground forces has three phases; insertion of force, conduct of strike and exfiltration. In this case, the strike force was heli- lifted to the forward bases during the day. Insertion was on foot in the hours of darkness. All the objectives were engaged simultaneously, well past midnight. The exfiltration had to be speedy, during the hours of darkness to avoid immediate enemy reactions.
    • Detailed coordination with units and formations deployed on the LoC is critical, especially during the insertion and exfiltration phases.

    Surgical strike by Indian Army across LoC is a manifestation of well calibrated national response to Pakistan with a clear message; there is a penalty to be paid if Islamabad does not mend its ways. India should be well prepared to blunt Pak retaliation, which could be by way of upping the ante astride the LoC and scaling up the terrorist activities in the hinterland. It is also time to expose its hollow nuclear bogey. Delhi has taken the call, projecting itself as a responsible and resilient nation, capable of not only safeguarding its own security but a stabilizing factor in the region at large. Diverse options including calibrated military responses are the only way to make Pakistan misadventures unsustainable and cost-prohibitive.(The writer is former Assistant Chief Integrated Defence Staff, commanded Brigade in Valley; currently Professor Security & Strategy)