Sanjha Morcha


The GUARDIANS OF GOVERNANCE (GOG)  training for 3 Distt commenced today at Nawasahar.

The ESM were briefed by Brig Prahalad Singh .Few Pictures as under

IMG-20180129-WA0075 (1) IMG-20180129-WA0077 IMG-20180129-WA0078 (1) IMG-20180129-WA0076


Governments past and present are guilty of neglecting the military. How our armed forces perform in the event of Doklam 2.0 will impact the next General Election

When this Government came to power in 2014 on the back of Prime Minister Modi’s spectacular showing, there were great hopes within the military community that the benign neglect the military had been subjected to by the previous regime would be addressed. The previous decade had been truly disastrous and demoralising for the military with its operational capabilities hemorrhaging rapidly as crucial procurement decisions were delayed, reform measures ignored and internecine feuds encouraged, thereby ensuring the hierarchy remained divided in its loyalties.

However, three and a half years down the line, not enough has changed. If anything, the hallmark of the Modi Administration towards the military has been a not very sympathetic attitude towards form and tradition in matters military, a creeping arrogance, and an uncalled for subservience to the bureaucratic/intelligenceestablishment led by the National Security Advisor. What else can explain Union Minister Nitin Gadhkari’s petulant and, I dare say, rather childish remarks, questioning the need for the Naval family housing in “posh” Colaba at a public event in Mumbai? While his speech has become a source of much-good humored banter within the Forces, it reflects not just his ignorance of matters military but also of Mumbai’s past. If he had been aware that it was the military which first established itself in the wilderness of Colaba Woods in the mid 19th century and was wholly responsible for its subsequent development, he may have chosen his words wisely. That he was just mouthing views that would be music to the ears of the land mafia which views defence real estate within our metros as the ultimate prize is neither here nor there. But it must be said there has been no shortage of attempts by politicians of all hues to move the military out of metros to free land for other ‘more productive’ purposes.

Soon after Gadkari’s unfair salvo came the disappointing absence of the Prime Minister and the Defence Minister from the customary ‘At Home’ held by the Chief of Army Staff on Army Day, which is traditionally attended by the Supreme Commander, the President, and the Prime Minister, along with his senior Cabinet colleagues. The absence has not gone down well within the armed forces for whom such albeit symbolic events hold great value and act as morale boosters down the line. Hardliners believe the absence of the Prime Minister and Raksha Mantri even amounted to disrespecting the office of the President. There are suggestions that this absence was in retaliation for the manner in which a section of veterans heckled the Raksha Mantri the previous day during a meet organised to felicitate the veterans. While such behaviour was entirely uncalled for and condemnable, and cannot be justified under any circumstances, the Government did not help its cause by the strong-arm tactics of local police during the peaceful OROP relay hunger strike that was being carried out at Jantar Mantar.

Leaving this aside, what is a matter of grave concern has been the lop-sided priorities of the Government towards the military vis-a-vis the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) that have come to the fore. With the Defence Budget being pegged at its lowest since 1962, at just 1.58 per cent of the GDP, it is not a surprise that the raising of the new Mountain Strike Corps is at a stand-still due to non- availability of funds. However, the MHA doesn’t seem to be impacted by this resource crunch as it continues with further accretions to the CAPF, the latest being its declared intention to provide the ITBP with an air wing, add another 15 battalions between it and the BSF, and set up a separate force to guard the Indo-Myanmar border.Add to this the attempt to, in my view blindly, equate and equip these forces on the lines of the Army’s infantry battalions regardless of what their roles and operational tasking demand. With reports that it intends to equip some ITBP battalions with Infantry Combat Vehicles, nothing could be more foolhardy or wasteful than this fanciful belief that the CAPF can be enhanced to the Army’s level without the need to change their ethos, training standards or manning profile.Of course, it begs the question why do border police, that are primarily meant to control trans-border movement during peace time and act as a tripwire and provide early warning to the military in war time, need to emulate the Army and be equipped with mortars and medium machine guns?

Then there is the question of military reforms. While it has decided to reduce logistic elements of the Army based on a selective implementation of the recommendations of the Shekatkar Committee, important issues to restructure higher defence management, the functioning of the DRDO and the Ordnance Factories continue to be ignored. The necessity for the appointment of a single point military advisor in the form of the Chief of Defence Staff, the establishment of Joint Theatre Commands, restructuring of MoD and the Defence Production architecture are issues that needed to be resolved yesterday.

It does not need Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s forceful advocacy of the universally accepted proposition that only the strong survive and nations are only as strong as their militaries, propounded during his speech at the just concluded Raisina Dialogue, to bring this fact home. We are aware of this and yet our political leadership, especially in decades past, has deliberately ignored and downgraded the military due to their visceral fear of Generals replicating the acts of our Western neighbor despite no such proclivity shown. In any event, the Government may soon have to face up to the consequences of this previous neglect and not going the extra mile to make up for the sins of its predecessors if one is to take media reports of Chinese troop accretions in North Doklam at face value. Undoubtedly, how our military performs in the event of Doklam 2.0 will contribute to the Modi Government’s re-election prospects, perhaps more than any other issue,in the coming General Election.

(The writer is a military veteran and consultant with the Observer Research Foundation. Views expressed are entirely personal)

Chinese Nuclear Attack Submarines are way too easy to ‘Detect and Destroy’

  • After a Chinese nuclear attack submarine was discovered by the Japanese navy while submerged near disputed islands in the East China Sea, military experts say it could be too easy to detect.
The PLA Navy’s 110-metre Shang-class submarine surfaced in international waters with a Chinese flag on its mast on January 12 after it was followed by the Japan Maritime Self-Defence Force for two days.

Some military experts believe the vessel was forced to surface, but others say there is not enough information to back up that theory.

China’s defence ministry has not responded to inquiries from the South China Morning Post regarding the incident.

What is known is that the submarine entered the contiguous zone less than 24 nautical miles from the contested Diaoyu Islands, which are known as the Senkakus in Japan.

Relations between China and Japan have long been tense because of historical issues and their territorial disputes over the tiny, uninhabited archipelago – which lies between Taiwan and the southern Japanese island of Okinawa – that is controlled by Japan but also claimed by China.

It was the first time a Chinese navy submarine had come so close to the islands, leading to speculation that it was an apparent move by China to demonstrate its sovereignty claim.

But the early and long exposure of its underwater trajectory, according to military experts, suggests the vessel is not as quiet as it should be. Japan’s defence ministry said anti-submarine ships and planes had been tracking the Chinese submarine since January 10.

China’s nuclear attack submarine has been in service since 2006, carrying out missions in the Indian Ocean and Western Pacific. Two of the submarines, type 093, were built in the 2000s, and at least two more – the upgraded type 093A – were commissioned in 2016, according to a report to the US Congress in 2017.

Japan did not say whether the submarine spotted near its waters was one of the earlier vessels or the upgrade, but experts say it was the newer type. That submarine is believed to have a vertical launch system for anti-ship YJ-18 cruise missiles, and was expected to be on par with the United States’ Los Angeles-class submarines – or at least much quieter than its notoriously noisy predecessor, the type 091 Han-class.

“This is such a shame for the navy,” said a Beijing-based military source, who requested anonymity, adding that the vessel was detected because it was “too noisy”.

The incident has also shown the strong anti-submarine capabilities of Japan, which has the technological backing of the US military, according to military commentator Zhou Chenming in Beijing.

“It’s not so bad that they’ve been exposed, it could push the Chinese to work harder on making the submarines quieter,” Zhou said. “As a strong military power China should be confident enough not to cover up its weaknesses and failures.”

Chinese nuclear attack submarine that raised flag in international waters may have been testing Japan’s patrol capabilities

It is also unusual that a nuclear submarine – which could stay underwater for months – surfaced in front of another navy, given that they usually strive to stay unseen and undetected.

“Once a submarine has been exposed and its unique acoustics have been recorded, it puts them at a great disadvantage,” said Li Jie, a researcher at the Naval Military Studies Research Institute in Beijing.

In 2004, a type 091 Han-class nuclear submarine was detected as it trespassed in Japanese territorial waters near the recent incident. But it remained submerged until it returned to Chinese waters, despite being chased by Japanese ships and planes dropping sonobuoys, which pick up underwater sounds and transmit them.

Macau-based military expert Antony Wong Dong believed the nuclear attack submarine was forced to surface, and said it was “dumb” of the Chinese navy to allow its features to be seen and photographed.

He also dismissed claims that the submarine was flying a Chinese flag to assert its claim to sovereignty over the Diaoyus, noting that it surfaced in international waters.

Sangrur sepoy among 4 killed in Pak firing

BORDER FLARE­UP RS Pura, Akhnoor, KG sectors targeted; toll mounts to 10 since Wednesday; schools near IB, LoC shut for 3 days

JAMMU: Four people, including three civilians and an army soldier, were killed and over a dozen others injured on the International Border and the Line of Control (LoC) in relentless ceasefire violations by Pakistan in Jammu region on Wednesday.

HT PHOTOAn unexploded shell fired by Pakistan Rangers lies in a village in RS Pura sector of Jammu district.

Eleven others, including two Border Security Force (BSF) men, were also injured.

Saturday’s casualties have taken the death toll to 10 since Wednesday.

“Pakistan Rangers targeted over 30 Indian posts and border villages from RS Pura sector to Akhnoor sector north of Jammu since 5.40 am,” said a BSF spokesperson. Within a few hours, they opened up another front along the LoC in Poonch.

Northern Command spokesman Colonel NN Joshi said, “Pakistan Army initiated unprovoked and indiscriminate firing of small arms and automatics at 8.20 am in KG sector. Our troops retaliated effectively. However, Sepoy Mandeep Singh, 23, belonging to Punjab, was grievously injured. The armyman later succumbed to his injuries,”

Sepoy Mandeep Singh belonged to Alampur village in Sangrur district and is survived by his father Gurnam Singh.

The firing also killed 17-yearold Ghara Singh, son of Ashok Kumar of Kapoorpur village, and 45-year-old Ghar Singh of Bera village in RS Pura sector of Jammu district.

As the shelling continued, another civilian Tarsem Kumar, 32, son of Bansi Lal of Gajansoo village in Kanachak sector of Jammu district was killed later in the day.

“Tarsem was brought dead at the Government Medical College and Hospital in Jammu. He was hit by Pak shelling and probably died enroute,” said a cop posted at the GMC police post.

A police officer said fresh skirmishes in RS Pura sector also left nine civilians injured.

Will join army to avenge his death, vows sepoy’s brother

I am proud of my brother who has sacrificed his life. I will join the army. JAGDEEP SINGH, brother

SANGRUR: Brother of sepoy Mandeep Singh, 23, killed in unprovoked ceasefire violation by Pakistan in the Krishna Ghati sector in Jammu and Kashmir on Saturday, vowed to join the Indian Army to avenge the killing.

Sepoy Mandeep Singh’s father Gurnam Singh.

As father Gurnam Singh sat unmoving in a corner, too shocked to speak, the sepoy’s younger brother, Jagdeep Singh, 20, said, “I am proud of my brother who has sacrificed his life for the country. I will also join the army to kill the country’s enemies,” Jagdeep said.

He added that he had spoken to his brother over phone two days ago.

Residents of Mandeep’s native village of Alampur in Moonak sub-division, around 70km from Sangrur, are also in shock.

Mandeep, who had last visited home in February, was supposed to visit again to make arrangements for the wedding of his sister next month.

He had joined the 22 Sikh regiment around three years ago. His uncle Nirmal Singh is also an ex-serviceman.

“My nephew was a brave soldier. He wanted to buy a motorcycle when he visited home next to make arrangements for his sister’s wedding,” said Nirmal.

“Mandeep’s body will reach the village either on Sunday evening or Monday morning,” said Jasvir Singh, Lehra station house officer.

Later in the day, naib tehsildar Hamir Singh and some police officers visited Mandeep’s house to offer condolences.

Ready for talks with India to resolve CPEC differences: China

  • China today said it is ready to hold talks with India to resolve differences over the USD 50 billion China-Pakistan Economic Corridor that passes through Pakistan-occupied Kashmir, days after India’s envoy here said the issue should not be swept under the carpet.
India has objected to the CPEC which is the biggest project of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) – as it traverses through Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK) and has become a contentious issue in India-China relations.

Asked about Indian Ambassador to China Gautam Bambawale’s interview to state-run Global Times in which he had said that differences over CPEC should not be brushed aside, Chinese foreign ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said China is willing to hold talks with India in this regard.

In his interview last week, Bambawale had said “CPEC passes through Indian-claimed territory and hence violates our territorial integrity. This is a major problem for us. We need to talk about it, not push it under the carpet”.

“I believe, the more we talk to each other, the easier it will become to resolve problems,” he said.

Reacting to the envoy’s comments, Hua said China is willing to hold talks with India on the issue.

“I the noted relevant report. Regarding the CPEC, China has repeatedly reiterated its position. As to the differences between China and India, China stands ready to communicate and hold talks with India to seek a proper solution so that these differences will not affect our general national interests. This best serves the interests of the two countries,” she said.

China in the past also evinced interest to resolve it through talks and even its envoy in New Delhi has said Beijing is willing to change the project’s name to make it more acceptable to India.

Hua also praised Pakistan Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi’s remarks at the World Economic Forum in Davos where he said BRI is much more than just an infrastructure partnership and would go a long way in creating a shared future in a fractured world.

The BRI in the past five years has been built in a smooth way providing a large number of job opportunities and improved space and room for development, which is why it was welcomed by people in the region, Hua said.

Beijing has also been clarifying that the project, which provides a strategic connection from its Xinjiang province to Pakistan’s Gwadar port in Balochistan province on the Arabian Sea opposite India’s west coast, will not alter its stand on Kashmir which it said should be resolved bilaterally by India and Pakistan through talks.

Hua said any differences between India and China can be resolved with sincerity and mutual respect.

The parties can seek proper solution for management of the differences, she said.

“We should not ask one party alone to solve this problem. We are willing to work with India to work with dialogue and communication for a better solution,” she said.

“CPEC is merely an economic cooperation project. It has not targeted any third party. We hope the Indian side can put this in perspective and we stand ready to strengthen cooperation with the Indian side,” she said.

Attack helicopter Rudra first time in R-Day parade

New Delhi, January 18  

Indigenously-developed weapon system integrated helicopter Rudra will make its maiden appearance in the Republic Day parade on Rajpath here on January 26, Indian Air Force officials said.The flypast by the Indian Air Force on the Republic Day parade will involve 38 aircraft, including 21 fighters, 12 helicopters and five transporters, Group Captain Rahul Bhasin told reporters.The Ensign formation of the flypast will include a Mi-17 V5 helicopter carrying the ASEAN flag to commemorate the summit meeting of India and the block of South East Asian countries to be held here on January 19-30.“The flypast will be divided into two blocks. The second block will start with Rudra formation comprising Advanced Light Helicopter MK-IV WSI. This is the first time this aircraft is being showcased in the Republic Day parade,” Bhasin said.Other formations will involve C-130 J, AEW&C aircraft escorted by two Sukhoi-30 MKI, Tejas Light Combat Aircraft, Jaguar, MiG 29 Upgrade aircraft.The IAF tableau will be themed on “Indian Air Force encouraging indigenisation”, while the tri-service tableau will be themed on “veterans are asset to the nation”.The IAF march past contingent will include 75 musicians and three band majors led by junior warrant officer Ashok Kumar Nagar.“We will pay 15 patriotic and martial tunes on the occasion,” Nagar said.The IAF band will also mesmerise the audience at “Beating the Retreat” ceremony following the Republic Day, by its compositions and use of African drums.A special tribute will be paid to the Marshal of Indian Air Force Arjan Singh who passed away in September last year with a tune “Great Marshal” employing African drums, Nagar said. — PTI

Asean outreach continues; India, Cambodia to step up maritime ties Prime Minister Modi meets Malaysian counterpart, talks defence

Asean outreach continues; India, Cambodia to step up maritime ties
PM Narendra Modi with his Cambodian counterpart Hun Sen in New Delhi on Saturday. PTI

Smita Sharma

Tribune News Service

New Delhi, January 27

Continuing with his diplomatic engagement with ASEAN leaders, Prime Minister Modi today held delegation-level talks with Cambodian PM Samdech Hun Sen.The two sides discussed cooperation in development partnership, defence, trade and investment, energy conservation, agriculture and tourism. Four MoUs were signed, including mutual legal assistance in criminal matters. The delegations discussed the possibility of extending the India-Myanmar-Thailand trilateral highway further to Cambodia and beyond and expand air connectivity.(Follow The Tribune on Facebook; and Twitter @thetribunechd)Resonating with the Delhi Declaration issued after the ASEAN-India summit, the India-Cambodia joint statement stressed on “security of sea lanes of communication to maintain peace and ensure safety and security of navigation in the Indo-Pacific region”. “They also agreed that peace and maritime security is important for both countries. To that end, they support complete freedom of navigation and overflight and pacific resolution of maritime issues based on international law notably the 1982 UNCLOS,” added the joint statement.Earlier on Friday, Modi held bilateral discussions with Indonesian President Joko Widodo. Indonesia has proposed to invite countries in the region to discuss the Indo-Pacific concept.The two sides sought to strengthen the Indian Ocean Rim Association. “The Indonesian President lent his support for the concept of Indo-Pacific during his meeting with Modi,” said Preeti Saran, Secretary East in MEA. Defence, security, trade and investment, counter terrorism and people-to-people links figured prominently in Narendra Modi’s bilateral meeting with Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak.

Ink four pacts 

  • A credit line agreement of $36.92 million was signed for Cambodia’s water resource development project
  • A cultural exchange programme was signed for 2018-2022
  • An agreement on mutual legal assistance in criminal matters was inked
  • An MoU was inked on cooperation for prevention of human trafficking


No let-up, soldier among 4 killed Jammu border villages a war zone in face of Pak shelling; schools shut for 3 days

Tribune News Service

Jammu/Rajouri, January 20

Four persons, including a soldier, were killed on Saturday as Pakistan continued shelling border posts and civilian areas along the International Border (IB) and Line of Control (LoC) in Jammu region. Eighteen persons were injured, an SSB and a BSF jawan in the Pargwal sector among them. With the authorities sounding a red alert, more than 10,000 residents of border villages have shifted to safer places. Over 300 educational institutions along the IB and the LoC in Jammu region have been shut for three days.(Follow The Tribune on Facebook; and Twitter @thetribunechd)“Pakistani troops initiated unprovoked and indiscriminate firing of small arms and automatics and mortar bombs in Krishna Ghati sector along the LoC in Poonch at 8.20 am. The Indian Army retaliated strongly and effectively. However, in the exchange of fire, Sepoy Mandeep Singh of Alampur village in Punjab’s Sangrur district was grievously injured and succumbed to his injuries. He is survived by his father Gurnam Singh,” a defence spokesperson said. He said as Pakistan resorted to unprovoked shelling in Gajansoo area of Kanachak sector in Jammu this afternoon, shells exploded at the Gajansoo bus stand, injuring two persons. One of them, Tarseem (25), died in hospital later. Pakistan Rangers also shelled forward hamlets in RS Pura. Gaura Ram (17) of Kapurpur and Gahar Singh (45) of Abdullian were killed and five others injured.Already this year, Pakistan has violated the ceasefire over 100 times, resulting in the death of three Army soldiers, three BSF men and six civilians. The Indian Army has lost two soldiers and the BSF two jawans since Thursday. The shelling has caused extensive damage to property and livestock. “The border hamlets have virtually turned into war zones,” the Sub-Divisional Police Officer (SDPO) of RS Pura, Surinder Choudhary, who led a police team to rescue and shift the injured, said. “Border residents would not have died or been injured had the government constructed bunkers or given us land in a safe area, as promised several years ago,” said Sudershan Singh of Arnia.While firing and shelling ended in Hiranagar, Samba and Arnia at 1.30 am today, it continued in Ramgarh sector till 5.30 am. (With PTI inputs)

App for Army veterans in Telangana, Andhra ::Will help them book online appointments with doctors at all ECHS polyclinics

Suresh Dharur

Tribune News Service

Hyderabad, January 18

In a novel initiative, a mobile app has been launched here to enable the ex-servicemen to book online appointments with doctors at all Ex-servicemen Contributory Health Scheme (ECHS) polyclinics in the two Telugu states of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh.The app allows veterans to book online appointment with doctors/physiotherapists and also enables them to submit their feedback as grievances or suggestions. The initiative is a first of its kind in the organisation with the app being made available on Android phones and can be accessible on, said Colonel Anil Kumar, Director, ECHS.“The project has a vast scope for expansion in future,” Colonel Kumar said.

Shopian firing: NC says arrest soldiers, BJP wants FIR withdrawn

Tribune News Service

Jammu, January 29

The National Conference (NC) on Monday demanded the arrest of soldiers named in an FIR in the killing of two civilians in Jammu and Kashmir’s Shopian district, while the ruling BJP demanded withdrawal of the FIR.

“Politics apart, this cycle of killings must end. We all have to end  this bloodshed,” former Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister Omar Abdullah said in the state assembly.

“As per news reports soldiers, including a Major, have been named in the FIR.

“Bullets have been fired at chest height, which means the forces were not controlling the situation, but only firing,” he said, and added, “What was the purpose of ordering a magisterial probe if the police have already lodged an FIR into the incident.” Earlier, senior NC leader, Ali Muhammad Sagar demanded the arrest of the soldiers named in the FIR lodged in the killing of two civilians, Javaid Ahmad and Suhail Ahmad, in Ganowpora village on Saturday.

The incident had occurred when a stone pelting mob had attacked an administrative convoy of the army.

On the other hand, ruling BJP legislator, R.S. Pathania demanded withdrawal of the FIR lodged against the army personnel.

Pathania demanded that a fresh FIR be lodged in the incident without naming any army personnel.

The BJP legislator said “serious charges” had been levelled against the army in the FIR which appeared that it had been “done under pressure”.