Sanjha Morcha


The GUARDIANS OF GOVERNANCE (GOG)  training for 3 Distt commenced today at Nawasahar.

The ESM were briefed by Brig Prahalad Singh .Few Pictures as under

IMG-20180129-WA0075 (1) IMG-20180129-WA0077 IMG-20180129-WA0078 (1) IMG-20180129-WA0076


Governments past and present are guilty of neglecting the military. How our armed forces perform in the event of Doklam 2.0 will impact the next General Election

When this Government came to power in 2014 on the back of Prime Minister Modi’s spectacular showing, there were great hopes within the military community that the benign neglect the military had been subjected to by the previous regime would be addressed. The previous decade had been truly disastrous and demoralising for the military with its operational capabilities hemorrhaging rapidly as crucial procurement decisions were delayed, reform measures ignored and internecine feuds encouraged, thereby ensuring the hierarchy remained divided in its loyalties.

However, three and a half years down the line, not enough has changed. If anything, the hallmark of the Modi Administration towards the military has been a not very sympathetic attitude towards form and tradition in matters military, a creeping arrogance, and an uncalled for subservience to the bureaucratic/intelligenceestablishment led by the National Security Advisor. What else can explain Union Minister Nitin Gadhkari’s petulant and, I dare say, rather childish remarks, questioning the need for the Naval family housing in “posh” Colaba at a public event in Mumbai? While his speech has become a source of much-good humored banter within the Forces, it reflects not just his ignorance of matters military but also of Mumbai’s past. If he had been aware that it was the military which first established itself in the wilderness of Colaba Woods in the mid 19th century and was wholly responsible for its subsequent development, he may have chosen his words wisely. That he was just mouthing views that would be music to the ears of the land mafia which views defence real estate within our metros as the ultimate prize is neither here nor there. But it must be said there has been no shortage of attempts by politicians of all hues to move the military out of metros to free land for other ‘more productive’ purposes.

Soon after Gadkari’s unfair salvo came the disappointing absence of the Prime Minister and the Defence Minister from the customary ‘At Home’ held by the Chief of Army Staff on Army Day, which is traditionally attended by the Supreme Commander, the President, and the Prime Minister, along with his senior Cabinet colleagues. The absence has not gone down well within the armed forces for whom such albeit symbolic events hold great value and act as morale boosters down the line. Hardliners believe the absence of the Prime Minister and Raksha Mantri even amounted to disrespecting the office of the President. There are suggestions that this absence was in retaliation for the manner in which a section of veterans heckled the Raksha Mantri the previous day during a meet organised to felicitate the veterans. While such behaviour was entirely uncalled for and condemnable, and cannot be justified under any circumstances, the Government did not help its cause by the strong-arm tactics of local police during the peaceful OROP relay hunger strike that was being carried out at Jantar Mantar.

Leaving this aside, what is a matter of grave concern has been the lop-sided priorities of the Government towards the military vis-a-vis the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) that have come to the fore. With the Defence Budget being pegged at its lowest since 1962, at just 1.58 per cent of the GDP, it is not a surprise that the raising of the new Mountain Strike Corps is at a stand-still due to non- availability of funds. However, the MHA doesn’t seem to be impacted by this resource crunch as it continues with further accretions to the CAPF, the latest being its declared intention to provide the ITBP with an air wing, add another 15 battalions between it and the BSF, and set up a separate force to guard the Indo-Myanmar border.Add to this the attempt to, in my view blindly, equate and equip these forces on the lines of the Army’s infantry battalions regardless of what their roles and operational tasking demand. With reports that it intends to equip some ITBP battalions with Infantry Combat Vehicles, nothing could be more foolhardy or wasteful than this fanciful belief that the CAPF can be enhanced to the Army’s level without the need to change their ethos, training standards or manning profile.Of course, it begs the question why do border police, that are primarily meant to control trans-border movement during peace time and act as a tripwire and provide early warning to the military in war time, need to emulate the Army and be equipped with mortars and medium machine guns?

Then there is the question of military reforms. While it has decided to reduce logistic elements of the Army based on a selective implementation of the recommendations of the Shekatkar Committee, important issues to restructure higher defence management, the functioning of the DRDO and the Ordnance Factories continue to be ignored. The necessity for the appointment of a single point military advisor in the form of the Chief of Defence Staff, the establishment of Joint Theatre Commands, restructuring of MoD and the Defence Production architecture are issues that needed to be resolved yesterday.

It does not need Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s forceful advocacy of the universally accepted proposition that only the strong survive and nations are only as strong as their militaries, propounded during his speech at the just concluded Raisina Dialogue, to bring this fact home. We are aware of this and yet our political leadership, especially in decades past, has deliberately ignored and downgraded the military due to their visceral fear of Generals replicating the acts of our Western neighbor despite no such proclivity shown. In any event, the Government may soon have to face up to the consequences of this previous neglect and not going the extra mile to make up for the sins of its predecessors if one is to take media reports of Chinese troop accretions in North Doklam at face value. Undoubtedly, how our military performs in the event of Doklam 2.0 will contribute to the Modi Government’s re-election prospects, perhaps more than any other issue,in the coming General Election.

(The writer is a military veteran and consultant with the Observer Research Foundation. Views expressed are entirely personal)

Chinese Nuclear Attack Submarines are way too easy to ‘Detect and Destroy’

  • After a Chinese nuclear attack submarine was discovered by the Japanese navy while submerged near disputed islands in the East China Sea, military experts say it could be too easy to detect.
The PLA Navy’s 110-metre Shang-class submarine surfaced in international waters with a Chinese flag on its mast on January 12 after it was followed by the Japan Maritime Self-Defence Force for two days.

Some military experts believe the vessel was forced to surface, but others say there is not enough information to back up that theory.

China’s defence ministry has not responded to inquiries from the South China Morning Post regarding the incident.

What is known is that the submarine entered the contiguous zone less than 24 nautical miles from the contested Diaoyu Islands, which are known as the Senkakus in Japan.

Relations between China and Japan have long been tense because of historical issues and their territorial disputes over the tiny, uninhabited archipelago – which lies between Taiwan and the southern Japanese island of Okinawa – that is controlled by Japan but also claimed by China.

It was the first time a Chinese navy submarine had come so close to the islands, leading to speculation that it was an apparent move by China to demonstrate its sovereignty claim.

But the early and long exposure of its underwater trajectory, according to military experts, suggests the vessel is not as quiet as it should be. Japan’s defence ministry said anti-submarine ships and planes had been tracking the Chinese submarine since January 10.

China’s nuclear attack submarine has been in service since 2006, carrying out missions in the Indian Ocean and Western Pacific. Two of the submarines, type 093, were built in the 2000s, and at least two more – the upgraded type 093A – were commissioned in 2016, according to a report to the US Congress in 2017.

Japan did not say whether the submarine spotted near its waters was one of the earlier vessels or the upgrade, but experts say it was the newer type. That submarine is believed to have a vertical launch system for anti-ship YJ-18 cruise missiles, and was expected to be on par with the United States’ Los Angeles-class submarines – or at least much quieter than its notoriously noisy predecessor, the type 091 Han-class.

“This is such a shame for the navy,” said a Beijing-based military source, who requested anonymity, adding that the vessel was detected because it was “too noisy”.

The incident has also shown the strong anti-submarine capabilities of Japan, which has the technological backing of the US military, according to military commentator Zhou Chenming in Beijing.

“It’s not so bad that they’ve been exposed, it could push the Chinese to work harder on making the submarines quieter,” Zhou said. “As a strong military power China should be confident enough not to cover up its weaknesses and failures.”

Chinese nuclear attack submarine that raised flag in international waters may have been testing Japan’s patrol capabilities

It is also unusual that a nuclear submarine – which could stay underwater for months – surfaced in front of another navy, given that they usually strive to stay unseen and undetected.

“Once a submarine has been exposed and its unique acoustics have been recorded, it puts them at a great disadvantage,” said Li Jie, a researcher at the Naval Military Studies Research Institute in Beijing.

In 2004, a type 091 Han-class nuclear submarine was detected as it trespassed in Japanese territorial waters near the recent incident. But it remained submerged until it returned to Chinese waters, despite being chased by Japanese ships and planes dropping sonobuoys, which pick up underwater sounds and transmit them.

Macau-based military expert Antony Wong Dong believed the nuclear attack submarine was forced to surface, and said it was “dumb” of the Chinese navy to allow its features to be seen and photographed.

He also dismissed claims that the submarine was flying a Chinese flag to assert its claim to sovereignty over the Diaoyus, noting that it surfaced in international waters.

Ready for talks with India to resolve CPEC differences: China

  • China today said it is ready to hold talks with India to resolve differences over the USD 50 billion China-Pakistan Economic Corridor that passes through Pakistan-occupied Kashmir, days after India’s envoy here said the issue should not be swept under the carpet.
India has objected to the CPEC which is the biggest project of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) – as it traverses through Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK) and has become a contentious issue in India-China relations.

Asked about Indian Ambassador to China Gautam Bambawale’s interview to state-run Global Times in which he had said that differences over CPEC should not be brushed aside, Chinese foreign ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said China is willing to hold talks with India in this regard.

In his interview last week, Bambawale had said “CPEC passes through Indian-claimed territory and hence violates our territorial integrity. This is a major problem for us. We need to talk about it, not push it under the carpet”.

“I believe, the more we talk to each other, the easier it will become to resolve problems,” he said.

Reacting to the envoy’s comments, Hua said China is willing to hold talks with India on the issue.

“I the noted relevant report. Regarding the CPEC, China has repeatedly reiterated its position. As to the differences between China and India, China stands ready to communicate and hold talks with India to seek a proper solution so that these differences will not affect our general national interests. This best serves the interests of the two countries,” she said.

China in the past also evinced interest to resolve it through talks and even its envoy in New Delhi has said Beijing is willing to change the project’s name to make it more acceptable to India.

Hua also praised Pakistan Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi’s remarks at the World Economic Forum in Davos where he said BRI is much more than just an infrastructure partnership and would go a long way in creating a shared future in a fractured world.

The BRI in the past five years has been built in a smooth way providing a large number of job opportunities and improved space and room for development, which is why it was welcomed by people in the region, Hua said.

Beijing has also been clarifying that the project, which provides a strategic connection from its Xinjiang province to Pakistan’s Gwadar port in Balochistan province on the Arabian Sea opposite India’s west coast, will not alter its stand on Kashmir which it said should be resolved bilaterally by India and Pakistan through talks.

Hua said any differences between India and China can be resolved with sincerity and mutual respect.

The parties can seek proper solution for management of the differences, she said.

“We should not ask one party alone to solve this problem. We are willing to work with India to work with dialogue and communication for a better solution,” she said.

“CPEC is merely an economic cooperation project. It has not targeted any third party. We hope the Indian side can put this in perspective and we stand ready to strengthen cooperation with the Indian side,” she said.

Shopian firing: NC says arrest soldiers, BJP wants FIR withdrawn

Tribune News Service

Jammu, January 29

The National Conference (NC) on Monday demanded the arrest of soldiers named in an FIR in the killing of two civilians in Jammu and Kashmir’s Shopian district, while the ruling BJP demanded withdrawal of the FIR.

“Politics apart, this cycle of killings must end. We all have to end  this bloodshed,” former Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister Omar Abdullah said in the state assembly.

“As per news reports soldiers, including a Major, have been named in the FIR.

“Bullets have been fired at chest height, which means the forces were not controlling the situation, but only firing,” he said, and added, “What was the purpose of ordering a magisterial probe if the police have already lodged an FIR into the incident.” Earlier, senior NC leader, Ali Muhammad Sagar demanded the arrest of the soldiers named in the FIR lodged in the killing of two civilians, Javaid Ahmad and Suhail Ahmad, in Ganowpora village on Saturday.

The incident had occurred when a stone pelting mob had attacked an administrative convoy of the army.

On the other hand, ruling BJP legislator, R.S. Pathania demanded withdrawal of the FIR lodged against the army personnel.

Pathania demanded that a fresh FIR be lodged in the incident without naming any army personnel.

The BJP legislator said “serious charges” had been levelled against the army in the FIR which appeared that it had been “done under pressure”.


India needs $4.5 trillion by 2040 to develop Infra: Economic Survey

India needs $4.5 trillion by 2040 to develop Infra: Economic Survey
The Survey said measures to boost it resulted augmenting of the road length to 57.17 million km from 33.73 million km in 2001. File

New Delhi, January 29

India will need about USD 4.5 trillion in the next 25 years for infrastructure development, of which it will be able to garner about USD 3.9 trillion, the Economic Survey said.

“The Global Infrastructure Outlook reflects that rising income levels and economic prosperity is likely to further drive demand for infrastructure investment in India over the next 25 years.

“Around USD 4.5 trillion worth of investments are required by India till 2040 to develop infrastructure to improve economic growth and community well being,” the Survey tabled by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley in Parliament today said.

It said the current trend shows that India can meet around USD 3.9 trillion infrastructure investment out of USD 4.5 trillion.

“The cumulative figure for India’s infrastructure investment gap would be around USD 526 billion by 2040,” it said … The Global infrastructure outlook shows that the gap between required infrastructure investment and current trend of investment is expected to be widened over the year,” it said.

The Survey stressed the need to fill the infrastructure investment gap by financing from private investment, institutions dedicated for infrastructure financing like National Infrastructure Investment Bank (NIIB) and also global institutions like Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) and New Development Bank (erstwhile BRICS Bank).

Stating that there was massive underinvestment in the sector, it attributed the causes behind this to “collapse of Public Private Partnership (PPP) especially in power and telecom projects; stressed balance sheet of private companies; issues related to land & forest clearances.”

Terming road transport as a dominant mode of transport in India which contributes significantly to the national economy, the Survey said measures to boost it resulted augmenting of the road length to 57.17 million km from 33.73 million km in 2001 while the vehicles grew by four times to 229 million during the period.

Also, it emphasised that India’s road density at 1.66 km/sq km of area is higher than that of Japan, USA, China, Brazil and Russian Federation while surface road length was 61 per cent of the total road lento, much lower than the UK, Korea, Russia and China.

It also highlighted that as on September 2017, out of the 1,263 total ongoing monitored projects across sectors, there are 482 projects in Road Transport and Highways with a cost of Rs 3,17,373.9 crore. Of these, 43 projects face cost overruns and 74 projects time overruns.

About railways sector, the Survey said that it is facing stiff competition from other modes of transportation and the government is initiating various transformative measures to keep railways on track.

About Metro rail, it said there are 425 km of Metro rail systems operational in the cities of Delhi, NOIDA, Gurugram, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Lucknow and Kochi and another about 684 km are under construction in various cities by December 2017.

About civil aviation, it said, “Provision of Rs 4,500 crore for revival of 50 unserved and underserved airports/air strips has been taken up with budgetary support of government to be completed by December 2018.”

On shipping, the Survey said, “In 2017-18, projects with an investment of around Rs 10,000 crore and capacity addition of about 80 MMTPA are targeted for award. Of these, 15 projects involving an investment of around Rs 3,159 crore and capacity addition of 18 MTPA have already been awarded.”

Listing Bharatmala and Sagarmala as important initiatives for highways and shipping sectors respectively, the Survey said under Sagarmala ports master plans have been finalised under which 131 port capacity expansion projects with project cost of Rs 85,346 crore have been identified for implementation over next 20 years.

The Survey said all-India installed power generation capacity has increased substantially over the years and reached 330860.6 MW as on November 30, 2017.

About logistics sector, the Survey highlighted that “the Indian logistics market is expected to reach about USD 215 billion in 2020, growing at a CAGR of 10.5 per cent”.

For the telecom sector, it said under phase II of Bharat Net to connect 1.5 lakh gram panchayats with high speed broadband is likely to be completed by March 2019. PTI

‘India, China should resolve border differences calmly’

‘India, China should resolve border differences calmly’
Besides a mechanism to discuss border tensions, India and China also have special representative-level border talks to resolve the differences over the disputed border.

Beijing, January 29

India and China should look at their border differences, including over Dokalam, in a “calm way” and resolve them through existing mechanisms, the Chinese foreign ministry said on Monday.Reacting to Indian Ambassador to China Gautam Bambawale’s interview to Chinese daily, the Global Times, where he said the status quo should not be changed along the sensitive areas of the 3,488-km border, Chinese foreign ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying said here that differences could be addressed through existing mechanisms.“Indeed we have noted that the ambassador talked about it while addressing the issue,” she said.

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“I should say the two sides should look at border issues in a calm way and resolve relevant issues through the existing border-related mechanisms so that we can create conditions and enabling environment to properly solve our differences,” she said.Besides a mechanism to discuss border tensions, India and China also have special representative-level border talks to resolve the differences over the disputed border.About the new satellite imagery showing buildup by both sides, Hua reiterated that Dokalam, over which Bhutan also claims sovereignty, is Chinese territory and said China is building facilities in the area.She referred to the 1890 treaty between the UK and China and said “the Sikkim section of the China-India boundary has been demarcated by historic treaty and treaty under effective jurisdiction of China”.“China has always upheld our sovereignty along the border area including (Dokalam) Donglang,” she said.About the satellite imagery, she said, “I should stress it (area) falls within China’s sovereignty that we conduct facility building in Donglang area.”“Some Indian media have carried reports about the military buildup and infrastructure building in the area. They are very excited about it,” she said.India and China ended a tense 73-day standoff on August 28 last year at Dokalam area after the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) stopped building a strategic road close to India’s narrow Chicken’s Neck area connecting the northeastern states.
Bhutan also claims the Dokalam area to be its part.About the local commanders’ meeting held on Republic Day during which they exchanged pleasantries, Hua said, “The local military personnel and border troops of the two sides held a meeting on India’s Republic Day.”“We think this is conducive to enhancing mutual trust and upholding peace stability along the border areas. We are also willing to enhance our communication and cooperation to better safeguard the security there and to create a better environment in this regard,” she said.About the ambassador’s comments that India and China are partners, not rivals, and both sides should carry out dialogue at all levels, she said “the Chinese government’s position remains consistent”.As two neighbours in Asia and major developing countries, the two sides should treat each other as an opportunity for development, she said.“It is also a consensus reached by the leaders of the two countries. We will surely treat India as our cooperation partner and we hope to enhance people-to-people ties and friendship through such communication exchanges and to enhance our mutual trust so that we can lay more solid foundation and public support for our bilateral relations. In this we can create better conditions to resolve our differences,” she said. PTI

Beating Retreat marks end of R-Day celebrations with foot-tapping music

Beating Retreat marks end of R-Day celebrations with foot-tapping music
Military bands performing at Vijay Chowk during the Beating Retreat ceremony on Monday. — ANI

New Delhi, January 29

Amid soulful classical renditions and foot-tapping numbers rending the air, the Beating Retreat ceremony was held here today, which marks the culmination of Republic Day celebrations.The ceremony this year at Vijay Chowk saw several military bands, pipes and drums bands from regimental centres and battalions enthralling the crowd, with a clear sky and relatively warm weather adding to the cheerful atmosphere.The function began with President Ram Nath Kovind arriving at the venue, his first appearance as the Head of State during Beating Retreat ceremony.Several performances by Army, Air Force and Naval bands, among other troupes, thrilled the audience with patriotic fervour, as they cheered loudly against the backdrop of a delightful twilight.Vice President Venkaiah Naidu, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman and other dignitaries along with chiefs of the Army, Navy and the Air Force were present on the occasion. — PTI




Punjab Regiment best marching contingent

Punjab Regiment best marching contingent
  • The Punjab Regiment of the Indian Army bagged the award for the best marching contingent among the three services and ITBP among the paramilitary and auxiliary forces at this year’s Republic Day Parade
  • In the category of items presented by schoolchildren, Nagpur’s South Central Zone Cultural Centre’s ‘Baredi’ dance from MP was awarded the first prize
  • North East Zone Cultural Centre, Dimapur (Nagaland), and Oxford Foundation School, Najafgarh, Delhi, got consolation prizes  ians