Sanjha Morcha





  • Salaria has an immoral track record: AAP’s Khaira
  • Sulking’ Bajwa to join campaign on October 1
  • Free power to Punjab farmers to continue, says Rana Gurjit
  • Personal attack, fight for Gurdaspur seat gets ugly


















unnamed (5)
 Vijaydashmi ESM rally to be addressed by Hon’ble CM Capt Amarinder Singh is being held at Pathankot on 30 September.
Brig Prahlad Singh 7589301533 is the coordinator for the rally.
All ESM may get in touch with him.
Request bring maximum ESM friends to meet Capt Sahib
 Time 2.30pm           Venue: Kler Palace Defence Road Pathankot
unnamed (39)


Salaria has an immoral track record: AAP’s Khaira

GURDASPUR:Leader of opposition Sukhpal Singh Khaira on Thursday accused SAD-BJP candidate Swaran Salaria of having “an immoral track record” and indulging in corrupt practices to run the Chintpurni Medical College in Pathankot, owned by Salaria.

Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) candidate Major General Suresh Khajuria (retd) meeting a shopkeeper in Gurdaspur on Thursday.Khaira was in Dinanagar to address a public meeting in support of Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) candidate Major General Suresh Khajuria (retd) for the Gurdaspur Lok Sabha byelections.

Taking a dig at Salaria, Khaira said in December 2014, Salaria was booked under rape charges at Vakola police station in Mumbai, following allegations by an air hostess. The case has now been closed. “Salaria may have silenced the aggrieved woman with his money power but the case has brought out a villainous character of the BJP candidate,” Khaira said.

The AAP leader also accused Salaria of “spoiling” careers of “hundreds of youth” from Gurdaspur at his Chintpurni Medical College and Hospital. “The future of students from this college is hanging fire since 2011 after the Medical Council of India (MCI) refused to allow its operations, citing anomalies in its functioning.”

He added that despite the MCI’s observation, Salaria continued to admit students in 2014, 2015 and 2016. The Punjab and Haryana high court has recently ordered that these students should be shifted to other medical colleges in the state, Khaira said.

“With this, Salaria has not only embezzled crores from the students by offering them medical seats, but has also indulged in corrupt practices by cheating his own electorate,” he said.

Challenging Salaria for an open debate with Khajuria, Khaira said its difficult to understand how the people of Gurdaspur can trust a man with such “nefarious track record”.

Speaking on the Centre’s taxation policy, Khaira said the BJP must be taught a lesson for “discriminating against” the state’s industry.

He said that, “at the cost of Punjab”, the Modi government has extended the industrial tax holiday by 10 years for hill states like Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir.

He claimed that more than 30,000 small and medium scale industrial units have either closed down or shifted out of Punjab because of the differential tax policies of successive central governments.

Meanwhile, he also took a dig at Congress candidate Sunil Jakhar and said after being rejected from Abohar assembly seat and Ferozpur Lok Sabha seat, he is aiming at his “political rehabilitation” through the Gurdaspur Lok Sabha byelection.

‘Sulking’ Bajwa to join campaign on October 1

CHANDIGARH: The Congress was never united in Gurdaspur. The rivalry among its political dynasties runs deep, from fathers to sons.

The Lok Sabha bypoll has once again redrawn the battle lines between Rajya Sabha MP Partap Singh Bajwa, who is also former Gurdaspur MP, and state rural development minister Tript Rajinder Bajwa; and Dera Baba Nanak MLA Sukhjinder Randhawa, a contender for a ministerial berth. The fathers of all three too were regional satraps of the Congress and the turf war is part of the legacy.

But as the six-month-old Captain Amarinder Singh government faces a daunting bypoll test, the absence of Partap Bajwa from the campaign scene may give the Congress candidate Sunil Jakhar’s camp some anxious moments.

Dovetailing compulsion with strategy, Jakhar’s campaign managers are projecting Bajwa’s younger brother, Fateh Jang, literally in the driver’s seat. Fateh drove Jakhar to file nomination papers and was one of the faces in the photo op along with Jakhar and the CM. Fateh is also campaigning for Jakhar in Qadian, the seat he now represents after Bajwa’s wife, Charanjit, made way for him in the February polls.

But as the campaign scene hots up at Gurdaspur, Bajwa is in New Delhi to meet top leadership of the party. The Rajya Sabha MP says he will join the campaign on October 1.

The BJP, which has been attacking Jakhar as an “outsider”, is also trying to cash in on the “lack of unity” in the Congress. State BJP chief Vijay Sampla on Thursday said Kavita (Vinod Khanna’s wife) was by the side of party’s candidate, Swaran Singh Salaria, when he filed the nomination papers and also at the rally. “But where is Congress former Gurdaspur MP Partap Bajwa. The Congress is still fighting over the candidate,” he said while talking to reporters in Pathankot. Kavita too had staked her claim for ticket to the Lok Sabha seat after her husband’s death in April.

Bajwa has claimed that he got tickets for six out of nine assembly candidates in Gurdaspur Lok Sabha (barring Sukhjinder, Tript and minister Aruna Chaudhary who represents Dinanagar seat), of whom five won. But with his once bête noire Amarinder as the CM, none of the sitting MLAs except his brother, Fateh, have openly supported the candidature of his wife.

While the Jakhar camp sees no alarm bells in Bajwa’s absence from the poll scene as all the seven Congress MLAs, including Fateh, are campaigning for the party nominee, Bajwa loyalists contend he cannot be overlooked on his home turf, as he has earlier secured wins for himself, wife, brother and some other MLAs and the 2014 Lok Sabha defeat was an exception to his winning spree.

Both the defeated candidates too, Bajwa claims, had pledged their support to Charanjit for the Lok Sabha contest of 2019.

But former Batala MLA Ashwani Sekhri has joined the party campaign so has Amit Singh, who lost from Sujanpur after he had openly supported Charanjit’s candidature before Jakhar’s name was announced by the party.

Free power to Punjab farmers to continue, says Rana Gurjit

MISUSE CHARGES Meters to be installed at tubewells that are not being used for farming; says affluent people are misusing the facility

How can Sukhbir call Jakhar outsider, he contested polls from Jalalabad but lives in Bathinda. Jakhar is the only candidate capable of winning Gurdaspur bypolls.
RANA GURJIT SINGH, state power and irrigation minister

KAPURTHALA: The power and irrigation minister Rana Gurjit Singh on Thursday said that the state government will continue to provide free power supply to the farmers here.

He clarified that the government is planning to install electricity meters on the tubewells, installed at farm houses by the people who are not farming using the tubewells.

The minister said many affluent people are misusing the facility meant for needy farmers.

The government will issue bills to the people who have installed pump sets at their farm houses and are not paying the bills, he said.

He also lashed out at the Shiromani Akali Dal chief Sukhbir Singh for calling Sunil Jakhar an outsider and said, “Sukhbir contested assembly polls from Jalalabad constituency but he lives in Bathinda. Jakhar is the only candidate capable of winning in the upcoming Gurdaspur bypolls,” he said.

Personal attack, fight for Gurdaspur seat gets ugly

Ravi Dhaliwal

Tribune News Service

Gurdaspur, September 28

Politicians have started raking up personal issues with state BJP chief Vijay Sampla claiming that Sunil Jakhar is “a true outsider as his wife belongs to Switzerland and people would have to travel to that country to get their work done since he spends maximum time there”.Jakhar was quick to react and claimed that “the outsider debate is irrational as somebody has to come from somewhere”.He said: “If Capt Amarinder Singh, who was tagged as an outsider when he contested the 2014 parliamentary poll from Amritsar, could beat Arun Jaitley by more than 1 lakh votes, what is stopping me from doing so? Indian politics is replete with innumerable such examples. Sampla should check his words carefully before speaking in public.”On the personal front, Sampla went a step ahead by drawing parallels between the in-laws of Swaran Salaria and Jakhar’s. “Salaria’s in-laws are in Tanda Urmur village on the border of Gurdaspur and Pathankot, while Jakhar has his in-laws in Switzerland. It is a known fact that he spends a lot of time there,” he claimed.AAP leader Sukhpal Khaira, too, launched a personal attack at Salaria by issuing a press note in which he made a reference to a Mumbai airhostess who had filed a case against the BJP candidate a few years ago. He also made a reference to Chintpurni Medical College and Hospital, which is owned by Salaria.


Bravehearts honoured at investiture ceremony

Bravehearts honoured at investiture ceremony

Tribune News Service

Dehradun, September 27

As many as 83 awards, including 22 gallantry, were presented here today by the Golden Key Division of Western Command of the Indian Army.Lieutenant General Surinder Singh, General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Western Command, presented 83 awards, both for gallantry and distinguished service. Seventeen elite Combat Units of Western Command were also honoured for their professional excellence. Presentation of 22 gallantry awards was the highlight of the event wherein brief citations of the act of gallantry of 22 Army officers and soldiers were read out as their recipients were awarded these medals.Stories of indomitable courage of the bravehearts in the face of adversities charged the atmosphere with patriotic fervour. Six of these awardees were honoured posthumously. Their wives travelledfrom far off places to participate in the awardceremony.Guddi, the wife of late Naik Ram Singh, came from a village in Rewari district of Haryana. When asked whether she would allow her children to join the Indian Army like their father she asserted that she would motivate both her sons to join the armed forces and follow in the glorious footsteps of their father.Neeta Deswal, the wife of late Major Amit Deswal of 21 Para, a resident of Dehradun, decided to join the Indian Army after the martyrdom of her husband fighting anti-national forces in the northeast. She is presently undergoing training at the Officers Training Academy, Chennai.Lady Cadet Neeta Deswal said that she took the decision to join the Indian Army to fulfill the aims, aspirations and dreams of my brave husband, which she said continues to inspire and guide me at every step.Doon Valley boasts of one of the highest numbers of gallantry award winners. Six highly decorated veterans from Dehradun also graced the occasion.

Army veterans fume at garbage order

Army veterans fume at garbage order
Army lifting garbage left by tourists at a high altitude area.

Rachna Khaira

Tribune News Service

Jalandhar, September 28

Training guns at the BJP-led Union Government asking armed forces to clean up high altitude areas (HAAs) and operational (OP) areas under the Swachata Abhiyan, veterans of the armed forces have slammed the Centre for “further degradation of armed forces”.Defence Minister Nirmala Sitaraman had announced during her recent visit to Kasauli that the PMO had desired that the HAAs be cleaned of litter left behind by tourists and that this order would be carried out by the Ministry of Defence.Launching a full-fledged war against the “wild” decision on social media sites, the veterans have uploaded photographs of serving personnel carrying an AK-47/INSAS rifle in one hand and a garbage bin in the other.Some have even uploaded caricatures with a whole Army squadron giving guard of honour to a political leader with “inverted brooms”. The war veterans have condemned the government for degrading the Army that carried out 18 surgical strikes by making them part of the ‘Kachra division’ having a div sign ‘Red Broom’.Coming down heavily on the Union Government, Lieutenant- General HS Panag (retd) has questioned its silence over the ambiguity of the orders. “Despite much uproar and confusion reported over the issue, the Union Government has not clarified the role of the armed forces in the cleanliness drive. If the government wanted them the role of an educator, it should have provided them funds. However, if it wanted to utilise them as a labour force, no act can be more shameful and degraded for our armed forces till date,” said Gen Panag.He further questioned the need of such orders to be given in the first place. “Why have the state governments in J&K, Uttrakhand and North East not developed the sanitation infrastructure in tourists places and if so, why have they allowed tourists to come to such places? Why should the Army be made a scapegoat everytime?” asked Gen Panag.He also slammed the serving officers to carry out the orders without seeking a clarification on the orders.Maj-Gen Satbir Singh too has slammed the Union Government for the move. “With the recent moves of the degradation of Army ranks, a huge cut in the canteen and other defence welfare services, the government seems to be testing the patience of our serving personnel which is soon running out. It is high time the the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces should intervene to further prevent the degradation of the armed forces in the country,” said Gen Satbir.Meanwhile, the Army veterans have mooted a proposal to the Union Government to extend employment schemes like MGNREGA in these areas to provide employment opportunities to people living in HAAs and OP villages.The veterans felt that the cost-cutting plan of the Union Government to upgrade the technical expertise of the Army will serve no purpose if its men are made busy to lift the garbage left by tourists in HAA and Op areas.

‘Degradation of armed forces’

Veterans feel that the cost-cutting plan of the Union Government to upgrade the technical expertise of the Army will serve no purpose if its men are made busy to lift the garbage left by tourists in high-altitude and operational areas. The veterans have mooted a proposal to the Union Government to extend employment schemes like MGNREGA in these areas to provide job opportunities to people living in these areas.

“Why have the state governments in J&K, Uttrakhand and North East not developed the sanitation infrastructure in tourists places and if so, why have they allowed tourists to come to such places? Why should the Army be made scapegoat everytime?” — Lieutenant-Gen HS Panag (retd)

A soldier should wield the gun, not broom: Veterans

It’s an idiotic decision (in view of threat we face from two sides). It stems from the notion that armed forces do nothing during peace. COL ANIL RAINA (RETD) Soldiering is all about pride. Such an order will lower self­esteem of soldiers. It’s unfortunate that our chiefs don’t stand up to such diktats. LT GEN HARWANT SINGH (RETD)

CHANDIGARH: From an online petition collecting signatures against the move to furore on WhatsApp and Twitter, the debate over Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) asking the ministry of defence (MoD) to clean up the waste left behind by tourists in high-altitude locations is only getting more lively.

The latest argument is that when the Sri Lankan tourism ministry mooted a similar proposal to its armed forces, they refused, saying their soldiers won’t touch garbage.

A former army commander, who requested anonymity, said he had no bones to pick with the order if it is part of a national effort.

“In the 1960s, the armed forces used to grow wheat and rice in vacant areas and even the bungalows as part of the ‘grow more food campaign’, but the ministry must clarify whether the army will do it physically or it will get funds for it.”

But he was quick to add that if the rumour that it was part of the central government’s efforts to get the pilgrim places cleaned was true, he would be very offended.

Lt Gen Harwant Singh (retd) feels the order is downright humiliating. “Soldiering is all about pride, such an order will lower the self-esteem of a soldier. It is unfortunate that our chiefs don’t stand up to such diktats,” he said, adding that there was a difference between helping out in an emergency and wielding the broom to make up for somebody else’s inefficiency.

There were others who said the order stemmed from the misplaced notion that the armed forces had nothing to do during peace time.

Calling it an “idiotic decision” in view of the threat the country faces from two sides, Col Anil Raina (retd) said the army is busy every month of the year. “From January to March, we are doing in-house training and preparing for the next nine months. Then there is field firing, followed by inspections where a unit is told whether it is war ready or not.”

Agreeing with him, the former army commander said a soldier has to account for every hour in his day. “From training and refresher courses to administrative work, he is kept physically and mentally busy. It is peace time that prepares you for war.”

Col Raina said a soldier is so busy even during peace that if you were to ask him how many nights he gets to sleep, he will reply “2- 3 nights a week”.

Brig Baljit Singh (retd) of War Decorated India, however, chose to interpret the order more cautiously. “I think the PMO implies that the army will get the work done, not that it will do it physically.”

The officer went on to explain that the chief executive officer of the cantonment board, who is an employee of the defence ministry, has both staff and funds at his disposal. “He can use both to clean up areas in high altitude with scanty civil population.”

But most veterans found the order hard to swallow. Slamming it as “very stupid” Brig Harwant Singh (retd) of the Indian Ex-Servicemen Movement, bristled, “The army does not need any ‘swacchta abhiyan’. They are asking us to clean up. It amounts to gross ill-treatment of the soldier. Don’t reduce him to a safai worker.”

Seconding him, Brig Onkar Singh Goraya (retd) said the PMO can boost the cleanliness campaign by sending his people to cantonments for a tutorial in cleanliness. “Visit any military station and you won’t find a brick out of place. We do the job with minimum effort. Learn from us, don’t hand us the broom.”

Colonel denied bail in road rage case

Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, September 28

A local court today dismissed the bail plea of Col Manveer Bains, accused of murder in an incident of road rage. The court observed that Colonel Bains had committed a serious offence and that “he knew the consequences of his actions”. Colonel Bains has been accused of murdering Sector 37 resident Praveen Yadav.The bail application claimed that Yadav died of natural causes and was supported by a medical report from doctors of the GMCH, Sector 32.However, the prosecution opposed it saying that the CFSL and the histopathology reports were awaited. The results of these reports could be vital as these may suggest the chronological order of events and the exact cause of the death. These may also suggest what chemical reactions in the deceased’s body led to his “natural death”.According to the order, Colonel Bains might have been angry with the resident and he parked his car in front of Yadav’s. Colonel Bains slapped Yadav who was brought dead, indicating that he died on the spot. The Judge thus dismissed the bail plea of the Colonel. His application for class B facilities in jail will be taken up on Friday. The 48-year-old Mohali resident was arrested on September 2 and booked for murder after the family of Praveen Yadav alleged that he had been “beaten to death”.

The Constitutional Status of Defense Forces

The Present one dealing with aspects like what does “apolitical” means in terms of law and “Coup Proofing Vs Coup Phobia” and third one on “What Rots Indian Military within”? This is an attempt to answer ‘Frequently Asked Questions’ on issues of military. The questions answers given are not a complete set and shall be kept updated time to time. 

Question No 1. Military veterans seems to be always agitated on issues like pay, pension and allowances. Why is it? Are they depressed or greedy? 
Answer. Military veterans vocal on electronic, print and social media or agitating on Jantar Mantar airing their concerns on many issues concerning military, are neither depressed nor greedy. Soldiers of Indian army give more preference to service to nation and democracy than money. There are certain pressure points which Govts after Govts have not only ignored since 1973, but are creating more reasons for agitations. As for as public is concerned, in independent India it is happening for the first time, that in last 5-6 years military veterans have taken the course of agitation on key issues in public domain creating ripples in minds of common man creating such false impressions. The issues are pending with govt since 1973 and now the patience of soldiers is at breaking point.
Question No 2. But why shall Govt show such apathetic attitude towards soldiers? Soldiers defend nation and render great service and politicians, babus and govt are surely aware of it? 
Answer. It puzzles soldiers too. Why such apathetic attitude towards soldiers? Serving soldiers do not have unions or lobbies like civilians. They always had blind trust in govt but in 1973 they were delivered a serious blow when their status, pay, pensions and allowances were reduced drastically by 3rd pay commission and that of civilians raised.  It created serious imbalance and that too once soldiers had delivered an unprecedented and historic military victory in 1971 war.  Instead of award, soldiers were punished. It never happens like that. It is a sure way of killing the high moral of a victorious army setting a wrong precedence.   
Soldiers have a system of reporting their problems to their commanding officers, who then report the matter to services HQ at Delhi. Military Chiefs then take up matter with the govt. Soldiers followed the same system and had trust in the ability of their chiefs and Govt. Naturally such serious imbalance created by 3rd pay commission were reported to Govt through proper channels. Then PM Indra Gandhi assured Military Chiefs of resolution of their problems but it never happened. Since 1973. chiefs after chiefs have kept reporting the matter to Govt. Govts after Govts have kept assuring soldiers about resolution of their problems but without any solution in sight. Rather various political parties have used frustration of soldiers for petty vote bank politics. It has now created a situation wherein soldiers have lost trust in ability of military chiefs to get solution and started doubting the intentions and seriousness of Govts to deliver justice forcing them to came on street and social media bringing matters into the notice of public. After in all in democracy people are supreme. It is surely not a healthy sign for the democracy. It has also created problem within military where abilities of top leaderships to effectively communicate with govt are now being questioned?  
Question 3. Still why is Govt not serious? Soldiers on street in democracy is a frightening scene? 
Answer. It is surprising for soldiers too. Why is govt not serious? Why are political parties only interested in using frustration of soldiers for votes? Ignoring the problem without giving any justification is like adding the fuel to fire. Unfortunately, such apathy is creating impressions that corrupt politician- babu nexus has no time for serious issues of the nation and soldiers demand for justice is no exception. Look around, justice system has collapsed, govt administration is totally rusted, corruption rules everywhere, parliament has become defunct, proxy Govts rule, no political party has internal democracy, funding channels are kept secret, banking is overburdened with NPAs, gap between poor and rich are widening, farmers are committing suicide. A situation of hopelessness exists. It looks politics has become a profession of employment for failed people who are only interested in loot and plunder. Babus, banks, judiciary, some crony businessmen and temple priests, have joined hands with corrupt politicians to create a mafia. Naturally such mafia has no time and sensitivity for soldiers and justice or what else could be the reason?  Indian soldiers are sensitive, committed to constitution and responsible people. Soldiers know that in the given situation of hopelessness, if they also come on street, as it happens in other countries, it will deliver a death blow to the nation. Naturally so, military veterans have taken the responsibility to communicate with “we the people” who are supreme in democracy, keeping the threshold of agitation well below acceptable limits so that the situation doesn’t explode.
Questions 4. What are the major demands of soldiers? 
Answer. The major demands of soldiers are:
1. Status of soldiers as given in the “Constitution” be respected. 
2. Accordingly, serious imbalances and disparities between compensation model of soldiers and other govt civil employees be removed based on best HR practices taking into account the average career earnings including pension  benefits.
Question 5. What are the constitutional provisions for the executive authority of the military? 
Answer.Constitutional military executive authority of the soldiers comes out of the following articles:
1. Article 18;– respects the “Title of Ranks” of Soldiers even after his death. Soldiers never retire. Title of Ranks never die. 
2. Article 34:- Gives military a political executive authority to intervene by declaring martial law only to restore democracy.  In India parliamentary democracy is supreme. This article makes Indian military as soldiers totally committed to democracy and “we the people”. There may be situation where state fails to govern as per constitution or parliament is unable to function due to any reasons or rise of a civilian dictator endangers democracy or external/ internal aggression endangers it . In such situations constitution makes obligatory on military authorities to intervene to protect and restore democracy. Baba Saheb Ambedkar was a very wise man. He could sense that in independent India, probability of rise of civilian dictators are more than rise of a military dictator. He therefore under this article, entrusted military a role of silent and invisible custodian of Indian democracy.  History of independent India is testimony to the fact that Baba Saheb was right. Military has been loyal to constitution and we the people whereas Indra tried to become dictator declaring unconstitutional emergency. Military did play its role to protect democracy, when then Army Chief cautioned Indra to remain within limits of constitution. In fact emergency was lifted as all three chiefs wrote a top secret letter to Indra Gandhi advising her to lift emergency and call for elections. Probably this is right time the content of this letter shall be disclosed to public. 
3. Article 52 read clubbed with Article 74:– The sovereign authority of govt is vested in the President who wears two distinct hats. One of being head of civil political govt and other of supreme commander of defense forces. These two roles of the president are independent. Under this article the hard and soft national powers are identified and constitutionally divided. While the democracy under the pre-dominance of soft power functions under the leadership of Prime Minister and his cabinet, the total command authority over the hard power of military is denied to him/her. Baba Saheb was a visionary and had deep knowledge of Indian history. He wisely so separated national hard power from the national soft power. Baba Saheb knew if PM or defense minister are given total command authority over military it will give rise to many civilian dictators.  Therefore under this article if read clubbed with article 74, the political direction to military comes from cabinet headed by PM, administrative support comes from ministry of defense and military retains the authority and freedom to take military executive decisions and that is the reason precisely military is an attached organisation to the political govt. Constitutionally, military can not be subordinate to PM and his cabinet as President who is senior to PM is its head and also PM is not given command of military. In Indian democracy where PM exercises executive political authority and President is constitutional head of military, services HQ can only be integrated with civil govt and can not be merged as is the case in USA.  
4. Co-relation of Article 34 on Article 52 and 74. Articles 52 and 74 do not take away the authority as vested in supreme commander of defense forces and military commanders as Silent and Invisible Custodians of Indian Democracy. There could be situation where advice of PM (aspiring to become a dictator) and his cabinet to President could be detrimental to democracy. Under article 52 and article 74, president is left with no choice except to accept their advice after one review however under article 34 supreme commander of defense forces or military commanders can exercise military authority as vested in them only to defend constitution and democracy.

Question 6. Constitutionally, what are the roles of the Defense Forces? 

Answer. If seen in the backdrop of above constitutional provisions, the roles of Indian Defense Forces are:

1. Primary Role. To defend Indian Constitution and Democracy against any of the following threats:

a. Any external aggression or threat in any form on the Geo-political and economic interests of India, territories under the political control of Indian Govt and Indian constitution. The external threat may not be always in form of military invasions. It may appear in form of externally abetted political assassinations,  cyber or economic wars, threatening Geo-political alliances or posturing etc. 
b. Any internal threat endangering functioning of the constitution and democracy which may be in forms of armed rebellion or political takeover by a civilian dictator. 

2. Secondary Role. To assist civil administration in maintenance of law and order and in case of natural calamities, disasters and disturbances only when requisitioned. Please note that defenses forces can act in their secondary roles only when requisitioned. However for preforming their primary roles, no such orders or requisition are required. However as long as an elected political govt under parliamentary democracy is functioning, defense forces will always seek their political directions before any action. In case such govt seize to exist or nuke attacks have obliterated such govt or a civilian dictator has taken over violating constitution or any state govt has rebelled or any armed rebellion has seized any part of territory/ govt administration, defense forces will act under the military authority as vested in them to protect constitution and shall not wait for any political directions.
Question 7. What are the constitutional provisions for the status and service conditions of the Defense Forces?
Answer. Chapter 14 of the constitution deals with “Services of the Union and States”. Though defense forces are created under articles 34 and 52, but their service conditions are constitutionally governed under this chapter. Relevant article are as under:
1. Article 309 empowers parliament to make legislation for the service conditions of various public services including defense forces.
2. Article 310 Makes provisions for the tenure of all commissioned officers of the defense forces personals and civilian gazetted officers to be at pleasure of president. This article mentions various govt services in order of their seniority in terms of constitutional status. Officers of the defense forces are first in the seniority even ahead of civil services of the union (discontinued after independence) and All India Services (IAS, IPS, IRS, IFS etc).
3.Articles 311- 323 under the chapter deal with various safeguards provided to civil services and forming of Public Service Commissions.
Legal provisions for withdrawal of Pleasure of President in respect to officers of the  defense forces differ from the civil officers which  for defenses forces are further given in respective services acts, rules and also regulations.
4.Under article 309, various civil services acts for giving various service conditions in details like IAS acts and rules or IPS acts and rules have been framed. However in relation to defense services Govt and Parliament has chosen to remain silent and adhocism has been created. Absence of act and rules for service conditions of defense forces in detail as mandated under article 309, is the root cause of soldiers grievances. Present Defense Acts and Rules deal more with the discipline aspect of forces. The defense regulations are customs of Monarchy. India is a democracy and defense forces shall not be administered under adhoc regulations.
Question 8.  How are officers in Defense Forces appointed and how does their oath differ from a civil servant?
Answer. Officers of the Defense Forces in addition to being gazetted, are also commissioned officers. The word “commission” is mentioned in the parchment given to them at the time of their commissioning wherein they take oath of allegiance not only to the constitution as taken by civil officers but also to obey lawful command of their superior officer up in the chain of command after due observations to it being a lawful in accordance with laws of regular army.Under this observed obedience of lawful command, duty to defend the constitution is inherent. Civilians including PM and Govt Ministers take oath of allegiance to the constitution and not to defend constitution? Few key aspect which shall be noted in appointments of defense officers are :1. The parchment of commission is given under the printed signatures of the President authenticated by a Military General and not by any civil officer. 
2. In parchment of commission, the President uses the word “ME” and not “MY GOVT” as he uses in Parliament, because the authority of military command is absolute in nature and is vested in him as supreme commander of the defense forces. Such power legally can not be delegated to any other authority. Provisions of article 74, therefore do not apply on military authority and chain of command. Army laws make nature of command legally very clear.  In case of confusion of political directions for military between President and PM, defense forces are obliged to follow orders of supreme commanders of defense forces and not PM. 
3. Officers of defense forces take oath to serve anywhere in world and space, where ever they could be send by land, air and sea beyond the territories of India and where even the Indian laws do not apply? They enforce the sovereign authority of the state not only within national territories but beyond. 
4. Officers are suppose to follow such orders of command which are lawful in nature. Legal validity of orders are decided by officer himself interpreting these under the law. Commissioned officers are therefore expected to use their judgment to decide legality of the orders and all illegal orders he is expected to disobey. In case commissioned officers obey illegal orders, they carry liability of criminal prosecution.  
5. Officers of the defense forces by virtue of being commissioned officers, are vested with following powers
a. Military executive authority not only to impose its will using military force on any entity but also to the extend of forming govts. Military Govt in India were formed in Hyderabad, Goa and Junagarh once these were liberated and also in Bangaldesh and Jaffna Sri Lanka.  
b. Judicial powers to not only give punishments to the extend of death sentence, but in certain situations confirm and execute it without any reference to any court, govt and president. 
c. Powers of Magistrates are exercised by defense forces in aid to civil authority. Officers of the rank of NCOs and above  exercise such powers. Whereas in case of civil these are not below gazetted officers. 
d Military Authority to command troops. Military functions based on unique concept of command. 
e. Administrative powers like any civilian officers. 
It could be seen from above that all functions of state for which a civil govt has different organs, in case of military are vested in commissioned officers.  
Question 9. It seems somewhat confusing? General Impressions are that constitutionally IAS officers are Masters of Indian Destiny and they are even superior than other sister services like IPS, IRS and IFS? 

Answer. If seen in backdrop of article 310, that is not correct. Over a period of time IAS officers have taken advantage of their certain appointments and closeness to politicians. Corrupt, greedy and insecure politicians have obliged them, as in elections IAS officers are appointed returning officers responsible to check validity of their nomination papers, their election canvassing activities and spending of funds. In fact it is this appointment which makes them a kind of masters of Indian Elections. It is the IAS officer as DM, who announces results of vote counting. When in multi corner elections where victory margins are thin, such officers naturally can oblige politicians. It is this relationship between politicians and IAS officers which has given unjustified advantage to IAS. In most of the democracy. No civil servant is given the responsibility of being a returning officer.  In US, civil servants only oversee checks over political spending, in Pakistan, these are judicial officers who are nominated as returning officers. The present practice is harmful to Indian Democracy and parliament must take note of it? 

Nevertheless constitutionally, following shall answer the question about the correct position on the standing of officers of defense forces with officers of IAS and other All India Services :

Comparison of Constitutional Status of Defense Officers and IAS including Officers  of All India Services

1. Sovereign Executive Military Authority is an exclusive domain of military officers exercised through powers and chain of command. Under such authority nations are destroyed or made. Political directions for military actions at macro levels are given by elected govt in a functional democracy. Under article 34 defense forces have been made silent and invisible custodian of Indian democracy with a responsibility to keep it intact. No such powers in civil domain to any civil officer.

2. Authority to form political Govt is an exclusive domain of political civil Govt in a functional democracy on mandate of ‘we the people’. However in certain situations with approval of elected civil political authorities and if it doesn’t exist then own its own, officers of the defense officers form a political govt in any external captured territory and anywhere within the country. Examples are when military formed Govts in Hyderabad, Goa and Junagarh within the country and in Bangladesh and Jaffna; Sri Lanka abroad. Such Govt can be led by any military officer or any other person so authorized by responsible military commander.  Adjutant General of the Army HQ is responsible for the subject. Only officers of the rank of Brigadier and above are authorized to declare formation of such Govt. That is the reason, rank of Brigadier was and should be equated with the appointment of secretary of Govt of India. Same is the practice world over in most democracies. No such authority is vested in any of the officers of all India services. All civil officers serve under the command of military commanders whenever/where ever Military Govts are formed.

3. Judicial Powers. Any commissioned officer can be nominated to the military court as a Judge. Military officers of the rank of Captain and above exercise judicial powers of a session judge and can give death sentences.  In case of SGCM, an officer of the rank of Captain and above can nominate himself as judge and can give death sentence in a summary trial. He in this case can also confirm the sentence given by himself on behalf of President and give orders for its execution without reference to any court and civil authority. No right of appeal is given to the accused. Military Laws can be made applicable to civilians either by notification by central govt or under martial laws. Legal validity of the courts formed under martial laws has the sanction of Supreme Court. No such powers or authority is held by any officer of the all India services.

4. Powers of a Magistrate. Powers of magistrate is more of a civilian concept when a civilian officer is given part of executive authority of the state by virtue of he/her holding an appointment or given for a period. Military works on the concept of command where executive powers of state are inherent in powers of command of Military officers by virtue of holding commission or authority to exercise such powers. In case of military, powers of command are given down to NCO levels. In aid to civil authority military Non Commissioned Officers, has the powers to order fire.  Such orders in case of civil can only be given by a Civil magistrate. These powers are not inherent as is the case of military officers. IAS officers exercise powers of magistrate as returning officers for an election. It is this appointment which gives advantage to them to illegally oblige politicians and makes them powerful over others.

5. Administrative Powers. Exercised as authorized by Defense Officers as well as officers of all India services. Please note, IAS officers or other officers of all India services exercise executive powers of State only when they have powers of magistrate or holding a specified appointment where as executive authority of the State are inherent to all commissioned officers by virtue of they holding  commission on behalf of the President. Nature of job of officers of all India services is more as administrative whereas in case of defense officers it is pre-dominantly executive. That is the reason article 310, puts officers of defense forces in senior most order than officers of all India services and other civil services. Yes, it is also true constitutionally that IAS officer have no legal standing to claim seniority or preference over IPS, IRS or IFS. Their present superior status is illegal and has been created with the help of politicians as they are the only one who can become returning officers to conduct elections.

Question 10. The word defending the constitution are neither mentioned in Oath and Nor in commission parchment, then how are officers of the defense forces responsible for the “defending the constitution”?
Answer. Oath of President of India has two key words. One “upholding the constitution” and other “defending it”?  President takes the oath to defend constitution as supreme commander of the defense forces and the only means to defend constitution, he has, are the defense forces. He therefore passes his authority to officers of the defense forces in form of commission. It is through this commission the officers of defense forces become responsible for defending the constitution by military force following lawful command. Article 34 also makes it obligatory on part of the defense forces to defend constitution. 
Question 11. Civil Political Govt has authority and freedom to decide what shall be status of the defense officers and how shall they be paid? Why shall defense officers and soldiers crib?
Answer. Govt of the day is formed and functions under the broad constitutional framework. No govt or babu is above constitution and they are expected to work within the space as provided. Since 1973 govt are taking certain unconstitutional decisions and downgrading status and compensations of the the defense forces. The same is highly objectionable. Defense forces have been so far maintaining the decorum and trying to argue reason with the govt. Unfortunately the same is not yielding the result and no answers are coming from the govt?  That is main reason military veterans have taken to social media and streets. 
Question 12. Why shall Govt give answers to the military? It is communicating its decisions? Where is the problem in it? 
Answer. India is a democracy and not autocracy. Govts are answerable to the people and parliament. In case of military they need to explain reasons as by law military is not expected to obey unlawful orders. Soldiers have certain of their fundamental rights restricted it doesn’t mean they lose all other rights of a being Indian citizens? Govt carry a responsibility to reason out their grievances? It is demand of democracy. 
Question 13. Why is military not going to court? After all it is an attached organisation to the govt and maintains its own identity? 
Answer. Defense forces surly have such options open but not exercising showing respect to democracy and hoping  that some day wisdom will prevail. After all military going against an elected govt in court might cause serious problems to the democracy. Yes some serving officers and military veterans are taking some lead but the same is also not a healthy sign. 
Question 14. What are the main grievances? Can same be elaborated? 
Answer. Same were explained above in answer to question 4. The same is again elaborated here:
1. Considering various articles 18, 34, 52, 309 and 310 of the constitution and their authority, powers of command, roles and functions, officers of defense forces have a constitutional status and the same is superior to the senior most civil services that is IAS. Article 310 makes it very clear. Equating commissioned officers inferior to police and higher than homewards is surely humiliating. Since 1973 defense forces are actually under systematic motivated attacks from political establishment for marginalizing them. The same is likely to create a serious imbalance in power structure of the country in total violation of constitution which is fraught with serious consequences like creating space for rise of civilian dictators. 
2. On the eve of Independence, first Govt under PM Nehru in fact had realized the problem and on recommendations of a committee, respecting constitutional status of the defense officers, certain principle of parity were laid down. The same were:
a. The status of officers of defense forces will be superior to civil services; IAS. 
b. Seniority protocol between commissioned officers and IAS shall be decided based on length of service and not on the basis of rank of defense officers. 
c. Compensation packages in terms of total average career take home including pension of defense forces shall be higher than civil. In case of defense officers more than IAS. 
3. The above thumb rule as made under Nehru govt, respected the constitution. It was in 1973, in lust to be a dictator, Indra Gandhi tweaked above policy and cut their status and compensation drastically. The process which she started is still continuing? Now the situation is that in terms of status, defense forces are being equated to Grade B civil officers and their average career take homes are less than police and above home guard? 
4. The real unrest is not OROP or some allowances here or there. Real issue is question of disparity and serious imbalances in total disregard to constitutional status of the soldiers. If a MP is respected as MP, if president is respected as president, if judges are respected as judges all as per status given in constitution than why are soldiers not being respected their constitutional status? Degrading soldiers in total disregards to constitution is nothing but direct attack on Constitution.  
Question 15. PM Modi seems to be serious in resolving the issues, then why are soldiers still agitating?
Answer. Soldiers had lots of hope in Sh N Modi as he looked sincere but actions of his govt doesn’t speak the same story. Following may please be noted:
1. BJP promised a white paper on the problems and also formation of a military commission. In last 2 years nothing has happened on it? 
2. After BJP formed govt, their defense minister clearly said “OROP” can not be given. Soldiers are asking salary for life. That triggered agitation. Then their Home Minister tried to break the agitation using force. A RSS leader in their first ever political darbar in Delhi, in fact as reported passed instructions to present Defense Minister in a very derogatory manner “Give them something and make them quite’?   It further aggravated problem. 
3. Govt has accepted recommendations of the VII pay commission which has given a very humiliating treatment to soldiers, cutting them further in status and compensations. There are issue pending since IV, V and VI pay commissions. Nothing was addressed, rather more cuts have been implemented. It has happened for the second time, while the civilians have been given their dues, soldiers are still struggling. It is the first time in the history of India, where three services chiefs have polity declined implementation of VII pay commission till major anomalies are resolved.  
4. On issue of disability govt has created yet another controversy. 
5. Now fresh controversy over status parity has erupted in MOD, where civil officers of the Grade B are being treated much superior than commissioned officers.   
6. On all these issues, one can notice deliberate leaks and motivated article  to defame soldiers? In VII pay commission report, an attempt has been made to put down soldiers and show them as greedy.
7. A new fund has been created for public to donate money giving and impression that as govt has no money for soldiers as nation is poor, public must pitch in donations. 
Question 16. India is poor country surly she cant not pay soldiers lavishly? 
Answer. Who is asking that? India is a poor country then why to pay civilian govt employees so lavishly? Soldiers are asking to remove imbalances and restore their status maintaining the principle of parity in line  of constitutional status. Nehru Govt did make the rules. 
Question 17. If govt doesn’t address the problem as seen by soldiers and tries to resolve its own way then what are the consequences? 
Answer. At first place govt shall not do that. The constitution is supreme. If govt still wishes to go ahead then better amend constitution. Make defense minister as supreme commander of defense forces, abolish article 34 and article 52 II. Amend article 310 to make defense forces junior to police forces. Make NSA as Chief of Defense Staff and stop giving commission to defense officers. Where is the problem? We live in a democracy where Constitution and “will of people” are supreme. But if not done, then respect the present Constitution. In any case, since independence a situation has been created now where trust of soldiers in govt as the its lowest. It is a dangerous situation. A soldier who is low in his self esteem and doesn’t trust govt will have no trust in cause of his mission and moreover he will be more worried about future, safety and security of his family? Such soldiers can only deliver defeat.  Choice is of the govt and we the people. 
Question 18. What is the way out? 
Answer. Well the way out is known to the Govt. BJP did promise a white paper and standing military commission. In fact Supreme Court has been suggesting same to the Govt. Twice it has happened that SC has ordered Govt to form a standing commission but later withdrew its orders on promise of the Govt. Let this commission first publish a white paper and then take a comprehensive approach to restructure the whole model keeping constitution in mind. The real issues are only two. 1. Treating soldiers as per their constitutional status and/or 2. accordingly structuring a compensation model.
Author is ex-army Colonel and corporate leader presently seeding first Chamber of Commerce of Ex Servicemen

When centurion, who fought 4 wars, went down memory lane

LUDHIANA : Major (retd) Gurdial Singh Jallanwalia (100), the oldest artillery man in the state and who has fought four wars, was all smiles when he was honoured here on Wednesday, a day before Indian Army’s celebrates the Artillery Day.

Maj Gurdial Singh Jallanwalia (retd) flanked by his sons Col (retd) Harmanderjeet Singh (left) and IAF Group Captain (retd) Harjinderjeet Singh in Ludhiana on Wednesday.Jallanwalia and 13 of his family members, who served in the Indian army, have the distinction of having fought all wars since the World War 1. The veteran, who served as a gunner for more than three decades in the Indian Army and with the British Army before Independence, went down the memory lane.

Director general (artillery) sent Jallanwalia a silver salver congratulating him on completing 100 years of healthy life and for his contribution to the Indian Army. Brigadier (retd) JS Arora, director, Sainik Welfare Board, Punjab, presented him a memento and silver salver to felicitate him.

A picture of discipline and humility, Singh recalls his days fighting the wars and has vivid memories of the day he was shot in Burma during the World War 2. “We were sent to Burma by road from Bangalore to fight war against the Japanese in 1944 during World War II. We reached the Chindwin river and crossed it on a ferry. We were constantly attacked by the enemy artillery. We reached the Iraawadi river and found the bridge destroyed by the retreating Japanese. We spent two days in open fields and I was shot by a Japanese soldier. I gathered my men and charged an attack towards the direction of fire. We killed two Japanese hidden in the bushes. Luckily, the bullet from the outer part on the right side below the belt and I had a narrow escape,” he reminisced.

At 100, he suffers from no agerelated problems and needs no help to manage his daily chores. Jallanwalia loves to eat ‘parantha’ with lots of butter. He said he never hesitated to eat anything and is a vegetarian and teetotaler. When asked about the secret of his healthy and long life, he said during his childhood the only thing they used to buy from market was salt. “Rest all the things were grown in the family farms,” he said.

MESSAGE TO YOUTH As a message to the youngsters, he said discipline and integrity are two most important virtues in life. He is presently the executive member of Indian Ex-Servicemen League, Punjab and Chandigarh. His son Harminderjeet said his father went to join the agitation for One Rank One Pension and insisted on holding a hunger strike. However, Singh’s family convinced him not to do that considering his age and he donated ₹1 lakh for the agitation.

Born to Risaldaar Duleep Singh on August 21, 1917, his father fought in the World War 1 in Mesopotamia (today’s Iraq). After matriculating from the Royal Indian Military School, Jullundar Cantt, Jallanwalia joined the Mountain Artillery Training Center on June 15, 1935.

After Independence, Gurdial Singh participated in the action against infiltration of Jammu and Kashmir in the Nowshera Sector in 1948. He continued to serve the nation in the 1962 and 1965 wars. He lost his nephew Major Bhupinder Singh (Mahavir Chakra) during the 1965 war. In 1971, his nephew Colonel Ajmer Singh fought against Pakistan.

The family tradition continued and his both sons Harmanderjeet Singh and Harjinderjeet Singh also joined the Indian Army and IAF. Both brothers fought during Operation Vijay at Kargil in 1999. Keeping the tradition alive, Harminderjeet’s son Gurminder Singh is contributing to the nation’s defence posted as Colonel in J&K. Gurminder’s wife Lt Col Mandeep Kaur is also serving the Indian Army as a doctor along with her husband.

DRDO’s ATAGS completes desert trials, now enters winter trials to break new records

The country’s first fully integrated Advanced Towed Artillery Gun System (ATAGS), being developed by the Defence Research and Developed Organisation (DRDO), has successfully completed user assisted technical trials for desert terrain at the Pokhran firing range in Rajasthan.

P K Mehta, DRDO’s director general for armament and combat engineering system, told TOI on Wednesday, “We have achieved the desired results in the user assisted trials and the gun is now poised for further trials (for other terrains) in the coming months.”

The trials in the deserts were carried out by DRDO scientists and the Indian Army’s director general for artillery from August 24 to September 7. A large number of extended range full bore artillery ammunitions were successfully fired from the gun during the trials.

Project director S V Gade of the Armament Research and Development Establishment (ARDE) in Pune, who anchored the trials, said, “The users (Indian Army) fired all type of ammunitions and achieved the desired range and consistency for the live ammunition. In fact, the gun successfully hit a target at 48km distance. No other contemporary artillery guns are able to achieve a range of more than 40km so far.” The ATAGS is capable of firing a Bi-Modular Charge System (BMCS) Zone 7 propellant, which no other country is able to fire as on date, he added.

Gade said, “We have also validated firing table in a limited way of the gun, which was very crucial task for us.”

The ATAGS has an all-electric drive which gives advantage over traditional hydraulic drives which exists in other towed guns. The electric drives of the ATAGS gives controls in handling ammunition, opening and closing the breech mech. and ramming the round into firing chamber, Gade added.

“The gun will undergo refinements and will be ready for high altitude trials which are likely to be conducted at Sikkim in December, depending on a confirmation from the army authorities,” Gade said. The gun is expected to be inducted in the Indian Army by 2020, sources in DRDO said.